Spain in the 18th and 19th century

  • Isabel of Farnese

    Isabel of Farnese
    She is the daughter of Odoardo Farnese and Dorothea Sophie of Neuburg, was Queen consort of Spain who exerted great influence over Spain's foreign policy. She married with Philip V in 1714.
  • charles ii death

    charles ii death
    Charles suffered a sudden apoplectic fit on the morning of 2 February 1685, and died aged 54. The suddenness of his illness and death led to suspicion of poison in the minds of many, including one of the royal doctors; however, more modern medical analysis has held that the symptoms of his final illness are similar to those of uraemia .He died without her.
  • Philip V

    Philip V
    Was King of Spain from 1 November 1700 to 15 January 1724, when he abdicated in favor of his son Louis, and from 6 September 1724, when he assumed the throne again upon his son's death, to his death.
    His father was Louis, Dauphin of France, and his mother Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria.
    First marriage: On 2 November 1701 Philip married the 13-year old Maria Luisa of Savoy, as chosen by his grandfather.
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    Philip V

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    War Of The Spanish Succesion

    Location:Europe, North America and west indies.
    Result:Treaty of Utrecht (1713)
    Treaty of Rastatt (1714)
    Treaty of Baden (1714)
    Philip is recognised as King of Spain, but renounces any claim to the throne of France.
    Spain and Britain sign the Asiento.
    They signed the treaty of Utrecht.
  • Decretos de la Nueva Planta

    Decretos de la Nueva Planta
    The decrees were signed between 1707 and 1716 during the War of The Spanish Succession by the Treaty of Utrecht.
  • Louis I

    Louis I
    Was king of Spain from 15 January 1724 until his death in August the same year.One of the shortest reing in history.
    His Father was Philip V of Spain and his mother was Maria Luisa of Savoy.
    Louis ruled for a short period between the time his father Philip V.
    He married Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans, there were no children of the marriage and Louise Élisabeth refused to even see her husband.
  • Pragmatic Sanction of 1713

    Pragmatic Sanction of 1713
    Was an edict issued by Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI to ensure that the hereditary possessions of the Habsburgs could be inherited by a daughter.
    -Events leading to the Pragmatic Sanction:
    In 1700, the senior line of the House of Habsburg went extinct with the death of King Charles II of Spain. The War of the Spanish Succession ensued, with Louis XIV of France claiming the crowns of Spain for his grandson Philip and Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I claiming them for his son Charles.
  • Treaty of Utrecht

    Treaty of Utrecht
    Established the Peace of Utrecht, is a series of individual eace treaties, rather than a single document, signed by the belligerents in the War of the Spanish Succession, in the Dutch city of Utrecht in March and April 1713. The treaties between several European states, including Spain, Great Britain, France, Portugal, Savoy and the Dutch Republic, helped end the war.
  • Ferdinand VI

    Ferdinand VI
    Called the Learned, was king of Spain from 9 July 1746 until his death. Married Maria Luisa of Savoy.
  • Charles III

    Charles III
    Was king of Spain. He was the fifh son of Philip V of Spain but by his second wife.
    Charles III was convinced of his mission to reform Spain and make it once more a first-rate power.
  • Family Compacts

    Family Compacts
    The strugglñe of power between Britain and France during the 18th century frecuently placed Spain in an awkward situation.
    - First Family Compact (1733)
    - Second Family Compact (1743)
    - Third Family Compact (1761)
  • Francisco de Goya

    Francisco de Goya
    He was a Spanieh romantic painter. He was court pinter to the Spanish Crown. He has a great variety of works and a free style. Some of his works were The Maja, Disasters of War and Black Paintings.
  • Charles IV

    Charles IV
    Was King of Spain from 14 December 1788 until his abdication on 19 March 1808. Charles IV married his first cousin Maria Louisa, the daughter of Philip, Duke of Parma, in 1765. The couple had fourteen children, six of whom survived into adulthood.
  • Canal of Castille

    Canal of Castille
    The date of inaguration was the 14th December of 1849.
    The uses are tourism, supplied, irrigation, environmental reserve.
    It is located in the provinces of Burgos, Palencia and Valladolid in the autonomous comunity of Castilla-Leon.
  • Seven Years War

    Seven Years War
    was a war that took place between 1754 and 1763. It involved most of the great powers of the time and affected Europe, North America, Central America, the West African coast, India, and the Philippines.
  • Spelled of Jesuits.

    Spelled of Jesuits.
  • Joseph I

    Joseph I
    was the elder brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, who made him King of Naples and Sicily, and later King of Spain. After the fall of Napoleon, Joseph styled himself Comte de Survilliers.
  • Royal tapestry: Hand of the Unicorn

    Royal tapestry: Hand of the Unicorn
    Is a serie of tapestries between 1495 and 1505.
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    Royal Tapestry

    There is Royal Tapestry Factory, was founded by Philip V as a resault of the peace of Utrecht.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    The Treaty of Paris, signed on September 3, 1783, ended the American Revolutionary War between Great Britain. In the treaty there were 10 articles.
  • Marqués de Esquilache

    Marqués de Esquilache
    Was an Italian statesman who acted as minister of Charles III of Spain. Was one of Enlighntment Spain´s leading statesmen from the arrival of Charles III to the Marquis´s death in 1785.He was a military supplier for the Neapolitan army and raised him to royal prominence. He was created "Marquis of Esquilache" in 1755.
  • Tomás de Zumalacárregui

    Tomás de Zumalacárregui
    Was a Basque Carlist general. He was put on half pay by the new authorities and ordered to live under police observation at Pamplona in Navarre. He escaped from Pamplona on the night of 29 October 1833. By July 1834 he had made it safe for Don Carlos to join his headquarters.
  • Goya: painter of Charles III

    Goya: painter of Charles III
    Between that date and the death of the king in 1787 there is no documentary evidence to confirm that Charles III posed for Goya. This would suggest that he artist must have worked from his own visual memory and from paintings by other artists.
  • Manuel Godoy

    Manuel Godoy
    Was the Prime Minister of Spain from 1792 to 1797 and from 1801 to 1808. He received many titles including Prince of the Peace. He came to power at a very young age as the favorite of the king and queen. Despite disaster after disaster he used corruption to maintain power. Many Spanish leaders blamed Godoy for the disastrous war with Britain that cut off Spain's Empire and ruined its finances.
  • Execution of Louis XVI

    Execution of Louis XVI
    Place de la Révolution in Paris, it was a mayor event of the French Revolution. After events on 10th August 1792, which sow the fall of the monarchy sfter the attck on the Tuileries by insulgence, Louis was areested and then went to the guillotine
  • Caprichos

    Are a set of 80 aquatint prints created by the Spanish artist Francisco Goya in 1797 and 1798, and published as an album in 1799. The prints were an artistic experiment: a medium for Goya's condemnation of the universal follies and foolishness in the Spanish society in which he lived.
  • Battle of Trafalgar

    Battle of Trafalgar
    Was a naval engagement fought by the Royal Navy against the French and Spanidh Navies, during the War of the Third Cualitionof the Napoleonic Wars (1803-1815)
  • Napoleonic Troops

    Napoleonic Troops
    People were tired of having French soldiers in Sapin so they revolt the 2nd May 1808.
  • Treaty of Fontainebleau 1807

    Treaty of Fontainebleau 1807
    Was signed between Charles IV of Spain and Napoleon I of France. The accord proposed the division of the Kingdom of Portugal and all Portuguese dominions between the signatories.[1] Individuals such as M. Izquierdo, councilor of Charles IV, and Don Manuel de Godoy were also present during the conclusion of the treaty. Based on the first article of the agreement, the King of Etruria would be granted, in exchange for Tuscany, Portuguese territories between the Minho River and the Douro River
  • Abdication of Bayonne

    Abdication of Bayonne
    Name given to a series of forces abdications of the King of Spain that led to the Peninsular War.The failed El Escorial Conspiracy preceded the Mutiny of Aranjuez. which forced King Charles IV to abdicate to throne to his son Ferdinand VII, by order of the Spanish Royal Council.
  • Ferdinand VII

    Ferdinand VII
    He was twice King of Spain. His reing finish the 29th September of 1833 with his successor Isabella II of Spain. He was known as "Ferdinand the Desired" or the "Felon King".
    His father was Charles IV of Spain and his mother Maria Luisa of Parma.
  • The Second of May 1808

    The Second of May 1808
    Is a painting by the Spanish painter Francisco Goya. It is a companion to the painting The Third of May 1808 and is set in the Calle de Alcalá near Puerta del Sol, Madrid, during the Dos de Mayo Uprising. It depicts one of the many people's rebellions against the French occupation of Spain that sparked the Peninsular War.
    Both paintings were completed in a two-month time frame in 1814. Today they are displayed in Madrid's Museo del Prado.
  • Independence War

    Independence War
    Was a military conflict between France and the allied powers of Spain, the United Kingdom and Portugal for control of the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic Wars. The war started when French and Spanish armies occupied Portugal in 1807, and escalated in 1808 when France turned on Spain, its ally until them.
  • War of Pyreenes

    War of Pyreenes
    Involved several distinct actions. Soult and two French corps fought the reinforced British 4th Division and a Spanish division at the Battle of Roncesvalles.
  • Juan Prim

    Juan Prim
    was a Spanish general and statesman. He participated in the First Carlist War and in the war of Africa. After the Revolutiuon of 1868 became ane of the most influential men in Spainat that time, sponsoring the inaguration of the House of Savoy in the person of Amadeo I. When he went to greet Amadeo and in the travel he get murdered by some men. Then the doctors went rapidly to amputated the arm but finally he died.
  • Black paintings

    Black paintings
    Is the name given to a group of fourteen paintings by Francisco Goya from the later years of his life.
  • Riego´s pronunciamiento

    Riego´s pronunciamiento
    It was a progressive military coup, by major irrigation in a solemn and brilliant act of stop military irrigation emits one side which promulgates until the repealed Liberal Spanish Constitution of 1812.
    With this coup ends the absolutist government developed by Ferdinand VII, during the first estage of his reign, and establishes a liberal government called Liberal Triennium.
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    Absolutist period for ferdinand VII

    Ominous Decade is a term used to define the last ten years of reign of King Ferdinand VII of Spain, dating from the abolition of the Spanish Constitution of 1812, until his death. -Cien mil hijos de S. Louis:
    Was the popular name for a French army mobilized in 1823 by the Bourbon King of France, Louis XVIII to help the Spanish Royalists restore King Ferdinand VII of Spain to the absolute power of which he had been deprived during the Liberal Triennium. The number of troops were 60.000.
  • Date Goya was deaf

    Date Goya was deaf
    His health was very delicate, not only by the tumor that had been diagnosed some time ago, but because of a recent fall down the stairs that confined him to bed, prostration of no longer recover. After a decline earlier this month, Goya dies.
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    First Carlist War

    Was a civil war in Spain from 1833 to 1839, fought between factions over the succession to the throne and the nature of the Spanish monarchy. It was fought between supporters of the regent, Maria Christina, acting for Isabella II of Spain, and those of the late king's brother, Carlos de Borbón.C
  • Isabel II of Spain

    Isabel II of Spain
    Successor of Ferdinand VII, her reing was until 1868. She was the eldest daughter of King Ferdinand VII of Spain. SHe succeeded to the trone because Ferdinand VII had induced the General Courts to help him set aside the Salic law and to re-establish the older succession law of Spain.
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    Regencies of Isabella II

    There are three regents during the minority of Isabella.
    The first is her mother: Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, ruling from the death of her husbnd (29 September 1833) to 12 October 1840.
    The second and third regent rules Baldomero Espartero. The second form 12 October 1840 to 10 May 1841 and the third from 10 May 1841 to 23 July 1843, Isabella II's mayority.
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    Second Carlist War

    Was a short civil war fought primarily in Catalonia by the Carlists under General Ramón Cabrera against the forces of the government of Isabella II. Spreading to Galicia.
  • Glorious Revolution

    Glorious Revolution
    The deposition of Queen Isabella II lead an Italian prince, Amadeo of Savoy, as king. His reign lasted two years, and he was replaced by the first Spanish Republic, that also lasted two years, until leaders in 1875 proclaimed Isabella's son,
    An 1866 rebellion led by General Juan Prim and a revolt of the sergeants ent a signal to Spanish liberals and republicans that there was serious unrest that could be harnessed if it were properly led.Liberals and republican made agreements at Ostend in 1867
  • Amadeus of Savoy

    Amadeus of Savoy
    Amadeus had to deal with difficult situations like republican conspiracies and could only count on the support of the progressive party, whose leaders were trading off in the government thanks to parliamentary majority.
    With the possibility of reigning without popular support, he issued an order against the artillery corps and then immediately abdicated from the Spanish throne.
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    Third Carlist War

    Was the last Carlist War in Spain. Often referred to as the Second Carlist War, because the second last very a small period of time. During this conflict, Carlist forces managed to occupy several towns in the interior of Spain.
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    Estanislao Figueras

    Was a Spanish politician who served as the first President of the First Spanish Republic. He led the Republican Party after Queen Isabella II was overthrown in 1868. He briefly became President after King Amadeo abdicated. He was succeeded as President by Francisco Pi y Margall. After the 1875 restoration of the monarchy he withdrew from public life.
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    Francisco Pi y Margall

    Was a liberal Catalan statesman and romanticist writer. He was briefly president of the short-lived First Spanish Republic.
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    Nicolás Salmerón y Alonso

    Was a Spanish politician, president of the First Spanish Republic.When the revolution of September 1868 broke out, he was at Almería recovering from a serious illness. Salmerón was elected to the Cortes in 1871, and though he did not belong to the Socialist Party, defended its right to toleration. When Amadeo of Savoy resigned the Spanish crown on the 11th of February 1873 Salmerón was naturally marked out to be a leader of the party which endeavoured to establish a republic in Spain.
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    Emilio Castelar y Ripoll

    Was a Spanish republican politician, and a president of the First Spanish Republic. He was an eloquent and literary man. He was appointed dictator of Spain in 1873, but not being equal to the exigency in the affairs of the state, he resigned, and made way for the return of monarchy, though under protest. He wrote a history of the Republican Movement in Europe among other works of political interest.
  • Restoration of the Monarchy

    Restoration of the Monarchy
    Was the name given to the period after the First Spanish Republic ended with the restoration of the monarchy under Alfonso XII after a coup d'état by Martinez Campos, and ended on 14 April 1931 with the proclamation of the Second Spanish Republic. The pronunciamiento by Martinez Campos established Alfonso XII as king marking the end of the First Spanish Republic.
  • Jovellanos

    Was the author of El Pelayo (1769).
    He is a major figure of the Age of Enlightenment in Spain. He realized the importance of undernstanding the past, without any attempt to improve the present.
    He was an indefatigable collector and copier of documents.
    He was not a proffesional historian, was abreast of the most advanced of his time. His emphasis on the importance of the unique national character.
  • Charles IV of Spain and his Family

    Charles IV of Spain and his Family
    is an oil on canvas painting by the Spanish artist Francisco Goya who began work on this painting in 1800 and completed It in the summer of 1801. It features life sized depictions of Charles IV of Spain and his family, ostentatiously dressed in fine costume and jewelry. The painting was modeled after Velázquez's Las Meninas when setting the royal subjects in a naturalistic and plausible setting