Spain in 18th and 19th centuries

  • Jan 1, 1539


    On 15 August 1534, Ignatius of Loyolaand six other students at the University of Parisfrom Spain,met in Montmartre outside Paris,They called themselves the Company of Jesus, and also Amigos en El Señor or "Friends in the Lord", because they felt "they were placed together by Christ''.The Suppression of the Jesuits in the Spanish Empire by 1767 was troubling to the Society's defender, Pope Clement XIII. A decree signed under secular pressure by Pope Clement XIV in July 1773 suppressed the Order.
  • Elisabeth Farnese

    Elisabeth Farnese
    (25 October 1692 – 11 July 1766) His policy was oriented to recover for the Spanish monarchy Italian territories lost by the Treaty of Utrecht. So, she got to his son Charles (the future Charles III) the kingdom of Naples and Sicily besides giving her other son, Philip, the Duchy of Parma. When widowed, her stepson, Ferdinand VI of Spain, banished to the Real Sitio de San Ildefonso in Segovia, although her ​​other residence was built near the Royal Palace of Riofrio.
  • Charles II died.

    Charles II died.
    Charles II, king of Spain, died in 1700 without an heir.
  • Philip V

    Philip V
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    Reing of Philip V

  • War of Spanish sucession

    War of Spanish sucession
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    War of spanish sucession

    The war of spanish sucession was a fougth between European powers , included a divided Spain over who had the right to succeeded Charles II as king of Spain.
    The candidates to the thrown were Philip V ( Philip of anjou ) and Charles of Austria .
    There were three treaties one is the treaty of Utrecht (1713)
    The treaty of Rastatt (1714) and the treaty of Baden (1714)
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    Decretos de Nueva Planta

    Were a number of decrees signed between 1707 and 1716 by Philip V—the first Bourbon king of Spain—during and shortly after the end of the War of the Spanish Succession by the Treaty of Utrecht.
    Philip V suppressed the institutions, privileges, and the ancient charters of almost all the areas that were formerly part of the Crown of Aragon (Aragon, Catalonia, Valencia, and the Balearic Islands).
  • Isabel of Parma

    Isabel of Parma
    She was the consort queen of spain.She want italian territories for her sons.
  • Louis I

    Louis I
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    Reing of Louis I son of Philip V

  • José Moñino y Redondo, I conde de Floridablanca

    José Moñino y Redondo, I conde de Floridablanca
    He was a Spanish statesman. He was arguably Spain's most effective statesman in the eighteenth century.As master of Spain's foreign policy, Floridablanca sought prominently to restore the economic well-being of Spain. He concluded trade agreements with Morocco and the Ottoman Empire and believed that good relations with Great Britain were key to Spain's growth. In spite of this, he was drawn reluctantly into the American War of Independence on the side of France and the American rebels.
  • The First Family Compact

    King Philip V of Spain and King Louis XV of France in the Treaty of the Escorial.
    Philip V formed a plan to use this conflict to win back lost territory in Italy for his sons. He allied Spain to France. Because of his close relationship with Louis XV their alliance became known as the Family Compact. Louis failed to restore Stanislas to the Polish throne, but the Bourbons would gain the Duchy of Lorraine (for France) and the Kingdoms of Naples and Sicily.
  • The Second Family Compact

    King Philip V of Spain and King Louis XV of France in the Treaty of Fontainebleau.
    This pact was signed in the middle of the War of Austrian Succession, and most of its clauses had to do with the conduct of the war. The result was the expansion of Spanish influence in Italy when Philip V's fourth son Philip, became in 1748 Duke of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla.
  • Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos

    Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos
    Melchor de Jovellanos was born the 5 January 1744 at Gijón in Asturias, Spain and died the 27 November 1811. Selecting law as his profession, he studied at Oviedo, Ávila, and the University of Alcalá, before becoming a criminal judge at Seville in 1767.
    He was fan of goya and he was painted be him.
  • Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes

    Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes
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    Francisco de Goya y Lucientes

    Was a Spanish romantic painter and printmaker regarded both as the last of the Old Masters and the first of the moderns. Goya was court painter to the Spanish Crown.
  • Ferdinad VI

    Ferdinad VI
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    Reing of Ferdinand VI

  • The canal of Castille

    The canal of Castille
    It was built the 16 of july of 1753 , it runs through the provinces of Burgos, Palencia and Valladolid, in the autonomous community of Castile and León. It is one of the country's few canals.
    It was built to ease the wheat grain transport from Castile to the northern harbours and to other markets from there.
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    The Seven Years' War

    The Seven Years War, a global conflict known in America as the French and Indian War, officially begins when England declares war on France. However, fighting and skirmishes between England and France had been going on in North America for years.The Seven Years War ended with the signing of the treaties of Hubertusburg and Paris in February 1763. In the Treaty of Paris, France lost all claims to Canada and gave Louisiana to Spain, while Britain received Spanish Florida, Upper Canada, and various
  • Charles III

    Charles III
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    Reing of Charles III

  • The Thrid Family Compact

    King Charles III of Spain and Louis XV in the Treaty of Paris.
    Both England and France sought Spanish support in the Seven Years War, but England's attack on Spanish colonies and shipping alienated Charles III of Spain and the king rejected the English offer in favor of the proposal made by the French minister, the duc de Choiseul. The pact, which dealt with political and commercial relations and with the entry of Spain into the war.
  • The treaty of Paris

    The treaty of Paris
    It was signed on 10 February 1763 by the kingdoms of Great Britain, France and Spain, with Portugal in agreement, after Britain's victory over France and Spain during the Seven Years' War. Spain restored all their conquests to Britain and Portugal. Britain restored Manila and Havana to Spain, and Guadeloupe, Martinique, Saint Lucia, Gorée, the Indian factories to FranceIn return. Spain ceded Florida to Britain. France had already secretly given Louisiana to Spain in the Treaty of Fontainebleau.
  • Esquilache Riots

    Esquilache Riots
    His name was Leopoldo de Gregorio Marquis of
    Esquilache, was an Italian statesman who acted as minister of Charles III of Spain.
    The Esquilache Riots occurred in March 1766 during the rule of Charles III of Spain.This riot was caused because of the rising cost of bread and many others causes but the most important one was the prohibition of traditional capes and wide-brimmed hats because they allowed criminals to conceal their faces, because of that people get furios and started to revolt.
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    Francisco Goya's tapestry cartoons

  • La caza del jabalí tapestry in 1775 by Goya

    La caza del jabalí tapestry in 1775 by Goya
  • Portrait of Charles III by Goya, 1786-1788.

    Portrait of Charles III by Goya, 1786-1788.
  • Charles IV

    Charles IV
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    Reing of Charles IV

  • Tomás de Zumalacárregui y de Imaz

    Tomás de Zumalacárregui y de Imaz
    Know as "Tio Tomas" was a Spanish soldier who became Carlist general during the First Carlist War. Sometimes it was nicknamed the "Tiger of Amescoas"
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    War of Pyrenees

    The war of Pyrenees also known as War of Roussillon or War of the Convention was the Pyrenean front of the First Coalition's war against the First French Republic t pitted Revolutionary France against the kingdoms of Spain and Portugal from March 1793 to July 1795.Spain lost the eastern two thirds of the Hispaniola in exchange for keeping Gipuzkoa. Spanish Basques and France annex a treaty that guarantees receiving no reprisals from Spanish authorities.
  • Los Caprichos

    Los Caprichos
    Los Caprichos are a set of 80 aquatint prints created by the Spanish artist Francisco Goya in 1797 and 1798, and published as an album in 1799. The prints were an artistic experiment: a medium for Goya's condemnation of the universal follies and foolishness in the Spanish society in which he lived.
  • Charles IV families paintings

    Charles IV families paintings
    In 1799, Goya was made First Court Painter, with an annual salary of 50,000 reales and an allowance for coach. It was during this time that he painted Charles IV of Spain and His Family. Goya completed this painting, modeled in the casual style of Velazquez’s Las Meninas, for the royal family of Spain.
  • The treaty of Fontainebleau

    The treaty of Fontainebleau
    The Treaty of Fontainebleau was signed on October 27, 1807 in the French town of Fontainebleau between their plenipotentiary representatives of Manuel Godoy, favorite of the Spanish King Charles IV, and Napoleon Bonaparte. In it the French-Spanish joint military invasion of Portugal (which had joined England) stipulated and allowed for this step of French troops from Spanish territory, becoming the forerunner of the later French invasion of the Iberian Peninsula and the War of Independence.
  • Ferdinand VII

    Ferdinand VII
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    Reing of Ferdinand VII

  • The Second of May 1808, by Goya

    The Second of May 1808, by Goya
    The Second of May 1808 depicts the beginning of the uprising when the Mamelukes of the elite French Imperial Guard are ordered to charge and subdue the rioting citizens. The crowd sees the Mamelukes as Moors, provoking an angry response. Instead of dispersing, the crowd turned on the charging Mamelukes, resulting in a ferocious melee.
  • The Third of May 1808, by Goya

    The Third of May 1808, by Goya
    The Third of May 1808 is set in the early hours of the morning following the uprising and centers on two masses of men: one a rigidly poised firing squad, the other a disorganized group of captives held at gun point. Executioners and victims face each other abruptly across a narrow space; according to Kenneth Clark, "by a stroke of genius [Goya] has contrasted the fierce repetition of the soldiers' attitudes and the steely line of their rifles, with the crumbling irregularity of their target.
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    Absolutist period

    During the first phase of the reign, between the years 1814 and 1820, the king restored the absolutism preceding the constitutional period. It was a period of persecution of liberals, which, supported by the Army, the bourgeoisie and secret organizations such as the freemasons, tried to revolt several times to restore the Constitution. During the period disappeared the free press, the regional councils and city councils and constitutional were closed the universities.
  • (Duelo a garrotazos), Fight with Cudgels, 1819-1823

    (Duelo a garrotazos), Fight with Cudgels, 1819-1823
    The black paintings is the name given to a group of fourteen paintings by Francisco Goya from the later years of his life, likely between 1819 and 1823. They portray intense, haunting themes, reflective of both his fear of insanity and by then, his bleak outlook on humanity.
  • Riego's Pronunciamiento

    Riego's Pronunciamiento
    The so-called Pronunciamiento de Riego's, was a military coup d'état Progresistas, carried out by the commander Riego's on 1 January 1820 in Cabezas de San Juan . In a solemn ceremony and brilliant military stop , in the plaza de Cabezas de San Juan, Riego's emits a side that promulgates the until then repealed Liberal Constitution in 1812. With this coup d'état, ends the absolutist government developed by Fernando VII during the first stage of his reign.
  • Isabela II

    Isabela II
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    Isabela II

  • Amadeo I

    Amadeo I
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    Amadeo I

  • Juan Prim

    Juan Prim
    Don Juan Prim y Prats was a Spanish general and statesman. On the 6 November 1870 Amadeo, Duke of Aosta, was elected king of Spain, but General Prim, on leaving the chamber of the Cortes on 28 December, was shot by unknown assassins and died two days later.
  • First Republic

    First Republic
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    First Republic

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    Estanislao Figueras y Moragas

    Was a Spanish politician who served as the first President of the First Spanish Republic from 12 February to 11 June 1873).
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    Francisco Pi y Margall

    Was a liberal Catalan statesman and romanticist writer. He was briefly president of the short-lived First Spanish Republic in 1873.
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    Nicolás Salmerón Alonso

    Was a Spanish politician, president of the First Spanish Republic.
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    Emilio Castelar y Ripoll

    Was a Spanish republican politician, and a president of the First Spanish Republic.
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    Francisco Serrano y Domínguez

    Was a Spanish marshal and statesman. He was Prime Minister of Spain and regent in 1868-1869.
  • Restoration of the monarchy

    The Restorationwas the name given to the period that began on 29 December 1874 after the First Spanish Republic ended with the restoration of the monarchy under Alfonso XII after a coup d'état by Martinez Campos, and ended on 14 April 1931 with the proclamation of the Second Spanish Republic.