Spain in the 18th and 19th centuries

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    SPAIN IN 18th AND 19th CENTURY

  • Charles II death

    Charles II death
    he is noted for his extensive physical, intellectual, and emotional disabilities along with his consequent ineffectual rule.
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    Philip V Reign

    Philip V also known as "el Animoso" was the last monarch successor of Charles II making him the king of Spain.
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    War of Spanish Succession

    The death of Charles II without descendents led to this war of Succession which later turned into a civil war.
  • Treaty of Utrecht

    Treaty of Utrecht
    The Treaty of Utrecht, which established the Peace of Utrecht, is a series of individual peace treaties, rather than a single document, signed by the belligerents in the War of the Spanish Succession, in the Dutch city of Utrecht in March and April 1713.
  • New Foundation Laws

    The New Foundation Laws ( Decretos de nueva plants ) were a number of decrees signed between 1707 and 1716 by Philip V, the first Bourbon king of Spain, during and shortly after the end of the War of the Spanish Succession by the Treaty of Utrecht.
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    Louis I Reign

    His reign was one of the shortest of Spain lasting just above 7 months.
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    Ferdinand VI Reign

    Ferdinand VI called the Learned was the fourth son of Philip V and the third member of the Bourbon dynasty.
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    Charles III Reign

    As duke of Parma he conquered the kingdoms of Naples and Sicily being the fifth son of Philip V and married the princess Maria Amalia of Saxony.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    SIgned by the kingdoms og Graet Britain, France and Spain to end the Seven Years' War
  • Esquilache Riots

    Esquilache Riots
    Mutiny made during the rule of Charles III caused mostly by the growing discontent in Madrid about the rising costs of bread and other staples.
  • Jesuits expelled by bourbons

    Jesuits expelled by bourbons
    The Jesuits, with their vow of obedience to the Pope, defended the monarchical model but not regal absolutism. This is the main reason why their expulsion was settled
  • American declaration of independence

    American declaration of independence
    To anounce and explain separation from Great Britain
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    Charles IV Reign

    Second son of Charles III whose first son didn't arrive the throne becouse suffered disabilities and epilepsy.
  • Storming of the Bastille (French Revolution)

    Storming of the Bastille (French Revolution)
    It was a symbol of the abuses of the monarchy. Its fall was the flashpoint of the French Revolution.
  • Execution of Luis XVI

    Execution of Luis XVI
    He was the first victim of the Reign of Terror.
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    War of Pyrenees

    It was the First Coalition's war against the First French Republic. Called like that becouse was fought in eastern and western Pyrenees, French port of Toulon and at sea.
  • War of pyrenees

    War of pyrenees
    The War of the Pyrenees, also known as War of Roussillon or War of the Convention, was the Pyrenean front of the First Coalition's war against the First French Republic.
  • Treaty of San Ildefonso

    Treaty of San Ildefonso
    It was a secret agreement between France and Spain during Napoleonic Wars.
  • Napoleon became First Consul

    Napoleon became First Consul
    Napoleon declared himself First Consul for life.
  • The Battle Of Trfalgar

    The Battle Of Trfalgar
    The battle was the most decisive naval victory of the Napoleonic wars.
  • Treaty of Fontainebleau

    Treaty of Fontainebleau
    The treaty was between Charles IV of Spain and Napoleon I of France. The accord proposed the division of the Kingdom of Portugal and all Portuguese dominions between the signatories.
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    Ferdinand VII First Period

    Retoration of absolutism accured and Ferdinand abolished the constitution of 1812 and ruled as an absolute monarch
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    Peninsular War

    Military conflict of Napoleon's empire and the allied territories of Spain, Britain and Portugal for the control of the Iberian Peninsula..
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    Joseph I Bonaparte

    Elder brother of Napoleon, king of Naples and Socily and later of Spain.
  • First Constitution

    First Constitution
    The constitution was established by the Cádiz Cortes, Spain's first national sovereign assembly
  • Abdication of Bayonne

    Abdication of Bayonne
    The Abdications of Bayonne is the name given to a series of forced abdications of the Kings of Spain that led to the Spanish War of Independence.
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    Ferdinand VII Second Period

    Riegos Pronouncment was made, and as result the constitution was restored
  • 100.000 sons of Saint Louis

    100.000 sons of Saint Louis
    Name of the French army lead ny the king Louis XVIII to help the Spanish royalists to restore the absolute power.
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    Ferdinand VII Third Period

    Ferdinand asked the Holy Alliance to assist him in re-establishing the absolutism, lasting ten years of repression and persecution causing the victory of absolutism
  • Pragmatic Sanction

    Pragmatic Sanction
    It was issued by the King Ferdinand VII when he ratified a Decree of 1789 by Charles IV of Spain, which had replaced the semi-Salic system established by Philip V of Spain with the mixed succession system that predated the Bourbon monarchy (seen also as Carlism).
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    First Carlist War

    The fighting spanned most of the country at one time or another, although the main conflict centered on the Carlist homelands of the Basque Country and Aragon, Catalonia and Valencia.
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    Isabella II

    She came to the throne as an infant, but her succession was disputed by the Carlists, who refused to recognise a female sovereign, leading to the Carlist Wars.
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    Regency of Mª Cristina

    When Ferdinand died on 29 September 1833, Maria Christina became regent for their daughter Isabella.
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    Regency of Espartero

    For two years Espartero ruled Spain, as its 18th Prime Minister
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    Second Carkist Civil War

    was a minor Catalan uprising. The rebels tried to install Carlos VI on the throne. In Galicia, the uprising was on a smaller scale and was put down by General Ramón María Narváez.
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    Spanish Glorious Revolution

    This led to the deposition of Queem Isabella II and the leaders of the revolution recruited an Italian Prince (Amadeo Of Savoy)
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    Amadeus Of Savoy

    After diposing of Isabella II the new Cortes decided to reinstate the monarchy under a new dynasty. The Duke of Aosta was elected King as Amadeus (Amadeo)
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    Third Catalist Civil War

    began in the aftermath of the deposition of one ruling monarch and abdication of another.Queen Isabella II was overthrown and left Spain in some disgrace.
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    First Republic

    Started with the abdication of Amadeus of Savoy, the republic was declared by a majority made up of radicals, republicans and democrats.