Spain in 18th and 19th century

  • Dec 10, 1534


    Jesuit means member of the society of Jesus, a Roman catholic order of religious men ounded by St. Ignatius of Loyola.
    The Supression of Jesuits started in 1767 as a result of political moves.
  • Glorious Revolution

    Glorious Revolution
    This revolution has only one year long.
    It ended the reing of James II and ushered in the reing of William II and Mary II.
    The chronic dislocation of the English Civil War was remembered by many people as was the relative stability of the reing of Charles II. No one was willing to tolerate more years of uncertainty or the possibility of the country being pushed once more in to military conflict.
  • Charles II

    Charles II
    He was born 6th November 1661 and he was ruling Spain until he died in 1700.
    His precessor was Philip IV of Spain and his succesor was Philip V of Spain.
  • Philip V

    Philip V
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    Philip V

    Philip V was the King of Spain from 1700 - 1724 during which time he helped Spain regain it's former influence in international affairs. He had the unique distinction of reigning twice, abdicating the throne briefly to his short-lived son, Louis I. Although most scholarship describes Philip as weak-willed and indolent, recent writing suggests that he suffered from a manic-depressive disorder. Then he ruled again from 1725 until 1746
  • Decretos de Nueva Planta

    Decretos de Nueva Planta
    It is known as a set of three decrees signed by Felipe V after 'The War of Succession'. His troops occupied militarily the territories of the Crown of Aragon that did not depend on the Council of Italy.
    In the Kingdom of Valencia and Aragon it took place on 29th June 1707. In Mallorca and Las Pitiusas it took place on 28th November 1715 and finally on Catalunya 16th January 1716.
  • Louis I

    Louis I
    He was the son of Philip V and he ruled Spain from 1724 to 1725.
  • Isabel of Parma

    Isabel of Parma
    She was the daughter of Infante Felipe of Spain, Duke of Parma and his wife Louise Elisabeth.
    Italy became an obsessive factor in its foreign policy. She was Isabel Farnese of Parma and she has his sons ruling in Italy before than in Spain. Charles III was her older son and he made 'Puerta de Alcalá' in Madrid.
  • Francisco de Goya

    Francisco de Goya
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    He was born on 30th March 1746 and he died on 16th April 1827.
  • Ferdinand VI

    Ferdinand VI
    He ruled from 1746 until 1759.
  • The Canal of Castilla

    The Canal of Castilla
    A man-made river built between the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries to transport grain and goods.
    Castilla Canal was built in 1753 from a dream: to unite by ship Castilian grain fields south of the region with the Cantabrian coast.
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    Seven Years War

    It was a global conflict known in America as the French and Indian war. It oficially began when England declare war on
    There were two sides. One include Prussia, Great Britain, Hanover Iroquois Confederacy, Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
    Portugal, Hesse-Kassel and Schaumburg-Lippe. The other side includes France, Habsburg Monarchy, Russian Empire, Spain, Sweden and Saxony.
  • Seven Years War

    Seven Years War
    It started in 1756 and finished in 1763.
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    Charles III

    Charles III was the king of Spain and the Spanish Indies until 1788. He was the eldest son of Philip V of Spain.
    In 1731 Charles become the Duke of Parma and Piacenza.
    In 1734 he conquered the kingdoms of Naples and Sicily.
    In 1759 he succeded to the Spanish throne, he abdicated the Neapolitan and Sicilian thrones.
  • Charles III

    Charles III
    He ruled from 1759 until 1788.
  • Esquilache Riots

    Esquilache Riots
    Marquis of Esquilache was also called Leopoldo de Gregorio.He was an Italian statesman who acted as minister of Charles III of Spain.
    Esquilache riots were mostly caused by the growing discontent in Madrid about the rising costs of bread and other staples and thats why people were angry.
    What Esquilache wants with this riots is to substitute the long capes and broad-brimmed hats worn by madrileños with French-style short capes and three-cornered hats, in an attempt to modernize Spain.
  • Manuel Godoy

    Manuel Godoy
    Born May 12, 1767, Castuera, Spaindied Oct. 4, 1851, Paris, France. He was a Spanish politician. He entered the royal bodyguard in 1784 and soon became the lover of Maria Luisa, wife of the future Charles IV. He was the Prime Minister of Spain from 1792 to 1797 and from 1801 to 1808.
    He received many titles including Prince of the Peace.
  • La Gallina Ciega

    La Gallina Ciega
    Example of Royal Tapestry
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    Royal Tapestry

    Established in the 18th century by Philip V of Spain, the Royal Tapestry Factory has a major collection of tapestries, carpets and cartoons dating from the 16th-20th centuries. In addition, this is the only opportunity in Spain to see how craftsmen and women weave these tapestries using traditional methods, creating veritable works of art.
  • Jose Moñino

    Jose Moñino
    He was a Spanish statesman.
    He was the reformist chief minister of Charles III of Spain but he also served under Charles IV.
    He is known as Conde de Floridablanca.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    This treaty ended the American revolution and formally recognised the United States as an independent nation.
  • Charles IV

    Charles IV
    He was the King of Spain from 1788 until 1808.
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    Charles IV

    He was the second son of Charles III. He succeded to the throne when Charles III died.
  • Tomás de Zumalacárregui

    Tomás de Zumalacárregui
    He was born in 1788 in Guipúzcoa. He was a spanish militar who ruled the Carlist army. He also participated in the War of Independence and in this war he achieved being the captain.
  • Painter of Charles III

    Painter of Charles III
    Goya started to paint the King of Spain, Charles III
  • Execution of Louis XVI

    Execution of Louis XVI
    One day after being convicted of conspiracy with foreign powers and sentenced to death by the French National Convention, King Louis XVI is executed by guillotine in the Place de la Revolution in Paris.
  • War of Pyrenees

    War of Pyrenees
    It was the first fought between the Pyreneans and the First French Republic. It pitted Revolutionary France against Spain and Portugal from March 1793 to July 1795 during the French revolutionary wars.
    This war take place at the sea.
    The northern part of Historical Catalonia, including Roussillon, Conflent, Vallespir, Capcir, and French Cerdagne, were transferred to France,
  • Charles IV family by Goya

    Charles IV family by Goya
  • Goya

    Picture about the independence war.
  • Black Paintings

    Black Paintings
    It was painted by Francisco de Goya
  • Spanish defeat at Trafalgar

    Spanish defeat at Trafalgar
    It takes place in Trafalgar (Caños de Meca).
    This battle was done to topple Napoleon Bonaparte.
    The struggle had been between Revolutionary France and nations who wished to restore the monarchy and take French land.
    The Battle was between Frace and Spain, which were alliated, and Great Britain.
    After killing people, the victory was for Britain.
  • Treaty of Fontainebleau (1807)

    Treaty of Fontainebleau (1807)
    The Treaty of Fontainebleau was a political agreement that was signed between Napoleon Bonaparte of France and Charles IV of Spain on October 27, 1807, in Fontainebleau, France. It was agreed that Portugal and all Portuguese dominions were to be divided between the signatories; by this accord Napoleon wanted to secure and ensure the Continental Blockade he had imposed on Britain in 1806 by capturing the Portuguese ports.
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    Peninsular War

    Was a military conflict between France and the allied powers of Spain, the United Kingdom and Portugal for control of the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic Wars.
    In this War is where Napoleonic troops in Spain participated.
  • Second May 1808

    Second May 1808
    The Dos de Mayo of 1808, was a rebellion by the people of Madrid against the occupation of the city by French troops, provoking a brutal repression by the French Imperial forces and triggering the Peninsular War.
    This pic represents the Monument to the Fallen in Madrid.
  • First Spanish Constitution

    First Spanish Constitution
    On 19 March 1812, Spain’s first constitution was drawn up in Cadiz, enshrining the rights of Spanish citizens and limiting the power of the monarchy. Although it was not enacted for some years, its influence was considerable, both within peninsular Spain and its territories around the world.
  • Abdications of Bayonne

    The Abdications of Bayonne is the name given to a series of forced abdications of the Kings of Spain that led to the Peninsular War.
    Napoleon's designation of his brother, Joseph, as King of Spain was resisted by the Spanish people and led to the Peninsular War. Napoleon was forced to release Ferdinand, and, on December 11, 1813, he appointed Ferdinand as the King of Spain.
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    Ferdinand VII (2)

    Finally on 4th May of 1814 emit in Valencia a decree that disolved las Cortes, abolish the Constitution of 1812 and the legislative labor of the Cadiz Courts. He restablish absolutism.
    As Ferdinand VII did not want the Constitution of 1812, he rule with the Constitution of 1820 during three years; then, in 1823 he wrote a new Constitution with the help of a troop sent by the Holy Alliance called 'Cien mil Hijos de S.Louis'.
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    Ferdinand VII

    After de Treaty of Valençay in 1813, Ferdinand VII get prepared for going to a country with a completely different political convinctions from his absolutist convinctions. He returned to Madrid to change liberalism of the country to absolutism.
    He entered Spain on 22nd March 1814.
    The 12 of April of the same year Spanish diputies present him 'El manifiesto de os Persas'.
  • Ferdinand VII

    Ferdinand VII
    He ruled from 1814 until 1833.
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    Ferdinand IV

    He was the King of Spain during Napoleonic wars.
    He was the eldest son of Charles IV of Spain.
    By the time Ferdinand came of age, the Spanish government was being run by his mother and her notorious lover, Godoy. The daughter of Ferdinand VII would be the queen of Spain after Ferdinand dies, for this reason, his brother did not accepted his decision and claimed for his rights.
  • Riego's Pronunciamiento

    Riego's Pronunciamiento
    The Statement of Irrigation, was a military "coup", conducted by Major Rafael de Riego on January 1, 1820 in Cabezas de San Juan (Sevilla).
    The ruling arose among the officers of the troops destined to fight American uprising against due to the existence of a major upset in the army at the end of 1819, by the exclusion of liberal government, joined the Irrigation affiliation to Freemasonry, which contributed to his later success. Upon issuance of a proclamation came the restoration of constituti
  • 'Los Caprichos' of Francisco de Goya

    'Los Caprichos' of Francisco de Goya
  • Goya's death

    Goya's death
  • Pragmatic Sanction

    Pragmatic Sanction
    The Pragmatic Sanction of 1830 was issued by Ferdinand VII of Spain. It ratified a decree in 1789 by Charles IV of Spain which had replaced the semi-Salic system established by Philip V of Spain with the mixed succession system that predated the Bourbon monarchy.
  • First Carlist War

    First Carlist War
    This war started in 1833 and finished in 1839.
    It was a Spanish Civil War where Maria Christina and her supporters fought against Isabella II Spain for the succession to the throne and the nature of Spanish monarchy.
  • Isabella II

    Isabella II
    She ruled from 1833 to 1868.
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    Isabella II

    She was the daughter of the fourth wife of Ferdinand VII.
    Her power was limited by the Constitution.
    During her reing several constitutions were proposed and limited male suffrage was established.
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    Regents for Isabella II

    She was the queen regnant of Spain for this period of time.
    Before her succession was disputed by the Carlist she came to the throne as an infant. This led to the Carlist War.
    After a troubled reing she participated in a Glorious Revolution that was between 1868 to 1870.
    After that in 1874 her son Alfonso XII became king.
  • Second Carlist War

    Second Carlist War
    It began in September 1846 and continued until May 1849.
    This war is also called ' War of the Matiners'. It was a short civil war that took place in Catalonia and spread to Galicia.
    The War was between the Carlists under Ramón Cabrera and the government of Isabella II.
  • Juan Prim's death

    Juan Prim's death
    Prim was attacked on December 27, 1870 in Madrid Turkish street after a session in the House of Representatives when the coach in which he was traveling was intercepted and shot from both sides of the street. The general and prime minister suffered nine impacts, none of which was fatal, according to the prior version, but on the way to his residence, the Palace of Buena Vista, lost a lot of blood. He was 55 or 56 years old.
  • Third Carlist War

    Third Carlist War
    The Third Carlist War took place between 1872 and 1876.
    It was the last Carlist War in Spain.
    This conflict was because Carlist forces, managed to ocupied several towns in the interior of Spain.
    The main ones were in Navarre.
    Isabella II was in exile and Amadeo I was proclaimed the king in 1870 but he was not very popular.
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    Estanislao Figueras

    He was born at Barcelona. He became president after King Amadeo abdicated.
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    Francisco Pi y Margall

    He was the second president of the First Spanish Republic.
    He was presided by Estanislao Figueras and succeded by Nicolás Salmerón.
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    Nicolás Salmerón

    He became president at the time when the Federalist party had thrown all the south of Spain into anarchy.
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    Emilio Castelar

    He was of Cadiz. He was presided by Nicolás Salmerón and succeded by Francisco Serrano.
  • The First Republic

    The First Republic
    Spain had a republican government for the first time. In 1874 there was another uprising and it brought about the restoration of the monarchy.
    Alfonso XII was installed as a Spanish monarch to reing under a liberal constitution
  • Amadeus of Savoy

    Amadeus of Savoy
    He had a democratic monarchy. The exile of Isabella was followed by years of turmoil in Spain, including a brief stint as King of Spain by Amadeus of Savoy and the third Carlists war.
    He abdicated because both Republicans and Carlists rejected him. The supporters of Alfonso were also opposed to him.
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    Francisco Serrano

    He was a spanish marshal and statesman.
    He was prime minister of Spain and regent in 1869.
    He was also the president of the First Spanish Republic from January 1874 until December same year.
  • Restoration of the Monarchy

    Restoration of the Monarchy
    The Restoration was the name given to the period that began on 29 December 1874 after the First Spanish Republic ended with the restoration of the monarchy under Alfonso XII after a coup d'état by Martinez Campos, and ended on 14 April 1931 with the proclamation of the Second Spanish Republic.
  • Alfonso XII

    Alfonso XII
    He ruled in Spain from 1875 until 1885.
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    Alfonso XII

    He was the King of Spain reigning after a coup d'état restored the monarchy and ended the ephemeral First Spanish Republic.
    He was the son of Isabella II and Francisco de Asis.
    When queen Isabella was forced to leave Spain by the revolution of 1868 Alfonso acompanied them to Paris.
  • Maria de las Mercedes

    Maria de las Mercedes
    She ruled since 1885 until 1886.
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    Maria de las Mercedes

    She was born on 24th June 1860.
    She was the granddaughter of Queen Isabella.
    When Queen Isabella was deposed in 1868.
    Mercedes family left Spain in 1872 while the exile.
    Alfonso fell in love with her and the got married after the Restoration of the Spanish on January 1878.
  • Alfonso XIII

    Alfonso XIII
    He ruled from 1886 until 1931.
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    Alfonso XIII

    He was the son of Alfonso XII. Alfonso kept his kingdom neutral in World War I (1914 - 1918).
    Alfonso fled the country as the Second Spanish Republic was proclaimed. He died six weeks later.
  • Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos

    Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos
    He was an author, philosopher and the mayor figure of the Age of the Enlightenment in Spain.
    His first publication was in 1915.
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    Juan Carlos

    He was still being the current King of Spain. Spanish dictator Francisco Franco naimed Juan Carlos as the next head of state in 1969.
    When he startedto rule it was introduced the Spanish transition to democracy which led to the aproval of the Spanish Constitution of 1978.
    He still ruling nowadays.
  • Juan Carlos

    Juan Carlos
    He was ruling Spain from 1975 until now.