The French Revolution and Napoleon

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    National Constituent Assembly

    The National Constituent Assembly was the first constituent assembly of France. They abolished feudalism, they tried to create a monarchical regime in which the legislative and executive powers were shared between the king and the assembly. The National Assembly, played a major role in the French Revolution. It represented the common people of France and demanded that the king make economic reforms. The constitution established a limited monarchy, with a clear separation of powers.
  • Formal opening of the Estates General

    Formal opening of the Estates General
    The opening of the Estates General was on the 5th of May in 1789 in Versailles. It marked the start of the French Revolution. It was a general assembly representing the French estates of the realm summoned by Louis XVI to propose solutions to France financial problems. One important result of this Estates General meeting was the end of feudalism in France. In 1789 they ended when the Third Estate formed the National Assembly against the wishes of the King.
  • Tennis Court Oath

    Tennis Court Oath
    It was in the 20 of June in 1789, it was a union commitment. They were excluded from their regular meeting place by King Louis XVI. And make them to create a written constitution for France.
    While King Louis, locked them out of their meeting hall they gathered on a tennis court oath that said that they would not stop meeting until France had a constitution.
  • Storming of the Bastille

    Storming of the Bastille
    The storming of the Bastille occurred in Paris on Tuesday, July 14, 1789. It was a state prison on the east side of Paris, known as the Bastille, it was attacked. The prison had become a symbol of the monarchy's dictatorial rule. The main reason for the storming in Bastille was because the hungry due to a lack of food from poor harvests and because the conditions of their lives and annoyed with their King and Government.
  • The August Decrees

    The August Decrees
    It was a significant development. There were nineteen decrees made in August of 1789 by the National Constituent Assembly during the French Revolution. They abolished feudalism in France and ended the priviledges of the upper classes. There were 18 decrees on articles concerning feudalism and also other priviledges of the nobility. They stripped away the domination and priviledges of nobility, creating a society based on individualism, equality and merit.
  • The Declaration of Rights of Man of the Citizens

    The Declaration of Rights of Man of the Citizens
    It was created in 1789, inspired by the American Declaration of Independence in 1776 and the spirit of the Enlightenment marked the beginning of a new political erea. It born an idea of the Constituent Assembly, which was formed by the assembly of the Estates General to draft a new Constitution. The Declaration proclaims that all citizens have to be guaranteed the rights of liberty, property, security. The main point, is that all people had natural rights, such as men are born free.
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    Legislative Assembly

    The Legislative Assembly was the governing body of France. It replaced the National Constituent Assembly. It was the legislature of the Kingdom of France, during the years of the French Revolution. It provided a political debate and law making between the periods of the National Constituent Assembly. They made an article which said that the legislature should make no law on the status of unfree persons in the colonies except at the specific requests on the colonial assemblies.
  • The Flight to Varennes

    The Flight to Varennes
    The royal Flight to Varennes was during the night of 20 21 June 1791. It was a significant event in the French Revolution in which King Louis XVI of France and Queen Marie Antoinette tried to escape from Paris in order to initiate a counter-revolution. They failed in their attempt to escape abroad, when they discovered that he left a document explaining the reasons for his leaft. The authorities ordered the arrest of anyone who leaves the kingdom
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    National Convetion

    The National Convention was an assembly, meeting in France. This was the third assembly of the French Revolution. It came after the Legislative Assembly and founded the First Republic. The convention was a constituent assembly that concentrated executive powers, political parties hold national conventions to finalize their selection of presidential and vice presidential nominees. The National Convention was elected to provide a new constitution for the country after the overthrow of the monarchy
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    1st French Republic

    The flight from Varennes in June 1791 provoted the first republic. The First French Republic was a series of parliamentary and republican regimes that took place between September 21 of 1792 and May 18 of 1804. This period was characterized by the fall of the French monarchy. It officially began on the day that the deputies of the National Convention approved the abolition of the monarchy, this confirmed the removal of King Louis XVI.
  • The Assembly declares war on Australia

    The Assembly declares war on Australia
    The Legislative Assembly declared revolutionary war on Austria on April 20th 1792. Because Marie Antoinette heard rumors that the Girondins, now part of the king's ministry, were planning a military attack on the Austrian Netherlands. She warned her brother called Leopold.
    So the Girondin ministry declared the war on Austria. Also the Legislative Assembly declared war. The national assembly declared war on Australia and this launched the War of the First Coalition.
  • Storming on the Tuileries Palace

    Storming on the Tuileries Palace
    I'ts significant because it ended the French monarchy and because it put revolutionary power into the hands of the the lower classes. It was a conflict between King Louis XVI of France and the country's new revolutionary Legislative Assembly.This event of violence used against the royal family caused the destruction of Paris.French population and the Revolutionaries took this as proof that their king was collaborating with the kings of Austria.They demanded the National Assembly and depose him.
  • Execution of Louis XVI

    Execution of Louis XVI
    Louis XVI, king of France, was executed during the French Revolution. He was brought to trail and was executed by guillotine. After voting to find the King guilty, the deputies held votes on his punishment. By a single vote, Louis was sentenced to death. For the first time in a many years, the French population were not ruled by a monarch. Also, his wife, Mary Antoinette, was executed in the same way nine months later afetr Louis XVI death.
  • Execution of Robespierre

    Execution of Robespierre
    Tired of his oppressive leadership, a group of revolutionaries staged a coup. They took control of the Committee and arrested Robespierre. On the afternoon of the 9th he was accused of tyranny and arrested by the Convention. The next day he died on the guillotine, he was taken to the Place of the Revolution where they were executed. He followed the ideas of Rousseau, he fought monarchical absolutism and defended free education and the abolishment of slavery and the death penalty.
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    It was the government of France from November 1795 to 1799. A period that ended the last four years of the French Revolution. The directory was the penultimate form of government adopted by the French Republic. It was Established by the Constitution that approved the Thermidorian Convention. They ended with the putsch.
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    The Napoleonic

    The Napoleonic Wars continued the Wars of the French Revolution. There were several conflicts that took place between the First French Empire by Emperor Napoleon I Bonaparte. The Napoleonic Wars constitute a 23 year period of conflicts with the Battle of Waterloo and Napoleon's second abdication in 1815. When Brumaire brought Napoleon Bonaparte to power the second Coalition was against France that began to break up.
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    The Consulate

    Napoleon staged the top level government and appointed himself the France's first consul, it was the highest level Government of France since the fall of the Directory. Napoleon ruled as the First Consul, established himself as the head of a more authoritarian, autocratic, and centralized republican government in France. Some things Napoleon did was to put down rebellions in the French provinces, he created a secret police. And centralized the government of the various French departments.
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    The Empire

    It was the first French Empire, a monarchical government established by Napoleon after the First French Republic. It began in 1804 until 1815, which was the day King Louis XVIII entered Paris.It caused fear by the expansion of the ideas of the French Revolution. In 1812, Napoleon already controlled all western and central Europe. Several absolutist governments were extinct and the ideas of the French revolution were spread through Europe. And a series of was in europe were taken part.
  • Battle of Austerlitz

    Battle of Austerlitz
    First engagement of the War of the Third Coalition and one of Napoleon's greatest victories.The battle occurred near the town of Austerlitz in the Austrian Empire. The battle of Austerlitz, was in 1805, a French army led by the Emperor Napoleon against the Russian-Austrian forces, against Alexander. It was one of Napoleon's greatest victories. After fighting an Austrian army in battle, French forces managed to take Vienna in November 1805.
  • Battle of Trafalgar

    Battle of Trafalgar
    The Battle of Trafalgar involved the United Kingdom, Austria, Russia, Naples, and Sweden to try to remove Napoleon from the imperial throne and dissolve French military influence in all Europe. It occurred on the coast of Cape Trafalgar. Spain, was allied with France. They declared war against the United Kingdom, but their trops led by Nelson defeated the Spanish fleet. The war took less than six hours.
  • Battle of Leipzig

    Battle of Leipzig
    The Battle of Leipzig was the largest armed confrontation of all the Napoleonic Wars and the most important battle lost by Napoleon. The Coalition armies of Austria, Sweden, and Russia, led by Tsar Alexander and Karl von Schwarzenberg, defeated the Armée of Napoleon. That led to Napoleon and his troops leaving that war with diseases. This battle, one of the most important marked the end of the French Empire on the east of the Rhine.
  • Battle of Waterloo

    Battle of Waterloo
    The Battle of Waterloo, in that battle the French army, commanded by the Emperor Napoleon, was against the British, Dutch and German troops, led by the Duke of Wellington. Napoleon decided to invade the Netherlands. The battle meant the end of the Napoleonic Wars. The defeat ended the 23 years war between France and the countries that also participated in that battle.