Canada flag halifax 9  04

Danica Rossi -History Timeline

By _danr
  • Period: Oct 30, 1000 to


    There were 2 main Amerindian groups, Iroquois and Algonkians. Both groups focused on different tasks and had different lifestyles. Iroquois were sedentary and focused on agriculture, while the algonkians hunted their food and were nomadic. They believed in spirits, an animist religion. They believed that everything had a spirit and would not let anything go to waste.(ex: bones for tools, skin for clothes).
  • Oct 30, 1500

    Europeans Arrive- Explorations begin

    Europeans Arrive- Explorations begin
    The Europeans arrive in North America to begin their explorations. They were interested in explorations for MONEY. New inventions to help make their traveling easier.
  • Oct 30, 1534

    Jacques Cartier- 1st Voyage

    Jacques Cartier- 1st Voyage
    Explored and mapped the gulf of St Lawrence reported what he thought was gold but lots of fish, timber, and furs.
  • Oct 30, 1535

    Jacques Cartier- 2nd Voyage

    Jacques Cartier- 2nd Voyage
    Sailed up the St-Lawrence, reached Stadacona (Quebec). Nice natives showed Europeans how to survive winter and scurvy. They return with native captives (
  • Oct 30, 1541

    Jacques Cartier- 3rd Voyage

    Jacques Cartier- 3rd Voyage
    Attemped to set up a colony (not successful). Missionaries attempted to convert natives. France lost interest for 60yrs.
  • Period: to

    13 Colonies

    British set up 13 new colonies
    Fur Trade developed
    Coureurs des bois are formed
    Voyageurs are formed
    Establising New Settlements
  • Port Royal

    Port Royal
    The king first sent a voyage in 1605 to establish a settlement in Nova Scotia called Port Royal.Port Royal failed because of its position
  • Period: to


    Champlain returned in 1608-09 to establish a trading post near Stadacona (Quebec), a point where the river narrows. To trade furs with the natives.
    Later grew into a colony-New France
  • Maisonneuve

    establishes Montreal. it’s deep inside Iroquois territory, established to try and convert natives. It’s called Ville-Marie
  • King Louis 14th

    King Louis 14th
    he took control of France for himself. He had two objectives: settle wars in Europe, and take command of his colonies.
  • Royal Gouverment

    Royal Gouverment
    Jean-Baptiste Colbert and Louis decided to implement Royal Government in 1663
    The council was made up of the following members:GovernorIntendantBishop Seigniorial system
    purpose of this new system was to entice new settlers to come to New France and keep them organized
  • Jean Talon

    Jean Talon
    Was brought to develop france- Population wise.
    Soldiers were offered free land if they agreed to stay in N.F. after their service was doneMinor criminalsFiles du roi- qucikly married
    Payments were also given to couples who married young,Fathers of unmarried girls paid fines.
    Increased Rapidly
    Bachelors over 21 paid fines all with the hopes to increase the population.
  • Period: to

    The Seven Years War - Europe

    New France never stood a chance at defeating the 13 colonies. Britain had more sea power, and could easily sent troops/supplies. France was focused on the war in Europe.
    English Won
  • Period: to

    The Seven Years War- North America

    Englsh Vs. FrenchOn the battlefield the English numbered about 3,000, the French nearly 4,000The battle last about an hour.Quebec is capitulated, English Win
    Seven Years War ends in North America
  • Articles of Capitulation

    Articles of Capitulation
    a document was signed giving the terms under which the French would surrender.
  • Canadien

    In New France the people were very autonomous and by 1760 grew to become a distinct set of people called Canadien
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    Treaty of Paris ends the 7 years war
    All the Territory known as New France is given to the King of England except two small Islands, (St.Pierre, Miquelon)
    Lead to the Royal Proclamation
  • Royal Proclamation

    Royal Proclamation
    The Royal Proc. Had a goal to control and assimilate the French in Quebec,
  • James Murray and Guy Carleton

    Saw that the Royal Proclamation was unworkable - 1% eng 99% French
    Bent the rules
    Tolerant to French
    English merchants report him to king
    Replaced by Guy Carleton
    Had same thoughts as Murray
  • Quebec Act

    Quebec Act
    This act was put in place to guarantee French Canadian loyalty.French laws, test act oath. Enlarged quebec territory.
    Americans become upset
  • American Revolution

    American Revolution
    Americans were upset = Revolted (attacked colonies)
  • Treaty of Versailles

    Treaty of Versailles
    Ended the revolution
    The British then accepted the United States as an independent country.The fur trade which had been located largely in south of the Great Lakes had to relocate. Now had to move towards the Northwest this meant much longer journeys for les voyageurs
    Loyalists- moved
  • The Constitutional Act

    The Constitutional Act
    Lower and Upper Canada
    Both had different laws to suit the people who lived there.
    Change in gouverment= Representatve Gouverment
    Worked well for English, French were having problems
  • Period: to

    Period of Change

    Trade,Transportation,Population changes.
  • The War of 1812

    The War of 1812
    Britain was at war with Napoleon
    British army seized any American ships suspected of trading with France and forced their crew to serve in the British military
    Neither side won
  • Immigration from Ireland

    Immigration from Ireland
    Irish Potato Famine. The Irish were forced to find somewhere new to live and many came to North America in search of a better way of life.
  • Growing Discontent in Lower Canada

    British Party
    Parti Canadien
    The two groups were so different no negotiations could occur.
  • 92 Resolutions

    92 Resolutions
    Louis Papineau demanded for a Responsible Gouverment
    Got sent back 10 Resolutions which didn't solve anything
    Rebellions then took place
  • Results of Rebellions

    Results of Rebellions
    Lord Durham sent to Canada and makes recommendations.
    Britain should increase immigration in order to assimilate the French.The two Canada’s should be united
    Responsible Government should be granted to eliminate veto power.
  • Act of Union

    Act of Union
    Creates the Prov of Canada consisting of Canada East and West Canada east and west each had 42 members to its assemblyGovernor still had control and veto powerCanada east and west would equally pay for Canada’s debts
  • Lord Elgin

    Lord Elgin
    First prime minister to not use veto power
    adapts responsible gouverment
  • Reciprocity Treaty

    Reciprocity Treaty
    America promised and signed to be trading partners for 10 years with Canada.
  • Developed Responsible Government

    Developed Responsible Government
    Moderate and Radical
    Parti Rouge
    Clear Grits
    Manifest Destiny
    Reciprocity Treaty was ending
    timber=replaced by iron
  • Period: to


    no one could agree on who should be in charge
    The Charlottetown Conference
    The Quebec Conference
    The London Conference
  • Canada

    Canada becomes a confederation
    Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Ontatio, Quebec
  • Period: to


    Modernization of agriculture and transportation. (New Railways and Trading with Agricultural Products)
    Grand Trunk Railway-Intercolonial Railway-Canadian Pacific Railway
    Population Changes
    Hard Working & Living Conditions
    Role of Women= Hard Lives
    Influence of Church
  • Manitoba

    Manitoba becomes a province of Canada
  • North West Territories

    Becomes apart of Canada.
    Was brought from HBC
  • British Columbia

    British Columbia becomes a Canadian province
    Joined in return for railway completion
  • Prince Edward Island

    Becomes a province of Canada
    It was in serious debt, joined to save economy
  • National Policy

    Program set by John A Macdonald to increase the economy.
    Promote national unity
    3 main ideas: Increase Custom Duties,Build Railways,Encourage Immigration
  • Saskatchewan

    Saskatchewan becomes a Canadian province
  • Period: to

    World War 1

    nationalist or imperialist played a great role in the conflict
    As men went to war, women stepped up and worked in the factories. Women also saw armed service as nurses.
    Women obtain the right for Federal Vote
    Leads to Post economic boost
  • Period: to

    Post Economic Boost

    Huge boost in population
    Because they didn't lose much money during the war:
    The Second phase of Industrialization begun=natural resources are exploitedMany new factories opened
    New railways are built
  • Roaring 20's

    People demanding high amounts of items=Too many items leftover
    Leads to Great Depression
  • The Great Depression

    Post Economic Boom comes to an end
    The stock market crash crash was the causePeople were buying shares in companies on borrowed money, when debts were called in the stocks went down
    -Most sectors of the economy were hit hard -Massive lay offs-Families bought as little as possible
    Gouverment makes solutions
    The Great Depression led to a new theory and way of thinking for the gouverment=No more Capitalism New theories:
    Black Thursday=Stocks dropped below 0
  • Statute of Westminister

    Gave Federal Goverment powers over Foreign Affairs
  • PadLock Law

    was passed originally to eliminate communist activists and sympathizers.
    Put lock on company,
    ock people out to see who breaks down first= Employees either need $ or company will shut down, therefore 1 side will break down first
  • Period: to

    World War 2

    Canada adopts War Mode
    Different attitude towards the war than WW1
    Canada are independant=Decide to go to war on their own(Statute)
    Deal with War Time Issues
    Women get Provincial Vote
    Differences between WW1 and WW2
  • Period: to

    Maurice Duplessis

    Kept the major traditional events involved:
    The Roman Catholic Church Idealization of rural life
    Role of the State (government)
    Founded the Union National party
    2 groups challenged the traditions:
    Union leaders Intellectuals and Journalists
  • Americanization of life

    period of economic prosperity to North America.
    American capital promoted the individual and material comfort.
  • Period: to

    Population Growth

    increased immigration from Europe after the war and a high birth rate.
    135, 000 infants are born each year on average in Quebec.
    This phenomenon is known as the baby boom
  • Quebec Flag

    Duplessis adopts the fleurdelisé as Quebec's flag
  • Newfoundland

    Becomes a province of Canada
    Joined up for economic reasons
  • The Asbestos strike

    pitted workers against the state and company
    It is often seen as a turning point in organizing opposition to Duplessis
  • Opposition

    Maurice Duplessis refused federal subsidies
    He also opposed federal allowance payments to Quebec families
  • Income Tax

    Duplessis introduces a provincial income tax
  • Agricultural Changes

    rural electrification
    90 % of the farms had electricity.
    Farm credit was offered to farmers who wanted to buy new equipment
  • Quiet Revolution

    3 main features:
    To make the Quebec goverment the major force behind Quebec's social and economic developmenTo modernize Quebec's educational system To weaken the influence of the Church