A disagreement on whether men should be conscripted to fight in the war. The country was split, as some parts of the country felt conscription was necessary, while the other thought otherwise. This caused a split in English-French relations as well.
Creation of the Union Nationale Party
Dark Era/Maurice Duplessis
Quebec Economy stagnant, Known for bribery and corruption. Led the Union Nationale Party and believed Quebec to be a distinct society.
World War Two Conscription Crisis
French-English relations strained once again, but not broken. Sense of unity still lingered in the country.
It was a period of socio-political and socio-cultural change in Quebec. It refers to the efforts of the liberal efforts of Jean Lesage and Robert Bourassa.
1960s Separatist Movement
Quebec wanted to seperate and become independent from the rest of Canada.
1962 Maitre Chez Nous (Jean Lesage, Liberal Party Campaign slogan)
Quebec wanted to encourage its citizens to feel more powerful, so as to encourage separatist ideals.
Bi& Bi Commission (Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism) investigationby Lester B. Pearson
It was a commission put in place by Pearson to "inquire into and report upon the existing state of bilingualism and biculturalism in Canada and to recommend what steps should be taken to develop the Canadian Confederation on the basis of an equal partnership between the two founding races, taking into account the contribution made by the other ethnic groups to the cultural enrichment of Canada and the measures that should be taken to safeguard that contribution".
Canada’s New Flag 1965
It was a flag designed to strengthen Canada's independence from Britain, and was asked to be a "distinctly Canadian flag".
Before this, British and northern European immigrants were preffered. After the change, all people immigrating to Canada were subject to the same rights.
Trudeau Becomes Prime Minister
Trudeau became PM in April 20, 1968, to 1979, and then again from 1980 to 1984. He was a liberal, and believed in strengthening Eng-Fr relations.
Official Languages Act passed, 1969
Canada officially became a bilingual country, with both English and French as its new official languages.
Front de liberation du Quebec LQ party is formed
Implementation of war measures act. The FLQ had stepped up their radical seperationist activity by kidnapping British diplomat John Cross. The FLQ woud only release Cross if FLQ prisoners were given amnesty for crimes against Canada.
FLQ Crisis (Oct 5, 1970) aka October Crisis,
Continuation of the FLQ formation. The War Measures Act was invoked by Trudeau, and the FLQ had no choice but to give up Cross. The kidnappers of Cross chose exile to Cuba rather than face interrogation in Quebec.
Policy of Multiculturalism 1971
Canada recognized the rights that everyone had to their own culture, language, and so on.
1974 Bill 22 introduced by Robert Bourassa
Robert Bourassa introduced Bill 22 making French the official language of Quebec (not a bi-ling province like other provinces).
Rationale: French birth rates were declining but immigration was increasing. Bourassa feared the disappearance of the French language.
1976 Immigration policy moves to ‘sponsorship program’
Families can now sponsor other families, meaning that you take responsibility for others i.e. paying their food, rent, etc. Until they get a job.
1976 Parti Quebecois wins provincial election on Quebec
PQ party is led by Renée Levesque and promises Quebec seperation by first holding a province-wide referendum on the issue.
1976 Bill 101 introduced by Parti Quebecois, Rene Levesque
The Parti Quebecois introduce Bill 101. Bill 101 was a bill that defined French as the official language of Quebec and framed fundamental language rights. The way this was different from 22, was that if you lived in Quebec, you had to change your language to French, and not speak English at all.
1977 Bill 101 passed
The bill was finally passed in 1977 despite protests from other provinces.
1980 Referendum on Sovereignty Association (include the results of the referendum)
Sovereignty Association(Levesques Prov Govt) - Levesque asked people to vote "yes" to negotiating a new agreement with Canada based on sovereign association. The prospect that Quebec coud become independent, yet maintain a close economic relationship with Canada "Maître chez-nous". Restult of Referendum: 40% yes, 60% no.
1982 Patriation of the Constitution
The Patriation of the Constitution took the British North America Act and took it from British power, and gave it to Canadian federal power, once again proving its strength from Britain.
1982 Constitution Act
The Constitution Act, 1982 enshrined the Charter of Rights and Freedoms in the Constitution, and completed the unfinished business of Canadian independence — allowing Canadians to amend their own Constitution without requiring approval from Britain.
Brian Mulroney becomes Prime Minister
Martin Brian Mulroney, PC, CC, GOQ, lawyer, businessman, politician, prime minister of Canada 1984 to 1993 (born 20 March 1939 in Baie-Comeau, QC).
1987 Reform Party Created
The party's platform included traditional prairie populist reform panaceas such as free trade and direct democracy (referendums, initiatives and recall), and some contemporary proposals such as the Triple-E (equal, elected and effective) Senate.
Bloc Quebecois Formed 1987
The Bloc Québécois is a federal political party that was created officially on 15 June 1991 (registered by Elections Canada on 11 September 1993). It currently runs candidates in 75 Québec ridings.
Meech Lake Accord 1987
In 1987 the Progressive Conservative government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney attempted to win Québec's consent to the revised Canadian Constitution — following the Québec government's rejection of it in 1981.
1990 Meech Lake Accord
On a Sunday evening, June 3, 1990, Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and the ten provincial premiers marked the third anniversary of the Meech Lake Accord at a dinner in the architectural splendour of the Canadian Museum of Civilization in Hull, Quebec.
1992 Charlottetown Accord
The Charlottetown Accord of 1992 was a failed, joint attempt by the government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and all 10 provincial premiers to amend the Canadian Constitution, specifically to obtain Quebec's consent to the Constitution Act of 1982.
1994 Parti Quebecois returned to power
The Parti Quebecois once again won in Quebec.
30 Oct 1995 2nd Referendum on Sovereignty Association
Held on 30 October 1995, the referendum on Québec sovereignty was settled by a narrow victory for the “No” camp — as had been the case in the 1980 referendum.
1998 Clarity Bill and the Supreme Court decision
Bill C-20, the bill known as the Clarity Act gives effect to the requirement for clarity set out by the Supreme Court of Canada in the Québec Secession Reference