The first phase of industrialisation is from roughly 1870 to 1900. During this phase, production moves from skilled craftsmen increasingly towards factories, assembly lines and mass production. Many new industries develop, like textiles, food processing, wood, etc. Many people began leaving the countryside and moving into the cities in search for work. This is called urbanization. The working conditions in the cities however were atrocious. Women were also employed but given the worst jobs.