• Charles IV of Spain

    Charles IV of Spain
    He was a borbonic king. Charles was the second son of Charles III and his wife Maria Amalia of Saxony. He was born at Naples (11 November 1748), while his father was king of the Two Sicilies.
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    Kingdom of Carlos IV

  • Manuel Godoy

    Manuel Godoy
    Manuel Godoy was Prime Minister of Spain from 1792 to 1797 and from 1801 to 1808. He received many titles including Prince of the Peace (Príncipe de la Paz) by which he is widely known. He came to power at a very young age as the favorite of the king and queen. Despite disaster after disaster he used corruption to maintain power. Many Spanish leaders blamed Godoy for the disastrous war with Britain that cut off Spain's Empire and ruined its finances.
  • The Mutiny of Aranjuez

    The Mutiny of Aranjuez
    The Mutiny of Aranjuez (Spanish: Motín de Aranjuez) of 17/18 March 1808 was a popular uprising against King Charles IV, which managed to overthrow him and place his son, Ferdinand VII, temporarily on the throne. Both unhappy members of the populace and Ferdinand's supporters took part in inciting the revolt.
  • Joseph-Napoleon Bonaparte

    Joseph-Napoleon Bonaparte
    Joseph-Napoleon Bonaparte (7 January 1768 – 28 July 1844) was the elder brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, who made him King of Naples and Sicily (1806–1808), and later King of Spain (1808–1813, as José I). After the fall of Napoleon, Joseph styled himself Comte de Survilliers.
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    Kingdom of José I Bonaparte

  • Constitution 1812

    Constitution 1812
    he Spanish Constitution of 1812 was established on 19 March 1812 by the Cádiz Cortes, that was the first national sovereign assembly (Cortes Generales "General Courts") of Spain, while in refuge from the Peninsular War. This constitution, one of the most liberal of its time, was effectively Spain's first (see Constitutions of Spain), given that the Bayonne Statute issued in 1808 under Joseph Bonaparte never went into effect. It established the principles of universal male suffrage, national s
  • The Infante Carlos of Spain

    The Infante Carlos of Spain
    The Infante Carlos of Spain (29 March 1788 – 10 March 1855) was the second surviving son of King Charles IV of Spain and of his wife, Maria Luisa of Parma. As Carlos V he was the first of the Carlist claimants to the throne of Spain. He is often referred to simply as 'Don Carlos', but should not be confused with Carlos, son of King Philip II of Spain, after whom Verdi's opera is named.
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    Kingdom of Fernando VII

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    Restauration of the absolutism

    Fernando VII come to the throne and he restaured the abosulutism system.
    There was revolutions led by liberal leaders, like Maria Pineda, but they were defeated.
  • Ferdinard VII

    Ferdinard VII
    Ferdinand VII (14 October 1784 – 29 September 1833) was twice King of Spain: in 1808 and from 1813 to 1833 – the latter period in dispute with Joseph Bonaparte. He was known as "Ferdinand the Desired" or "The felon king".He arrived at spain in 1813.
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    Liberal Trienium

    Coronel Riego led a revolution in Cabezas de San Juan, Sevilla. He won and the king was obligated to sign the Constitution of 1812.
    ''Militia Nacional'' was created to defend the liberal order.
    But Fernando VII was helped by eurpoean kings (Hundred thousand sons of St Louis) and he returned to the throne.
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    Bust of the Absolutism

    There was a bad economic situation during the return of the absolutism. Fernando VII couldn't taxing the nobles because they were his allies.
    Too, there was a dynastic problem: Fernando VII only had daughter, so because of the Salic Law he had to do the Pragmatic Sanction.
  • Regent Maria Cristina

    Regent Maria Cristina
    Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies (Italian: Maria Cristina Ferdinanda di Borbone, principessa delle Due Sicilie, Spanish: María Cristina de Borbón, princesa de las Dos Sicilias; 27 April 1806 – 22 August 1878) was Queen consort of Spain (1829 to 1833) and Regent of Spain (1833 to 1840).
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    Liberal Revolution

  • Tomás de Zumalacárregui

    Tomás de Zumalacárregui
    Tomás de Zumalacárregui e Imaz (in Castilian/Spanish) or Tomas Zumalakarregi Imatz (in modern standardized Basque) (1788–1835) was a Spanish Carlist general.
  • the Spanish Constitution of 1837

    the Spanish Constitution of 1837
    the Spanish Constitution of 1837 was the constitution of Spain from 1837 to 1845. Its principal legacy was to restore the most progressive features of the Spanish Constitution of 1812 and to entrench the concepts of constitutionalism, parliamentarism, and separation of powers in Spain.
  • Baldomero Espartero

    Baldomero Espartero
    Don Joaquín Baldomero Fernández-Espartero y Alvarez de Toro, 1st Prince of Vergara, 1st Duke of la Victoria, 1st Duke of Morella, 1st Count of Luchana, 1st Viscount of Banderas (27 February 1793 – 8 January 1879) was a Spanish general and political figure. He was associated with the radical (or progressive) wing of Spanish liberalism and would become their symbol and champion after taking credit for the victory over the Carlists in 1839. His noble titles, Duke of La Victoria were granted by Isab
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    Kingdom of Elisabeth II

  • Civil Guard

    Civil Guard
    The Civil Guard (Spanish: Guardia Civil; [ˈɡwarðja θiˈβil]) is the Spanish gendarmerie. It has foreign peace-keeping missions and maintains military status and is the equivalent of a federal military-status police force. As a police force, the Guardia Civil is comparable today to the French Gendarmerie, the Italian Carabinieri, the Portuguese National Republican Guard and the Dutch Royal Marechaussee as it is part of the European Gendarmerie. The Guardia Civil uses as its leading emblem the word
  • Constitution 1845

    Constitution 1845
  • Maroto

    Rafael Maroto Yserns (October 15, 1783 – August 25, 1853) was a Spanish general, known both for his involvement on the Spanish side in the wars of independence in South America and on the Carlist side in the First Carlist War.
  • vicalvarada

    When Spain's Civil Guard (Spanish: Guardia Civil) was established in 1844, the first headquarters of its cavalry was in Vicálvaro. Franco converted it into an artillery barracks for the Brunete Armored Division, Regiment No. 11. The building is now part of the Rey Juan Carlos University.
    Vicálvaro was the site of Leopoldo O'Donnell's 1854 coup known as La Vicalvarada, which began Spain's Bienio progresista.
  • Cabrera

    He was born at Tortosa, province of Tarragona, Spain. As his family had in their gift two chaplaincies, young Cabrera was sent to the seminary of Tortosa, where he made himself conspicuous as an unruly pupil, ever mixed up in disturbances and careless in his studies. After he had taken minor orders, the bishop refused to ordain him as a priest, telling him that the Church was not his vocation, and that everything in him showed that he ought to be a soldier. Cabrera followed this advice and took
  • Isabel II

    Isabel II
    Isabella II (Spanish: Isabel II; 10 October 1830 – 10 April 1904) was queen regnant of Spain from 1833 until 1868. She came to the throne as an infant, but her succession was disputed by the Carlists, who refused to recognise a female sovereign, leading to the Carlist Wars. After a troubled reign, she was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1868, and formally abdicated in 1870. Her son Alfonso XII became king in 1874.
  • O´Donnell

    Don Leopoldo O'Donnell y Jorris, 1st Duke of Tetuan, 1st Count of Lucena, 1st Viscount of Aliaga, Grandee of Spain, (Spanish: Leopoldo O'Donnell y Jorris, I duque de Tetuán, I conde de Lucena, I vizconde de Aliaga, grande de España) (January 12, 1809 – November 5, 1867), was a Spanish general and statesman. He was of Irish paternal descent, a descendant of Calvagh O'Donnell, Rí of Tyrconnell.
  • Prim

    Don Juan Prim y Prats, Marquis of Los Castillejos, Grandee of Spain, Count of Reus, Viscount of El Bruch12 December 1814 in Reus, Spain – 30 December 1870 in Madrid) was a Spanish general and statesman.
  • Pavia

    Manuel Pavia y Rodriguez de Alburquerque (August 2, 1828-January 4, 1895) was a Spanish general, born in Cadiz. He was the son of Admiral Pavia, a naval officer of some note in the early part of the 19th century.
    Pavia entered the Royal Artillery College at Segovia in 1841. He became a lieutenant in 1846, a captain in 1855 and major in 1862. Three years later he joined the staff of General Prim, and took part in the two unsuccessful revolutionary movements concerted by Prim in 1866
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    Democratic Sexenium

  • Constitution 1869

    Constitution 1869
  • Amadeo I de Saboya

    Amadeo I de Saboya
    Amadeo I (Italian Amedeo, sometimes anglicized as Amadeus) (30 May 1845 – 18 January 1890) was the only King of Spain from the House of Savoy. He was the second son of King Vittorio Emanuele II of Italy and was known for most of his life as the Duke of Aosta, but reigned briefly as King of Spain from 1870 to 1873.
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    Kingdom of Amadeo I

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    First Republic

    After the abdication of the king, the Spanish Courts voted fot a Republic.
    The republican ideas had social and federal reforms.
    It enden with the coup d'état of general Pavía.
  • Nicolás Salmerón y Alonso

    Nicolás Salmerón y Alonso
    Salmeron was a Spanish politician, president of the First Spanish Republic.
  • Martinez Campos

    Martinez Campos
    Arsenio Martínez-Campos y Antón (born Martínez y Campos) (Segovia, Spain, December 14, 1831 – Zarauz, Spain, September 23, 1900) was a Spanish officer, who rose against the First Spanish Republic in a military revolution in 1874 and restored Spain's Bourbon dynasty. Later he became Captain-General of Cuba. As soldier and politician, he took part in the wars in Africa, Mexico, Cuba and the last Carlist war.
  • Alfonso XII

    Alfonso XII
    Alfonso XII was King of Spain, reigning from 1874 to 1885, after a coup d'état restored the monarchy and ended the ephemeral First Spanish Republic.
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    Monarchy Restauration

  • Antonio Cánovas del Castillo

    Antonio Cánovas del Castillo
    was a Spanish politician and historian known principally for serving 6 terms as Spanish Prime Minister, his role in supporting the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy to the Spanish throne and for his death at the hands of an anarchist assassin, Michele Angiolillo.
  • Mateo Sagasta

    Mateo Sagasta
    Sagasta was a Spanish politician who served as Prime Minister on eight occasions between 1870 and 1902—always in charge of the Liberal Party—as part of the turno pacifico, alternating with the Liberal-Conservative leader Antonio Cánovas. A Freemason, he was known for possessing an excellent oratorical talent.
  • Pablo Iglesias

    Pablo Iglesias
    Pablo Iglesias was a Spanish socialist and labour leader. He is regarded as the father of Spanish socialism; having founded the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) in 1879 and the Spanish General Workers' Union (UGT) in 1888.
  • Maria Cristina regent of Alfonso XIII

    Maria Cristina regent of Alfonso XIII
    Maria Cristina was Queen consort of Spain as the second wife of King Alfonso XII of Spain. She was regent of Spain during the minority of her son Alfonso XIII and the vacancy of the throne between her husband's death and her son's birth.