8.4 Rights & Resist Timeline

Timeline created by MJ Seybold
  • Britain implements Tax on the American Colonies to help pay for the Seven Years War. Called the Stamp Act.

    Britain implements Tax on the American Colonies to help pay for the Seven Years War. Called the Stamp Act.
    American Vs. The Crown (The Taxes created towards the American colonies).
    They wanted to be free of Great Britain's taxes.
    They fought against the Stamp Act using a range of methods. From boycotts of British goods to riots and attacks on the tax collectors.
    These acts of resistance occurred in the American Colonies.
    Their efforts were successful because the act was repealed on the 18th of March, 1766.
  • French people required to pay for their country's debt from the Seven Years War.

    French people required to pay for their country's debt from the Seven Years War.
    3rd estate [French social class] Vs. The 1st and 2nd Estates
    Happened in France
    They wanted to have equal status, as to all other citizens.
    They attempted a petition.
    King Louis XVI was unable to get the other two estates to agree to pay some of the taxes. Louis’ inability to lift the tax burden from the Third Estate ultimately provided the justification for that group to revolt against a government that did not protect their rights to life, liberty, and property.
  • CONTINUATION OF: French people required to pay for their country's debt from the Seven Years War.

    CONTINUATION OF: French people required to pay for their country's debt from the Seven Years War.
    The French Revolution, while successful in the short term
    in that, the French people replaced the monarch with a National Assembly composed of members of the Third Estate, was longer, bloodier, and ultimately a failure when compared to the American Revolution.
  • Haiti gaining liberty

    Haiti gaining liberty
    French colony of Saint Domingue (modern-day Haiti) Vs. French
    Took place in (what is now) Haiti
    They wanted equality (between the social classes)
    A group of free people of color to petition the newly enacted National Assembly of the French Revolution.
    After they won the independence battle over France, in 1803, they were declared independent in 1804.
  • Venezuelans had an opportunity to declare independence from Spain.

    Venezuelans had an opportunity to declare independence from Spain.
    Venezuelans Vs. Spain
    Happened in Venezuela
    Wanted independence from Spain. (Economic independence specifically)
    The French ruler Napoleon Bonaparte’s occupation of Spain
    (in 1808) provided Venezuelans the opportunity to declare their independence. The military junta (a group of people who took over the country by force), led by the Venezuelan revolutionary Simón Bolivar, passed sweeping reforms.
    They were successful because trade restrictions were lifted.
  • A priest named Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla rallied the people to revolt against Spain’s oppressive rule. The revolt is not just against oppression; it is against foreign oppression (that is, Spain).

    A priest named Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla rallied the people to revolt against Spain’s oppressive rule. The revolt is not just against oppression; it is against foreign oppression (that is, Spain).
    Colonies of Spain Vs. Spain (the mainland)
    This happened in various colonies of Spain
    One of the underlying causes was unjust taxation, but Hidalgo
    also infused nationalism and religion into the mix as he encouraged the people to revolt.
    He revolted his followers but overall was unsuccessful.
    Even though Father Hidalgo’s revolt was unsuccessful, his ideas fueled additional resistance to Spain’s rule in Mexico, and in 1821 Mexico won its independence from Spain.
  • India takes action towards being free from Great Britain's rule

    India takes action towards being free from Great Britain's rule
    Indian Vs. Great Britain
    Wished for the British to leave India so that Indians could govern their own country.
    Tilak and Gandhi’s message was that Indians should not use military force to drive the British from India, but rather they encouraged Indians to use political and economic means.
    Their (peaceful) attempt was successful.
  • Period: to

    French Revolution

    The French Revolution, while successful in the short term
    in that, the French people replaced the monarch with a National Assembly composed of members of the Third Estate, was longer, bloodier, and ultimately a failure when compared to the American Revolution