Unit 6 Revolutions

  • Steam Engine

    Thomas Newcomen invents the first steam engine. It is not very useful yet, but the idea of using steam to make machines go will be important to the Industrial Revolution.
  • Spinning Jenny

    James Hargreaves, a British carpenter and weaver, invents the spinning jenny. The machine spins more than one ball of yarn or thread at a time, making it easier and faster to make cloth.
  • Start of The American Revolution

    Start of The American Revolution
    The American Revolution was a political upheaval that took place between 1765 and 1783 during which colonists in the Thirteen American Colonies rejected the British monarchy and aristocracy, overthrew the authority of Great Britain, and founded the United States of America.
  • The Frenh control the Colonies

    The French are in control of the colony and there is a lot of pressure.
  • End of The American Revolution

    End of The American Revolution
    The American Revolution ends and succeds making the U.S. independent.
  • Start of The French Revolution

    Start of The French Revolution
    It was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France that lasted from 1789 until 1799, and was partially carried forward by Napoleon during the later expansion of the French Empire. The Revolution overthrew the monarchy, established a republic, experienced violent periods of political turmoil, and finally culminated in a dictatorship under Napoleon that rapidly brought many of its principles to Western Europe and beyond. Inspired by liberal and radical ideas.
  • The Storm of Bastile

    The Storm of Bastile
    The Storm of Bastile occurs and the Revolutoinitsts decide to attack a old prison. To arm themselves and show power.
  • Slave Resistance

    The slaves started to resist and slowly gain respect and control in the colony.
  • Start of The Haitian Revoluiton

    Start of The Haitian Revoluiton
    The Haitian Revolution (1791–1804), was a series of extraordinary events in a successful anti-slavery and anti-colonial insurrection that took place in the former French colony of Saint Domingue.
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    The Haitian Revolution

  • Upheavals in France and Saint Domingue

    The French Revolution is going on in France while in Saint Domingue slaves started to revolt and create small problems.
  • Cotton Gin

    Eli Whitney creates a machine that makes it much easier to separate cotton seeds from cotton fiber. It greatly reduces the time it takes to clean cotton and helps the southern states make more money from cotton crops.
  • Toussaint Louverture in Power

    Toussaint Louverture, Louverture also spelled L’Ouverture, original name (until c. 1793) François Dominique Toussaint (born c. 1743, Bréda, near Cap-Français, Saint-Domingue [Haiti]—died April 7, 1803, Fort-de-Joux, France), leader of the Haitian independence movement during the French Revolution. He emancipated the slaves and negotiated for the French colony on Hispaniola, Saint-Domingue (later Haiti), to be governed, briefly, by black former slaves as a French protectorate.
  • Louverture creates a secret alliance

    Louverture signs a secret alliance treaty with England and the United States.
  • Saint Domingue

    British forces evacuate Saint-Domingue as part of an agreement not to interfere with trade with France’s colonies. The French economy, depressed during its wars against Spain and England, reopens to colonial imports. At the same time merchant bourgeoisie lobby to reinstate the slave trade. Napoleon Bonaparte faces increasing pressure in France to bring down Louverture and take back Saint-Domingue.
  • End of The French Revolution

    End of The French Revolution
    The French Revolution ends and Napoleon starts to create himself a name. He starts to gain power.
  • Civil War breaks out

    Civil war between Louverture and Rigaud breaks out: Rigaud takes over command of Léogâne and Jacmel while Louverture take over Petit-Goâve. This power struggle, fraught with issues of race and class, ultimately benefits the economic interests of the Americans and British, who seek to maximize their trade to the detriment of the French.
  • Napoleon sends a new comission

    Bonaparte sends a new commission to Saint-Domingue to confirm Louverture’s power in the colony and instate France’s most recent constitution. The new constitution proclaims that French colonies are to be governed by a set of “special laws” that take into the account the particularities of each territory. It states that Saint-Domingue is not to be represented in the French legislative body and will not be governed by laws for French citizens. The constitution does not address the colony’s general
  • Exile

    Dessalines defeats Rigaud with the help of American vessels at the Jacmel port. Louverture exiles Rigaud to France and re-divides the areas of conflict. He grants general amnesty to every person who helped him fight Rigaud.
  • Louverture's Assembly

    The governor of Spanish Santo Domingo cedes control of his territory to Louverture. To make his achievements permanent, Louverture forms a central assembly to write a new constitution for all of Hispaniola that abolishes slavery on the entire island. Louverture's achievements during his years in power include social reforms, structuring and organizing a new government, establishing courts of justice and building public schools.
  • Louverture Proclamation

    Louverture proclaims the new constitution in Saint-Domingue and is declared Governor General for life. The constitution, which is sent to France, sanctions the structures Louverture has already set in place, and emphasizes the bourgeois principles of the French Revolution.Slavery is abolished forever and the constitution eliminates social distinctions of race and color, stating “all individuals be admitted to all public functions depending on their merit and without regard to race or color.” A
  • Period: to

    Simon Bolivar

  • Bolivar Returns

    Bolivar returned to Venezuela in 1807. After the coup on 19 April 1810. Venezuela achieved independence when the Supreme Junta de Caracas was established and the colonial administrators deposed.
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    Jose de San Martin

  • Caracas is Retaken

    Carcas was retaken and Bolivar was ratified as "El Libertador" thus proclaiming the restoration of the Venezuelan republic
  • 1816 Haiti

    In 1816, with Haitian soldiers and vital material support, Bolivar landed in Venezuela and fulfilled his promise to Alexandre Petion to free Spanish America's slaves.
  • Argentine War of Independence

    The Argentine War of Independence was fought from 1810 to 1818 by Argentine patriotic forces under Manuel Belgrano, Juan José Castelli and José de San Martín against royalist forces loyal to the Spanish crown. On July 9, 1816, an assembly met in San Miguel de Tucumán, declared full independence with provisions for a national constitution.
  • The Bolivian Counter Attack

    On a second expedition, Bolivar captured Angostuta in July which is the Ciudad Bolivar after defeating the counter-attack of Miguel de la Torre. Howwver, Venezuela remained a captaincy of Spain after the victory in 1818 by Pablo Morillo.
  • Chilean Indepence

    he resulting Battle of Chacabuco, on February 12, 1817, was a decisive victory for the independence forces. As a result, the patriots re-entered Santiago. San Martín was proclaimed Supreme Director, but he declined the offer and put O'Higgins in the post, where he would remain until 1823. On the first anniversary of the Battle of Chacabuco, O'Higgins formally declared independence.
  • Campaign of Independece

    The campaign of independence of New Granada was consolitaded with the vicotry at the Battle of Boyaca on 7 of Aug 1819.
  • Launching Indepence Campaigns

    From his newly consolitaded base of power, Bolivar launched independence campaigns in Venezuela and Ecuadorm and these campaigns were concluded with the victory at the Battle of Carabobo
  • Peruvian War of Independence

    The Peruvian War of Independence was a series of military conflicts beginning in 1811 that culminated in the proclamation of the independence of Peru by José de San Martín on July 28, 1821.
  • Gran Colombia

    The Gran Colombia (a state covering much of modern Colombia, Panama, Venezuela, Ecuador and northern Peru.) was created, with Bolivar as president.
  • Guayquil Conference

    On 26 and 27 July 1822, Bolivar held the Guayaquil Conference with the Argentinian General Jose de San Martin.
  • Simon Bolivar's Death

    Bolivar finally resigned his presidency on 27 April 1830, intending to leave the country for exile in Europe. On December 1830 at the age of 47 Simon Bolivar died of Tubercolosis
  • Telegraph

    Samuel Morse invents the telegraph, which allows messages to be sent quickly over a wire. By 1860, telegraph wires stretch from the east coast of the United States west of the Mississippi River.
  • Sewing Mahine

    At a time when people had to make their own clothes at home or pay someone else to sew them by hand, Elias Howe invents the sewing machine. Now clothes can be made in large factories.
  • Creation of the Telephone

    He may not have invented the telephone, but Alexander Graham Bell was the first to get a patent for it. Being able to speak to people over a telephone wire greatly changes the way the world communicates.
  • Light Bulb

    Not the first man to create a light bulb, Thomas Edison created a light bulb that lasted longer than other designs and showed it off by lighting a lamp. Edison's light bulbs allow people to do many things at night, such as work, that used to only happen during the day.