Official power and countervailing powers

  • Apr 29, 1500

    Natives

    Natives
    -Iroquois and Algonkians
  • Period: Apr 29, 1500 to

    Official power and countervailing powers

  • Apr 29, 1520

    Iroquois

     Iroquois
    -Society was a Matriarchy.
    -Leadership and decision making was the responsibility of women.
    -Women where the heads of the clan.
  • Apr 29, 1540

    Algonkians

    Algonkians
    -Society was a Patriarchy.
    -Father played vital leadership role.
  • French Regime

    French Regime
    1608-1760
  • Relations Between Ameriandien and colonial administration

    Relations Between Ameriandien and colonial administration
    -Alliance with Hurons and Algonquoins
    -Natives helped in them with trade
    -Engilsh fought with iroquoi against the french and hurons for control of the fur trade
    -Huron where almost wiped out
  • Church and State

    Church and State
    -Clergy was everywhere (Priests in charge of parishes (cure) Priests working as missionaries, nun working in hospitals.
    -Church is implicated in political decisions (Sovereign Council).
  • Starting of the Royal Government

    Starting of the Royal Government
    -King had all the power (Divine right of kings).
    -Old system the companies who held a monopoly were almost destroying New France.
    -King ended that and put New France under the minister of marine (Jean-Baptiste Colbert) Him and Louis 14 then implemented a new government.
  • The Royal Government.

    The Royal Government.
    -Louis 14 and Jean-Baptiste Colbert Implemented it.
    -The Sovereign Council now ran new France.
    -Governor commander of army, defence, dealt with external affairs, had veto power (English colonies, Natives).
    -Intendant chief administrator, controlled budget, collecting taxes, justice, seigniorial system, built roads, set up industries.
    -Bishop appointed by the Pope,administered over Parish Priests, hospitals, schools, charities.
    -King still had veto power on all decisions.
  • Life in New France

    Life in New France
    -Hard working (worked all day) but almost always had food to eat.
    -Settlers where self dependent.
  • The Great Peace of Montreal

    The Great Peace of Montreal
    -Was a treaty between New France and 40 first nation of North America.
    -Louis-Hector de Callière, governor of New France, and 1300 representatives of 40 aboriginal nations signed the treaty.
    -16 years of peaceful relations and trade before war started again.
  • Articles of Capitualtion

    Articles of Capitualtion
    -The French Militia went home, no one would lose their property
    The French Profefianal military would give up there weaponds and leave
    -The Biship left
    -Everyone there would be British Subjects.
  • British Regime

    British Regime
    -1760-1867
  • British Military Rule

    British Military Rule
    -James Murray.
    -War was over in New France but not in Europe (7 years war).
    -Waited until war ended in Europe to put in a constitution.
    -Treaty of paris ending the 7 year war gave all of New France to The -British except the islands of miquelon and st. Pierre.
  • Royal Proclamation

    Royal Proclamation
    -to assimulate the french
    -The province of quebec was the new name
    -decreases the borders to just around the St-Lawrence river valley.
    -The King appointed a Governor who then appointed members of an Executive Council to advise him.
    - English Criminal and Civil laws were applied.
    - Unused land would be divided by the Township System
    -No new Bishop would be allowed
    -No Roman Catholics could hold public office (Test Act)
  • Governors difficulties

    Governors difficulties
    -James Murray was the first governor (he knew it would be hard to assimilate the french because they where the majority.
    -To make the french happy he:- brought a new bishop,-applied the french civil laws,- allowed french laws in court,-did not call an elected assembly.
    -Brought in Guy Carleton and he felt the same way about assimilating the french.
  • Quebec Act

    Quebec Act
    -Implemented to make the french and english happy in Quebec.
    -Enlarges the area of Quebec.
    -Appointed council (min.17 members).
    -French civil laws were instated, tithe and seigniorial system are back.
    -This made the americans very made.
  • Population in Quebec

    Population in Quebec
    -After in American revolution the loyalist came to quebec
    -increase of population of english in quebec 1% to 10%
    -they sent petitions to london because they didnt like all the french rules
    -they got there wish with the The Constitutional Act
  • The Constitutional Act

    The Constitutional Act
    -The Province of Quebec was split in two Upper Canada and Lower Canada.
    -Lower Canada was French (160 000 people).
    -Upper Canada was English (20,000 people).
    -The Ottawa River would be the boundary between them.
    -The each had there own civil laws.
  • Representative Government

    Representative Government
    -King at the top then British Parliament followed by the governor who had veto power.
    -Each Canada had Lieutenant Governor,Executive Council,Legislative Council,Legislative Assembly, population.
  • Rebellion

    Rebellion
    -Constitutional goverment had lots of flas one being that the population had no real power
    -two parties formed (British Party Controlled the councils, spent money on public works) and the (Parti Canadian (Parti Patriote): Controlled the assembly, power over taxes)
  • Rebelion continuation

    Rebelion continuation
    -The two groups were so different no negotiations could occur.
    The assembly wanted the councils to be elected. More and more immigrants were arriving making land/jobs scarce.
    -The leader of the Patriotes was Louis Joseph Papineau he wrote 92 Resolutions (a list of the assemblies demands) their main demand was for Responsible Government.
    -Lord John Russell responded with the 10 Resolutions(didn't respond to any of there demands).
  • Rebellion continued

    Rebellion continued
    -Rebellion broke out in both Canada’s.
    -Upper Canada’s Rebellion was lead by William Lyon Mackenzie and quickly ended.
    -Lower Canada’s Rebellion was lead by Louis Joseph Papineau and after many battles the rebellion was put down.
    -In the end 12 Patriotes and 58 were exiled to Australia.
  • Act of Union

    Act of Union
    -Was created because of Lord Durham’s Recommendations-Creates the Prov. of Canada, Canada East and West.
    -Canada east and west each had 42 members to its assembly.
    -Canada east and west would equally pay for Canada’s debts (Canada West owed 10 times more than East).
    -Still responsible gov with governor had veto power but many elected not to use it.
  • The Charlottetown Conference

    The Charlottetown Conference
    -Political system was responsible.
    -No party had majority so no laws could applied.
    -The party leaders agreed a merger was necessary.
    -Leaders of Canada East and West meet with the leaders of three Maritime Provinces (NB,NS,PEI).
    -They left considering a merger.
  • The Quebec Conference

    The Quebec Conference
    -Same members as the last conference with the addition of Nfld They agreed on 72 resolutions that would make the merger possible.
    -The major who was build a railway through the colony.
    -Nfld and PEI didn't join.
    -The assembly of the Canada’s passed confederation.
  • The London conference

    The London conference
    -The 4 colonies went to London to get out of the British Empire to become a new self governing colony.
    -Called the dominican of Canada.
    -Capital was Ottawa.
    -(ONT, QC, NB, NS) was the provinces.
  • Contemporary Period

    Contemporary Period
    -1867 -Present
  • The Roman Catholic Church

    The Roman Catholic Church
    -Controled education,hospitals and welfare plus orphanage
    -It was also influential in government, unions and the caisses populaires
    -promoted large families, rural life, and Christian values.
  • Maurice Duplessis

    Maurice Duplessis
    -believe that the state should  
not intervene in either the social or economic 
sectors he favored the church
    -promoted traditional values for example he pushed for more people to move to rural areas
    -he didnt like unions
    -he was a natiolist
    -adopting the fleurdelisé as Quebec's flag
  • Quiet revolution

    Quiet revolution
    -Make the government the major force behind Quebec's social and economic development.
    -Modernize Quebec's educational system and to allow it to catch up to the other provinces in Canada.
    -To weaken the influence of the Church.
    -Period of modernization
  • Seperatiste

    Seperatiste
    -Some nationalist if not most in Quebec wanted to separate from Canada.
    -Rene Levesque created the Parti Quebecois whose main objected was to separate from Canada.
  • Oka Crisis

    Oka Crisis
    -Oka Crisis
    -Mohawk made road blocks on their reserve in Oka because the government wanted to build a golf cource on sacred ground.
    - lasted 78 days
    -The Charlottetown Accord was created to deal with these issues.