Max's History Timeline

  • Jan 1, 1500

    The Iroquois and Algonquins live peacefully in North America

    The Iroquois and Algonquins live peacefully in North America
    Two different groups of Amerindians share the territory wenow call Canada. The Iroquois were sedentary and had semi permanent settlements while the Algonquins were nomadic and always on the move.
  • Aug 1, 1515

    The Ottoman Turks are in control

    The Ottoman Turks are in control
    In Europe, the Ottoman Turks block the land route from Europe to India which forces the colonies to take boats and try and go around. WHich eventually leads to the discovery of North America
  • Jan 1, 1519

    Magellan tours the world

    Magellan tours the world
    Magellan becomes the first man to circle earth and prove our planet is round.
  • Jan 1, 1530

    Water travel becomes easier

    Water travel becomes easier
    The big colonies in Europe invented items like the compass, caravels, astrolabes and muskets and cannons. These inventions made water travel much easier.
  • Jan 1, 1534

    Jacques Cartier arrives in Canada

    Jacques Cartier arrives in Canada
    The french explorer travels from France and arrives in the St-Lawrence river on a mission for the king.
  • Samuel de Champlain the father of New France

    Samuel de Champlain the father of New France
    Samuel de Champlain, the french navigator founded the first permanent settlement in America called New France
  • Louis XIV begins his reign in France

    Louis XIV  begins his reign in France
    Louis XIV begins his reign is the king of France. He played a large. He wanted complete control of his colonies in North America like New France. By takig control he stopped the mercantilism of the companies and he brought in the first gouvernment the colonies ever hd. It was called the royal gouvernment.
  • Royal Government becomes the first government of New France

    Royal Government becomes the first government of New France
    The royal goverment gets put into place in France's american colony. The government incudes the king at the top of the hierarchy. Followed by the governor who took care of the army and defenses. The intendant which controlled taxes and finances. And finally the bishop who was appointed by the pope and took care of schools and hospitals.
  • Jean Talon increases immigration in New-France

    Jean Talon increases immigration in New-France
    Jean Talon was the first intendan5t of New France. The king wanted to increase th population of New France so he appointed Jean Talon to the job. Jean Talon implemented various measures like the Filles de Roy and the birth incentives. He succesfully did his job.
  • The Peace Treaty of Montreal is signed

    The Peace Treaty of Montreal is signed
    The wars between the French and the Iroquois "Five nations" considerably slow decrease when the French got the Iroquois to sign the pece treaty of Montreal.. This gave a certain level of security for New France
  • Period: to

    TheSeven Years War

    There were numerous wars that took place during this span of time which included the French vs. English. The wars occured in North Amreica and in Europe. The english won this war and conquered New France.
  • Battle of the Plains of Abraham takes place

    Battle of the Plains of Abraham takes place
    Wolf (english) vs. Montcalm (french) battle on the plains in the fight for the future of canada. The nglish win the battle in Quebec while both generals died. The French lost becuase they were vastly outnumbered and were focused more on the european wars.
  • Life in New France is transforming

    Life in New France is transforming
    New France wasn't really developing so habitants become more self-dependent. They would do agriculture for themsleves and lie for themselves aswell. Around ths time settlers started to become there distinct people, called the canadiens.
  • The articles of Capitualtion are set

    The articles of Capitualtion are set
    The following rules were implemented
    1. The French Militia could return home, no one would lose their property
    2. The French Regular military would lay down their arms and leave.
    3. The people could practice the R.C. religion, but the Bishop would have to leave.
    4. The people who stayed would become British Subjects.
  • James Murray changes up the Royal Proclamation

    James Murray changes up the Royal Proclamation
    James Murray, the governor of Quebec changed the rules because 99% of the population ws french therefore the laws needed to be suitable for them. Murray, allows french laws in low courts, he brings back the bishop, and he did not call an elected assembly.
  • Quebec Act is created

    Quebec Act is created
    The Quebec Governor, Guy Cartleton creates the Quebec Act. This constitution fvors the french. The civil laws are now from the french, the seignorial system returns and the assembly is now chosen by the governor. Quebec is also enlargened as a territory.
  • American Revolution begins

    American Revolution begins
    Egland was charging the 13 colonies plenty taxes to pay off the money they spent on the wrs. EVentually the americans got fed up and decided to begin a revolution against england.
  • America becomes it's own country

    The treaty of Versailles was signed by the British and declared America as it's own country.
  • The american loyalists come to Canada

    The american loyalists come to Canada
    Loyalists were americans who were loyal to Britain so they moved to Canada when America became independent.
    36,000 moved to Canada ( most settled west)
    6,000 moved to Quebec ( most settled west of mtl)
    The english population of Quebec increased from 1 to 10 %
  • Constitutional Act set in Canada

    Constitutional Act set in Canada
    Canada was divied into upper ( english) and lower ( french) Canada. Ottawa river was the boundary between them. A representative government was in place
    King
    British Parliament
    Governor : appointed by parliament
    Lieutenant governor: acted as deputy governor
    Executive council: advised governor
    Legislative council: appointed, approved and rejected laws
    Legislative Assembly: had the power to disaprove taxes and create laws
    Ordnary people finally had a say as long as you were land owning man over 21
  • War of 1812 puts Canada vs America

    War of 1812 puts Canada vs America
    The results of the war between Canada and America
    -The fighting ends in Stalemate (neither side won)
    -Boosts the Canadian economy (Britain needed trade)
    -Loyalists and Canadians felt safe under British
    -People still feared American Expansion
  • A new main export in Canada

    A new main export in Canada
    Timbers value increase by 1300% and it along with wheat become the main export in Canada. Canadas preffered trading partner is Britain.
  • Population changes occur

    Population changes occur
    Many people wre moving to North America in search of a better life. Plenty of Irish were forced to move to Canda because they had gone starving because of the irish potato famine. Most immigrants moved to Lower Cnada making it a larger population then upper Canada
  • Urbanisation is beginning

    Urbanisation is beginning
    Due to infertile soil, farmers were having trouble harvesting. So many people left to towns in order to get different jobs at factories.
  • Rebellion rising up in Canada

    Rebellion rising up in Canada
    The assembly had no real power in the representative government. This made the french frustrated and they started thinking about a rebellion. This rebel group was know as the patriotes. The leader of this rebel group was Louis-Joseph Papineau, he wrote the 92 resolutions. The patriotes did win one battle before getting put down in St- Eustache.
  • Railway system comes to Canada

    Railway system comes to Canada
    Because of steam power, Canad built its first railwa system from Laprairie to Saint-Jean. This allwoed for much faster transportation
  • Lord Durham analyzes Canada

    Lord Durham analyzes Canada
    Lord Durham was sent to Canada to figure out a solution to assimilate the french. He came up with some recomondations.
    - The british should increse their immigration
    - Canada should become united as one
    - Responsible government should be granted to eliminate veto power
  • Act of Union is created

    Act of Union is created
    WIth this 4th comstitution, the Province of Canada is created and it consists of Cnada East and Canada West.
    -Each of these region had 42 members in the assembly
    -The governor still had veto power
    -East and West would work together to pay Canadas debts.
  • Responsible government is adopted

    Responsible government is adopted
    8 years after the asct of Union, responsible government is adopted in the united Canadas. With this government the people would now elect for ther leg. assembly, and the laws had to be approved by the assembly. The governor andlegislative council were still appointed but did not intervene
  • Reciprocity treaty with the U.SA is signed

    Reciprocity treaty with the U.SA is signed
    After Britain ended its preferential trade with Canada, we needed a new traqding partner. We turned towards the U.S.A and signed a treaty with them.