Canadahist

Term 1 History Timeline

  • Period: Jan 1, 1500 to

    Timespan of CAD history term1

    Total History time span of term 1, MOD 1,2
  • Aug 30, 1500

    The first European contact

    The first European contact
    This was the first time the Europeans came to North America
  • Sep 4, 1500

    Cabral sailed to Brazil from Portugal

    Cabral sailed to Brazil from Portugal
    Cabral, from Portugal sailed to Brazil!
  • Sep 4, 1513

    Balboa landed in Central America

    Balboa landed in Central America
    He crossed land to see the Pacitic Ocean.
  • Sep 4, 1519

    Magellan, first to circle the earth

    Magellan, first to circle the earth
    He was the one who proved that the earth is round. (1519-1522)
  • Sep 4, 1534

    Jacques Cartier

    Jacques Cartier
    His first voyage out of 3, to explore the canadian coast and he sailed into the interior. Explored and mapped the Gulf of St-Lawrence, reported what he thought was gold but lots of fish, timber, and furs.
  • Sep 4, 1535

    Jacques Cartier PT2

    Jacques Cartier PT2
    His second voyage out of 3, to explore the canadian coast and he sailed into the interior. Sailed up the St-Lawrence, reached Stadacona (Quebec). Nice natives showed Europeans how to survive winter and scurvy. They return with native captives (incl. Chief Donacona)
  • Sep 4, 1541

    Jacques Cartier Pt3

    Jacques Cartier Pt3
    His third and las voyage to explore the canadian coast and he sailed into the interior. Attemped to set up a colony (not successful). Missionaries attempted to convert natives. France lost interest for 60yrs.
  • the king sent a first voyage-settlement

    the king sent a first voyage-settlement
    The king first sent a voyage in 1605 to establish a settlement in Nova Scotia called Port Royal.
  • Champlain's Return!

    Champlain's Return!
    to establish a trading post near Stadacona, a point were the river narrows.
  • Laviolette

    Laviolette
    He is the founder of Trois-Riviers.
  • Jeanne Mance

    Jeanne Mance
    Founder of l’hotel Dieu. First hospital in montreal.
  • King Louis the 14th

    King Louis the 14th
    He took control of France for himself. He had two objectives: settle wars in Europe, and take command of his colonies.
  • Maisonneuve

    Maisonneuve
    He is the founder of Montreal. Also called Villa-maria, (indian name hochelaga)
  • Marguerite Bourgeoys

    Marguerite Bourgeoys
    Establishes first school, also congrégation Notre-Dame.
  • Royal Gouvernment

    Royal Gouvernment
    Jean-Baptiste Colbert and Louis XIV decided to implement the Royal Government in 1663.
  • Period: to

    The rapid increase of population (NF)

    Here is what they did to increase the population:
    - Files de roi- Bonuses and fines- Land distribution- Fathers of unmarried girls paid fines. Bachelors over 21 paid fines all with the hopes to increase the population. The population did increase rapidly 1663 →3,000ppl 1760→70,000ppl
  • Lasalle

    Lasalle
    He was a great French explorer. He claimed the Mississippi river.
  • Treaty of Ryswick

    Treaty of Ryswick
    -The First Intercolonial War→Ends with the Treaty of Ryswick 1697
  • Treaty of Utrecht

    Treaty of Utrecht
    -The Second Intercolonial War→Ends with the Treaty of Utrecht 1713
  • the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle

    the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle
    The Third Intercolonial War→Ends with the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle 1748
  • The Seven Years War (1756-1763)

    The Seven Years War (1756-1763)
    The Four Intercolonial War (a.k.a. the 7yrs War) is more complicated and requires further analyses The Seven Years War (1756-1763)
  • Battle on the Plains of Abraham

    Battle on the Plains of Abraham
    7yrs War 1756-63…the 4th Inter-colonial WarBattle on the Plains of Abraham (1759)→ Wolf (Eng.) vs. Montcalm (Fr.) both Generals die, English win, Quebec falls, any remaining French troops retreat to Montreal, where the will shortly give up (Capitulate) 1760. The fighting will continue in Europe for another 3 yrs.
  • inhabitants in NF and 13 colonies

    inhabitants in NF and 13 colonies
    By 1760 New France had 70,000 ppl and 13 Colonies 1 500,000 ppl
  • ARTICLES OF CAPITUALTION

    ARTICLES OF CAPITUALTION
    ARTICLES OF CAPITUALTION(1760) and it stated:1. The French Militia could return home, no one would lose their property2. The French Regular military would lay down their arms and leave.3. The people could practice the R.C. religion, but the Bishop would have to leave. 4. The people who stayed would become British Subjects.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    1763 Treaty of Paris→ 7rys war ends. All the Territory known as New France is given to the King of England except two small Islands, (St.Pierre, Miquelon)
  • james murray

    james murray
    French were lucky to have him, however the British merchants were fed up of his policies and Murray was recalled in 1766.
  • Guy Carleton

    Guy Carleton
    Quickly he adopts the same attitude as the first Governor “To the end of time, this colony will be peopled by the Canadian Race”Since this is the case you might as well make them happy, and he could also gain their loyalty (Because of the Americans). This lead to the creation of the Quebec Act 1774
  • American Revolution Begins 1776

    American Revolution Begins 1776
    REACTIONS TO THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION-Before the revolution had begun the Americans had asked the Canadiens to join in their cause against the British but because of all the assurances they received in the Quebec Act they said NO.-As a reaction to that the Americans attacked the Province of Quebec several times. (Once even capturing Montreal) -The British final defeat was in Yorktown 1781, and a peace treaty was signed in 1783 (Treaty of Versailles) -The British then accepted the United State
  • The constitutional act

    The constitutional act
    The province of Quebec reformed the government to accommodate the 10000 English Speaking settlers. United Empire Loyalists, they arrived from America after the American revolution.
  • THE WAR OF 1812

    THE WAR OF 1812
    -The Americans were now free from the British since 1783-The British were still upset about losing their colonies to the south-Since their arrival the Loyalists had feared an American invasion.RESULTS: -The fighting ends in Stalemate (neither side won)-Boosts the Canadian economy (Britain needed trade)-Loyalists and Canadians felt safe under British-People still feared American Expansion
  • 92 Resolutions

    92 Resolutions
    The leader of the Patriotes was Louis Joseph Papineau, and in 1834 he wrote 92 Resolutions (a list of the assemblies demands) their main demand was for Responsible Government (for the members of the councils to be selected from the elected assembly) and the government made up by the people would be responsible for its decisions.
  • Act of Union (the 4th constitution)

    Act of Union (the 4th constitution)
  • Canada is first considered a country

    Canada is first considered a country
    This is the first time Canada is able to be considered a country.
    *YAY GOOD JOB CANADA!*