History

History 414 (Modual 5-7)

  • Period: to

    The change of canada

    Abc, easy as 123, do re mi
  • Charlottetown Conference

    Leaders of Canada East/West meet with the leaders of three Maritime Provinces (NB, NS, PEI), they left the meetings agreeing to consider a merger.
  • Quebec Conference

    Same members of last time (+ Nfld.) They agreed on 72 resolutions that would make the merger possible…
    A federal system
    24 seats to each colony (total 72 seats)
    Assembly elected by “rep by pop”
    Build a railway between colonies
  • O Canada

    Canada on July 1st 1867.Containing 4 Prov. (ONT, QC, NB, NS)
    Federal Government had certain responsibilities as did the Provinces.
    Immigration and agriculture were shared responsibilities between the federal and provincial governments.
    The federal government could also disallow any provincial law if it felt it was not in Canada's interest.
  • Mommy & Daddy

    the 4 colonies meet to make arrangement to release from the British Empire to become a new “self-governing” colony. THE DOMINION OF CANADA! With its capital of Ottawa was created under the British North America Act. (BNAA)
  • The Boer War

    Because of the English population, Canadians supported Brits in the Boer War, and in naval construction.
    From 1880-1881 & 1899-1902
  • 'ISM!

    Imperialism: Loyal to your monarch. They would identifie themselves with their monther country, ie English Canadians calling themselves British.
    Nationalism: Loyal to your Country. they would identifie themselves with theu current country. ie French Canadians called themselves Canadians.
  • World War I

    World War One (1914-1918)
    Germany invaded neutral Belgium and thus larger allies such as Britain and France got involved.
    Britain goes to war so does Canada, because Canada is an ally of England.
  • Angry French and Participation

    By 1917 there were less volunteers and Conscription (Mandatory involvement, any who are fit, must participate) was implemented.
    This angered the French.
  • Womens Rights

    Women obtain the right to vote in Federal election. First only family to forces members 1917, then all in 1918.
  • The RETURN

    Soldiers are cokming home from war. They haven't seen their wives or girlfriends in a long time, they have the *chika chika bang bang* and 9 months later, the population rises. **THIS IS NOT THE BABY BOOM**
  • League of Nations

    -Canada gets involved in the peace talks 1919 at Versailles, also recognized independently when the League of Nations
  • Stock Market Crash

    People were buying shares in companies on borrowed money, when debts were called in the stocks plummeted!
    "Black Thursday”-- Stocks dropped below zero, people were ruined, and many committed suicide.
  • More "ISM"

    Capitalism: market would rely on free competition, demand/supply sets the prices of goods.
    Communism: The gouvernment controls and owns everything. Everyone is equal and set wages & prices for everything.
    Socialism: The State would intervene. Key industries and social services operated by the State.
    Facism: Dictator. Rule through force & propoganda. Effected in Spain, Italy (Musollini) and Germany (Hitler)
  • The Great Depression

    The 1930’s are characterized as the Great Depression.There was little to no money for most. Families spent as little as possible. Massive lay-offs occured (Losing their job).
  • A statue thats not a statue

    Statute of Westminster (1931) Canada is now in charge of all internal and external matters except highest court is the Privy Council, and changes to the BNA act must be made in Britain
  • Solution!?

    Government Solutions:
    -Public works projects to boost economy (Government will have jobs so that some had jobs to live)
    -Work Camps (live in a camp, had income from jobs)
    -Direct Aid
    -Encouraged Farming
    USA President Franklin Roosevelt proposed his “New Deal” policy. This was latter mimicked by The Canadian Prime Minister Bennett
  • World War II

    Canada Join because we wanted to!
    Brought the end to the Great Depression. There was post war prosperity
    The Federal Government took more power.
    Women's participation was increased.
    There we two types of population increase: The Baby Boom! and the immigration of the Europeans
  • Our Brother Joins!

    The United States entered the Second World War. This is after the Japanese bombed Peral Harbor. Befor this they supplied tanks, planes and guns to the allies.
  • Duplessis... The original Seperatist

    From 1944 to 1959. He loved the rural living (the country) because they followed the same things he did. He gave them roads and electricity. The Roman Catholic Church
    It continued to control education, hospitals, orphanages, and welfare services. He promoted the RCC and it's values.
  • Fleur-De-Lis

    Duplessis adopted the Fleur-de-lis as Quebec's flag in 1948
  • Bad boy Duplessis

    They accuse Duplessis of opposing social progress and of serving American interests rather than the interests of Quebec workers. because of this there were numerous strikes in Quebec.
  • Le Campagne isn't so bad after all...

    Duplessis belived rural life was closer to his and belived in the church (The values). He brought paved roads and electricity to those rural areas to help bring more there.
  • La Révolution Tranquille

    The Quiet Revolution, a riotless change. This was fast and far-reaching process of social, economic and political reform in Quebec. This took place in the 1960s.
  • New Features

    Hydro-Quebec became government owned, Trans-Canada expanded, and the Montreal Metro was created. Parent Committee, free public school till 16, MEQ created, government controls education, Ministry of Education de Québec = church is no longer in charge of education.
  • FLQ

  • The Pill!

    A form of birth controle is created. The pill. This moderates menstrual cycle... also to create infertility. Birth Controle is illegeal
  • Our Flag

    1964 we get our new flag…pushed by Lester Pearson
  • Mr. Levesque...

    Quits the Liberal party --> creates the Mouvement Souverainte Assiciation (MSA)
  • A demon is born

    Rene Levesques departs from the MSA and forms a new political party known as the Parti Quebecois or PQ.
  • Expo 67

    During Expo 67, General de Gaulle of France comes to Montreal to celebrate 100 birthday of Canada, from the city hall he calls out “Vive le Quebec libre”.... This causes major uproar among "Les Quebecois"
  • Hello Bill

    Bill 63, passed by the Union National. Didn't calm language debates in Quebec. The French wanted to make French the primary language in public places and at work. The non-francophones resisted.
  • October Crisis

    The FLQ kidnappes James Cross and Pierre Laporte. The Prime Minister Trudeau used the war measures act, bringing in the army to aid in controle and protection. Hundreds of FLQ members are arrested. Laportes body is found in the trunk of his car, Cross is released. Some memebres of the FLQ (A terrorist organization) go to Cuba.
  • Another Bill

    Bill 22. Made French the "Official Language" in Quebec. This wansn't very succesfull either! the Anglophones voted for the Union National in 1976, eventauly creating the PQ
  • OUI OU NON!!!

    Leader of the PQ, Rene Levesque felt so strongly about the seperation of Quebec from Canada he held a Referendum. 60% voted No.
  • Independance... no not Quebec

    To unify the country Pierre Elliot Trudeau met with the provincial leaders to discuss a method of patriating the constitution, and assuring full independence from Great Britain, all the provinces agreed except Quebec but the Constitution Act and the Charter of Rights and Freedoms went ahead anyways in 1982. (To this day Quebec has not signed this constitution)
  • Fixing the broken Q

    Under Prime Minister Brian Mulroney the federal government tried to organize a package that would satisfy Quebec and the other provinces.
  • Meech...

    Meech Lake Accord. Written with various reforms but it was denied by two provinces Newfoundland and Manitoba.
  • OKA!!!

    Mohawk warriors established road blocks on the borders to their reserves in Oka just outside Montreal, when a golf course wanted to expand its 9 holes onto native land. The natives militarily organized themselves and the Canadian Forces were called in to handle the situation.
    The Oka crisis lasted 78 days.
    The Charlottetown Accord was created to deal with these issues.
  • Charlotte town again

    Charlottetown Agreement. Sought to do the same (including recognize aboriginal and Quebec rights).
  • Parizeau's Oui ou Non

    Another referendum was held in 1995 , this time it was led by Jacques Parizeau. With even closer results 50.6% against, and 49.4% for, only 50% + 1% is needed to separate.
  • Future Concerns

    Older populace and fewer children. A lot of refugees, because they help the economy. Urban Population is larger than Rural Population. Increase in international business and markets. Technology and transport increase. Struggles on reserves with First Nations. Power struggle between State and Media (Linguistic, Environmentalists, Social Justice)