Spain in the 18th and 19th century.

  • Charles II´s death

    Charles II´s death
    was the last Habsburg ruler of Spain. was the last Habsburg ruler of Spain he is noted for his extensive physical, intellectual, and emotional disabilities . Known as "the Bewitched"
  • Philip V

    Philip V
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    Philip V

    Philip was the first member of the House of Bourbon to rule as king of Spain.
  • War of Spanish Succesion

    War of Spanish Succesion
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    War of the Spanish Succesion

    The War of the Spanish Succesion, was a major European conflict of the early 18th century, triggered by the death in 1700 of the last Habsburg King of Spain.
  • The Nueva Planta decrees

    The Nueva Planta decrees
    The Nueva Planta decrees were a number of decrees signed between 1707 and 1716 by Philip V—the first Bourbon king of Spain—during and shortly after the end of the War of the Spanish Succession by the Treaty of Utrecht.
  • Treaty of Utrecht

    Treaty of Utrecht
    established the Peace of Utrecht, is a series of individual peace treaties, rather than a single document, signed by the belligerents in the War of the Spanish Succession, in the Dutch city of Utrecht in March and April 1713. The treaties between several European states, including Spain, Great Britain, France, Portugal, Savoy and the Dutch Republic, helped end the war.
  • Louis I

    Louis I
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    King Louis I

    King of Spain from 15 January 1724 until his death in August the same year. His reign is one of the shortest in history, lasting for just over seven months.
  • The First Family Compact

    The First Family Compact
    The first of these was made on November 7, 1733 by King Philip V of Spain and King Louis XV of France in the Treaty of the Escorial.After a long war, the War of the Spanish Succession, he was recognized as king by other European powers in the Treaty of Utrecht with the condition that the thrones of Spain and France never be united. In addition, Spanish possessions in Italy were ceded to the surviving branch of the House of Habsburg.
  • Second family compact

    Second family compact
    The second Family Compact was made on October 25, 1743 again by King Philip V of Spain and King Louis XV of France in the Treaty of Fontainebleau. This pact was signed in the middle of the War of Austrian Succession, and most of its clauses had to do with the conduct of the war. The result was the expansion of Spanish influence in Italy when Philip V's fourth son Philip, became in 1748 Duke of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla.
  • Ferdinand VI

    Ferdinand VI
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    King Ferdiand VI

    was King of Spain from 9 July 1746 until his death. He was the fourth son of the previous monarch Philip V. Ferdinand, the third member of the Spanish Bourbon dynasty
  • Charles III

    Charles III
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    King Charles III

    He was the fifth son of Philip V of Spain. He conquered the kingdoms of Naples and of Sicily, and was crowned king on 3 July 1735, reigning as Charles VII of Naples and Charles V of Sicily.
  • Third Family compact

    Third Family compact
    The third Family Compact was made on 15 August 1761 by King Charles III of Spain and Louis XV in the Treaty of Paris. Charles III was the son of Philip V, making him Louis's first cousin. At this time France was fighting the Seven Years' War against Great Britain. Charles's alliance reversed the policy of his predecessor, Ferdinand VI, who wished to keep Spain out of the war. The agreement involved Spain's allies Naples and Tuscany. When Spain became involved, the British occupied the Philippin
  • treaty of paris 1763

    treaty of paris 1763
    The Treaty of Paris, also known as the Treaty of 1763, was signed on 10 February 1763 by the kingdoms of Great Britain, France and Spain, with Portugal in agreement, after Britain's victory over France and Spain during the Seven Years' War. The signing of the treaty formally ended the Seven Years' War, known as the French and Indian War in the North American theatre,[1] and marked the beginning of an era of British dominance outside Europe.[2] The two nations returned much of the territory that
  • Esquilache riots

    Esquilache riots
    The Esquilache Riots occurred in March 1766 during the rule of Charles III of Spain. Caused mostly by the growing discontent in Madrid about the rising costs of bread and other staples, they were sparked off by a series of measures regarding Spaniards' apparel that had been enacted by Leopoldo de Gregorio, Marquis of Esquilache, a Neapolitan minister whom Charles favored.
  • Jesuits expelled by bourbons.

    Jesuits expelled by bourbons.
    The Spanish crown had already begun a series of administrative and other changes in their overseas empire, such as reorganizing the viceroyalties, rethinking economic policies, and establishing a military, so that the expulsion of the Jesuits is seen as part of this general trend, known generally as the Bourbon Reforms.The commission's meeting on January 29, 1767 settled the expulsion of the Jesuits.
  • American declaration of independence

    American declaration of independence
    The Declaration of Independence is the statement adopted by the Continental Congress meeting at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on July 4, 1776, which announced that the thirteen American colonies, then at war with Great Britain, regarded themselves as thirteen newly independent sovereign states, and no longer a part of the British Empire. Instead they formed a new nation—the United States of America. John Adams was a leader in pushing for independence, which was unanimously approved on July 2. A
  • The First Treaty of San Ildefonso

    The First Treaty of San Ildefonso
    The First Treaty of San Ildefonso was signed on 1 October 1777 between the Spanish Empire and the Portuguese Empire
  • Charles IV

    Charles IV
    Charles IV was King of Spain from 14 December 1788, until his abdication on 19 March 1808. In 1788, Charles III died and Charles IV succeeded to the throne
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    King Charles IV

    was King of Spain from 14 December 1788, until his abdication on 19 March 1808. Charles was the second son of Charles III
  • French revolution: STORMING OF BASTILLE

    French revolution: STORMING OF BASTILLE
    The Storming of the Bastille occurred in Paris, France, on the morning of 14 July 1789. The medieval fortress and prison in Paris known as the Bastille represented royal authority in the centre of Paris. The prison contained just seven inmates at the time of its storming but was a symbol of the abuse of the monarchy: its fall was the flashpoint of the French Revolution.
  • Execution od Louis XVI (France)

    Execution od Louis XVI (France)
    The execution of Louis XVI, by means of the guillotine, took place on 21 January 1793 at the Place de la Révolution in Paris. It was a major event of the French Revolution. After events on the 10 August 1792, which saw the fall of the monarchy after the attack on the Tuileries by insurgents, Louis was arrested, interned in the Temple prison with his family, tried for high treason before the National Conventi
  • War of pyrenees

    War of pyrenees
    The War of the Pyrenees was the Pyrenean front of the First Coalition's war against the First French Republic. It pitted Revolutionary France against the kingdoms of Spain and Portugal from March 1793 to July 1795 during the French Revolutionary Wars.The war was fought in the eastern Pyrenees, the western Pyrenees, at the French port of Toulon, and at sea. In 1793, a Spanish army invaded Roussillon in the eastern Pyrenees and maintained itself on French soil through April 1794.
  • The Second Treaty of San Ildefonso

    The Second Treaty of San Ildefonso
    The Second Treaty of San Ildefonso was signed on 19 August 1796 between Spain and the First French Republic. Based on the terms of the agreement, France and Spain would become allies and combine their forces against the British Empire.
  • Napoleon First Consul

    Napoleon First Consul
  • The Third Treaty of San Ildefonso

    The Third Treaty of San Ildefonso
    The Third Treaty of San Ildefonso was a treaty between France and Spain in which Spain returned the colonial territory of Louisiana to France. The treaty was concluded on 1 October 1800 between Louis Alexandre Berthier representing France and Don Mariano Luis de Urquijo for Spain. The treaty was negotiated under some duress, as Spain was under pressure from Napoleon, although Spain did gain the Tuscany area.
  • Battle of Trafalgar

    Battle of Trafalgar
    The Battle of Trafalgar was a naval engagement fought by the Royal Navy against the combined fleets of the French and Spanish Navies, during the War of the Third Coalition (of the Napoleonic Wars.
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    Peninsular War

    Was a military conflict between Napoleon's empire and the allied powers of Spain, Britain and Portugal for control of the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic Wars.The war started when French and Spanish armies invaded and occupied Portugal in 1807, and escalated in 1808 when France turned on Spain, its ally until then.The Peninsular War overlaps with what the Spanish-speaking world calls the Guerra de la Independencia Española. The French occupation destroyed the Spanish administration.
  • Treaty of Fontainebleau

    Treaty of Fontainebleau
    The Treaty of Fontainebleau was signed on 27 October 1807 in Fontainebleau between Charles IV of Spain and Napoleon I of France. The accord proposed the division of the Kingdom of Portugal and all Portuguese dominions between the signatories.
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    Joseph-Napoléon Bonaparte ( Reign )

    The Josephine State had its legal basis in the Bayonne Statute.Joseph Bonaparte promulgated the Statute of Bayonne on 7 July 1808. Napoleonic Spain was the part of Spain loyal to Joseph I during the Peninsular War after the country was partially occupied by French forces.
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    Reign Joseph Bonaparte

    Napoleonic Spain was the part of Spain loyal to Joseph I during the Peninsular War after the country was partially occupied by French forces. The Josephine State had its legal basis in the Bayonne Statute. Joseph Bonaparte promulgated the Statute of Bayonne on 7 July 1808.
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    Ferdinand VII (1st Period)

    He was twice King of Spain: in 1808 and again from 1813 to his death. He reestablished the absolutist monarchy and rejected the liberal constitution of 1812.He proved in many ways the basest king in Spanish history.He thought only in terms of his power and security and was unmoved by the enormous sacrifices of Spanish people to retain their independence and preserve his throne.
  • Abdication of Bayonne

    Abdication of Bayonne
    It forced abdications of the Kings of Spain that led to the Spanish War of Independence (1808-1814), which must not be confused with the Peninsular War.
  • First Constitution

    First Constitution
    The Spanish Constitution of 1812 was established on 19 March 1812 by the Cádiz Cortes, Spain's first national sovereign assembly, the Cortes Generales in refuge in Cádiz during the Peninsular War. It established the principles of universal male suffrage, national sovereignty, constitutional monarchy and freedom of the press, and supported land reform and free enterprise.
  • Riego´s Pronunciamiento

    Riego´s Pronunciamiento
    Riego was a Spanish general and liberal politician
    Riego 's troops marched through different Andalusian cities with hopes of starting an anti-absolutist uprising against the popular indifference. Although the statement was not stifled ,
  • The Hundred Thousand Sons of Saint Louis

    The Hundred Thousand Sons of Saint Louis
    The Hundred Thousand Sons of Saint Louis was a French contingent Spanish volunteers who fought in Spain in 1823 in defense of the old regime by advocating Fernando VII of Spain , ending the Realistic War and the Liberal Triennium
  • Pragmatic Sanction of 1830

    Pragmatic Sanction of 1830
    The Pragmatic Sanction of 1830 by King Ferdinand VII of Spain, ratified a Decree of 1789 by Charles IV of Spain, which had replaced the semi-Salic system established by Philip V of Spain with the mixed succession system that predated the Bourbon monarchy
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    Isabella II

    as queen regnant of Spain from 1833 until 1868. Her succession was disputed by the Carlists, who refused to recognise a female sovereign, leading to the Carlist Wars. After a troubled reign, she was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1868, and formally abdicated in 1870. A period of palace intrigues, back-stairs and antechamber influences, barracks conspiracies, and military pronunciamientos to further the ends of the political parties.
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    The Carlist Wars

    The Carlist Wars were a series of civil wars that took place in Spain during the 19th century. The First Carlist War (1833-1840) lasted more than seven years and the fighting spanned most of the country. The Second Carlist War (1846-1849) was a minor Catalan uprising. The rebels tried to install Carlos VI on the throne. he Third Carlist War (1872-1876) began in the aftermath of the deposition of one ruling monarch and abdication of another. Queen Isabella II was overthrown.
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    Regency Maria Christina

    When Ferdinand died on 29 September 1833, Maria Christina became regent for their daughter Isabella. Isabella's claim to the throne was disputed by her uncle, the Infante Carlos,but some supporters of Don Carlos went so far as to claim that Ferdinand had actually bequeathed the crown to his brother but that Maria Christina had suppressed that fact. Maria Christina successfully retained the throne for her daughter. The supporters of Maria Christina favored a liberal constitution.
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    The Glorious Revolution

    The Glorious Revolution (Spanish: La Gloriosa) took place in Spain in 1868, resulting in the deposition of Queen Isabella II.
    In September 1868 naval forces under admiral Juan Bautista Topete mutinied in Cadiz, this was the same city where a half-century before, Rafael del Riego had launched his coup against Isabella's father.When the generals Prim and Francisco Serrano denounced the government, much of the army defected to the revolutionary generals on their arrival in Spain.
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    Amadus of Savoy

    Amadeo I was the only King of Spain from the House of Savoy. He was the second son of King Vittorio Emanuele II of Italy and was known for most of his life as the Duke of Aosta, but reigned briefly as King of Spain.He was elected by the Cortes as Spain's monarch, following the deposition of Isabella II, and sworn in the following year.His reign was fraught with growing republicanism, Carlist rebellions in the north. He abdicated and returned to Italy and the First Spanish Republic was the result
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    First Spanish Republic

    was the short-lived political regime that existed in Spain between the parliamentary proclamationwhen General Arsenio Martínez-Campos's pronunciamento marked the beginning of the Bourbon Restoration in Spain. The Republic's founding started with the abdication as King on 10 February 1873 of Amadeo I, following the Hidalgo Affair, when he had been required by the radical government to sign a decree against the artillery officers.