Canadian history timeline.

  • Sep 4, 1487

    Diaz sailed around Africa

    Diaz sailed around Africa
    He was the first person to sail the coast of Africa.
  • Sep 4, 1492

    Columbus discovers America.

    Columbus discovers America.
    Columbus discovers Amercia while searching for China.
  • Sep 4, 1497

    Vasco de Gama sails to India.

    Vasco de Gama sails to India.
  • Sep 4, 1497

    John Cabot landed in Canada's east coast.

    John Cabot landed in Canada's east coast.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1500 to

    Canadian history.

  • Aug 30, 1500

    Europeans arrive.

    Europeans arrive.
    During the 15th century the Europeans become very intressted in the exploration of new lands. The Europeans look for a new route to Asia because the Ottoman Turks have blocked the land route. While searching for a new route to Asia, they discover America.
  • Sep 4, 1500

    Cabral sailed to Brazil

    Cabral sailed to Brazil
    He was the first person to sail to Brazil. He is credited with the discovery of Brazil.
  • Sep 4, 1513

    Balboa lands in Central America.

    Balboa lands in Central America.
    Balboa lands in Central America and crosses it to see the Pacific Ocean.
  • Sep 4, 1519

    Magellan circles the world.

    Magellan circles the world.
    From 1519-1522 Magellan was credited as the first man who circled the world
  • Sep 4, 1534

    Jacques Cartier's first voyage to Canada.

    Jacques Cartier's first voyage to Canada.
    He was credited with the discovery of Canada in 1534. Explored and mapped the Gulf of St-Lawrence, reported what he thought was gold but in fact was a lot of fish, timber, and furs.
  • Sep 4, 1535

    Jacques Cartier's second voyage to Canada.

    Jacques Cartier's second voyage to Canada.
    Sailed up the St-Lawrence, reached Stadacona (Quebec). SOme friendly natives showed Europeans how to survive the winter and scurvy (lack of vitamin c). They return with native captives (incl. Chief Donacona).
  • Sep 4, 1541

    Jacques Cartier's third voyage to Canada.

    Jacques Cartier's third voyage to Canada.
    Attemped to set up a colony. It was a failure. Missionaries attempted to convert natives. France lost interest for 60 years in the colony.
  • Samuel de Champlain founds Port-Royal

    Samuel de Champlain founds Port-Royal
    The king sends a voyage in 1605 to establish a settlement in Port-Royal.
  • Champlain founds the first trading post in Stadacona (Québec)

    Champlain founds the first trading post in Stadacona (Québec)
  • Laviolette founded Trois-Rivieres.

    Laviolette founded Trois-Rivieres.
  • Maisonneuve founds Ville-Marie (Montreal)

    Maisonneuve founds Ville-Marie (Montreal)
  • Paul Chomedey and Jeanne Mance found Hôtel-Dieu (first hospital).

    Paul Chomedey and Jeanne Mance found Hôtel-Dieu (first hospital).
    The Church often gets credited with the founding of this hospital because they funded it.
  • Marguerite Bourgeoys founds the first school (Congregation of Notre-Dame)

    Marguerite Bourgeoys founds the first school (Congregation of Notre-Dame)
    The church often gets credited with the founding of this school because it funded it.
  • The Royal Government was implemented

    The Royal Government was implemented
    The king decided that the companies who were running New France were destroying it. Louis XIV ended the monopaly and put the colony under the Minister of the Marine and implemented the Royal Government.
  • The First Intercolonial War

    The First Intercolonial War
    The first battle between England and its 13 colonies against New France. It ends with the Treaty of Ryswick.
  • The Second Intercolonial War

    The Second Intercolonial War
    The second battle between England and its colony against New France.. Ends with the Treaty of Utrecht
  • The Third Intercolonial War

    The Third Intercolonial War
    This is the third battle to decide who controls the territory of New France. Ends with the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle.
  • The Fourth Intercolonial War

    The Fourth Intercolonial War
    This is the battle that decides the fate of New France. It ends with the Treaty of Paris in 1763. The English win and all land but two small islands are now posessed by the British.
  • Population of New France increases drastically due to Jean Talon

    Population of New France increases drastically due to Jean Talon
    The population went from 3 000 people in 1663 to 70 000 people in 1760 due to the measures implemented by Jean Talon. The population was 2 million in the 13 colonies in 1760.
  • People in New France are known as Canadians.

    People in New France are known as Canadians.
    The people of New France becmemore autonomous and grow o become a distinct set of people known as Canadians.
  • The Articles of Capitulation are put into place.

    The Articles of Capitulation are put into place.
    1-The French Militia could return home, no one would lose their property2-The French Regular military would lay down their arms and leave.3-The people could practice the R.C. religion, but the Bishop would have to leave. 4-The people who stayed would become British Subjects.
  • Royal Proclamation is put into place.

    Royal Proclamation is put into place.
    2-It gives the King’s new colony a name, The Province of Quebec1-It decreases the borders to just around the St-Lawrence river valley. (The rest would be known as Indian Territory)3- Put in place a civilian Government to run the new Colony: The King appointed a Governor who then appointed members of an Executive Council to advise him. 4- English Criminal and Civil laws were applied.5- Unused land would be divided by the Township System6-No new Bishop would be allowed7-No Roman Catholics
  • Québec Act is put into place.

    Québec Act is put into place.
    -Guarantees French Canadian loyalty -Enlarges the area of Quebec -Denied an elected assembly-Appointed council (min.17 members)-French civil laws were instated, tithe and seigniorial system are back-Test Act Oath Test Oath of Allegiance (swear to king you’re loyal, and could hold office)THIS MADE THE AMERICANS VERY UPSET
  • Declaration of Independance is sent to the King by the 13 colonies.

    Declaration of Independance is sent to the King by the 13 colonies.
  • American Revolution

    American Revolution
    The americans revolt againt Britain, to acheive independance
  • Treaty of Versailles

    Treaty of Versailles
    Peace agreement between the English and The Americans.
  • The Constitutional Act is put into place

    The Constitutional Act is put into place
    This seperated the territory into two: Upper Canada and Lower Canada. Lower Canada was almost entirely french, they kept their religion, civil laws and people could work in the administration. Upper Canada was almost entirely english, they kept their religion (protestant), they would use the township system and followed english civil laws. This also brought a change in the government, a representative government.
  • Steam power is invented by James Watt

    Steam power is invented by James Watt
  • Timber replacees fur as main export

    Timber replacees fur as main export
    This happened due to Britain's high demand for timber to buil their naval fleet.
  • The war of 1812

    The war of 1812
    The Americans were trading with the French. The British didn't like that so they decided to intercept all the american boats that were travelling to France. The Americans were furious so they attempted to attack Canada. This was the war of 1812. The fighting ended in a stale mate.
  • Steam power trains are built by Britain.

    Steam power trains are built by Britain.
  • Poor imigrants from Ireland immigrate to Canada.

    Poor imigrants from Ireland immigrate to Canada.
    This was because of the Great Potato Famine. Potatoes were their main source of nourishment and when the crops went bad they didn't have much food so they immigrated to Canada.
  • Two didstinct political parties are formed.

    Two didstinct political parties are formed.
    The two parties were: The British Party and le Parti Canadien.
  • Papineau writes the 92 resolutions.

    Papineau writes the 92 resolutions.
    These were demands that were sent to Parliament in England. The main demand was responsible government. Parliament (Russell) responded with the 10 resolutions, which solved nothing. They were seen as an insult and triggered many rebellions.
  • Canada builds their first railway system

    Canada builds their first railway system
  • Union Act

    Union Act
    This occured due to Lord Druham's reccomendations. He recomended for britain to increase immigration in order to assimilate the french, to unite both canadas (eng have majority) and that resoponsible government to be granted. Responsible government was not given in the act, but appeared later on in 1842 when the Prime Minister chooses the Exec. Council from the Assemble and when Govornor Elgin decided not to use his veto power in 1848.
  • Canada creates its own currency,

    Canada creates its own currency,
  • Seignuerial System is abolished

    Seignuerial System is abolished
  • Reciprocity Treaty is signed

    Reciprocity Treaty is signed
    Britain ended the free trade agreement so Canada was in desperate search for a new market. They found the States. This treat mean that the importing duties and taxes were temporarily abolished.