RODRIGO FERNANDEZ GALLAS_G&H_4E

Timeline created by rodrifdezz
In History
  • Period:
    Oct 12, 1492
    to

    MODERN HISTORY

    The Modern Age is the third of the historical periods into which world history is conventionally divided, between the 15th and 18th centuries.
  • JAMES WATT´S STEAM ENGINE

    JAMES WATT´S STEAM ENGINE
    It was the first practical steam engine, becoming one of the driving forces of the Industrial Revolution. James Watt developed the design sporadically between 1763 and 1775, with the support of Matthew Boulton
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fsXpaPSVasQ
  • ESTATES-GENERAL MEETING

    ESTATES-GENERAL MEETING
    Was in Versailles in May 1789.The meeting was chaired by the king and made up of representatives of the nobility,clergy and the third estate.However,the third estate representatives decided to leave the meeting when the privileged classes refused to allow them greater representation and insisted on one vote per estate.
  • Period: to

    CONTEMPORANY HISTORY

    It includes, if one considers its beginning in the French Revolution, of a total of 231 years, between 1789 and the present.
  • Period: to

    FRENCH REVOLUTION

    The French Revolution was a social and political conflict, with various periods of violence, that convulsed France and that faced supporters and opponents of the system known as the Ancien Regime.
  • TENNIS COURT OATH

    TENNIS COURT OATH
    The representatives of the third estate met in a pavillon in Versailles and proclaimed themselves the National Assembly
  • Period: to

    JACOBIN CONVENTION

    They approved a new constitution that recognised universal male suffrage and social equality. During this convention, mass levy was organised and the Law of Suspects (every one who was accused of a crime was executed) and the Law of the Maximum were approved. The executive power was held by the Comitee of Public Safety, led by Robespierre.
  • STORMING OF THE BASTILLE

    STORMING OF THE BASTILLE
    On the morning of the 14th the town and some dissident soldiers raided Les Invalides to get rifles and went to La Bastille in search of gunpowder. Faced with the refusal of the governor of the fortress, they resorted to artillery to subdue the few defenders and took it, freeing the prisoners and appropriating the weapons. The event was interpreted throughout the country as the fall of a symbol of absolutism and the beginning of a new era
  • DECLARATION OF THE RIGHTS OF MAN AND OF CITIZEN

    DECLARATION OF THE RIGHTS OF MAN AND OF CITIZEN
    The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen of 1789, approved by the French National Constituent Assembly on August 26, 1789, is one of many of the fundamental documents of the French Revolution and describes the rights of citizens
  • WOMEN´S MARCH ON VERSAILLES

    WOMEN´S MARCH ON VERSAILLES
    There was a demonstration starting from Paris to Versailles to demand social reforms from the king. The event began among the women in the markets of Paris who, on the morning of October 5, 1789, protested against the high price and shortage of bread and the lack of rights.
  • FIRST FRENCH CONSTITUTION

    FIRST FRENCH CONSTITUTION
    The French Constitution of 1791, the first written constitution in French history, was promulgated by the National Constituent Assembly on September 3, 1789 and accepted by Louis XVI. It contained the reform of the French State, leaving France configured as a constitutional monarchy.
  • Period: to

    CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY

    The French constitutional monarchy constitutes the first stage of the French Revolution. It ranged between the absolute monarchy of King Louis XVI and the First Republic, and lasted from September 4, 1791 until September 21, 1792.
  • STORM OF TUILERIES PALACE

    STORM OF TUILERIES PALACE
    The sans-culottes stormed Tuileries and prisioned the royal family on 10th of August 1792. A republic was declared and the second phase of the Revolution began.
  • Period: to

    GIRONDIN CONVENTION

    The National Convention was the main institution of the First French Republic. The convention was an elected assembly of a constituent character that concentrated the executive and legislative powers in France, from September 19, 1792 to October 30, 1795
  • Period: to

    SOCIAL REPUBLIC

    It was the name given to a series of parliamentary and republican regimes that followed one another between September 21, 1792 and May 18, 1804, during the French Revolution.
  • Period: to

    CONSERVATIVE REPUBLIC

    It was led by the moderage bourgeoisie. During this republic,
    Jacobin laws were cancelled, sufragge was censitary and the executive power was held by the Directory. A new constitution was approved in 1995.
  • EXECUTION OF LOUIS XVI

    EXECUTION OF LOUIS XVI
    The execution of Louis XVI, which took place on Monday, January 21, 1793, was one of the most important events of the French Revolution. This execution was carried out in the Plaza de la Revolución (current Plaza de la Concordia), formerly known as Plaza de Luis XV. The National Convention had sentenced the king to death on January 17 in a voice vote at the suggestion of Marat, and in which the death penalty was imposed by 387 votes to 334 votes for life imprisonment or exile.
  • WAR OF THE FIRST COALITION

    WAR OF THE FIRST COALITION
    The First Coalition is known as the first coordinated effort of the European monarchies to contain the French Revolution. The war campaigns spread through Western Europe and the Caribbean, turning it into a full-scale war.
  • Period: to

    REIGN OF TERROR

    The Reign of Terror was a period of the Jacobin Convention in which, in order to stop conspirators, freedoms were suspended and people opposed to the government were either imprisoned or executed.
  • COUP OF 18th BRUMAIRE

    COUP OF 18th BRUMAIRE
    In 1799, Napoleon organised a coup (Coup of 18th Brumaire) supported by a large part of the bourgeoisie and started an authoritarian rule. This coup ended the French Revolution.
  • Period: to

    THE CONSULATE

    This period started with Napoleon's coup d'état. He was named consul, and he started an authoritarian rule. He wanted to bring back the moderate ideas that had impulsed the French Revolution. A new constitution was drafted, the state was organised into departments run by prefects, state schools (lyceés) were created, the Bank of France was founded and new banknotes were made. The exiles were allowed to return.
    In 1803 Napoleon began the conquer of Europe.
  • CONSTITUION OF 1800

    CONSTITUION OF 1800
    This constitution was installed during the Consulate and it had a new political system without separation of powers and rights. The liberties were very limited, and in order to control public opinion, censorship was imposed.
  • Period: to

    THE NAPOLEONIC EMPIRE

    Napoleon began his conquest of Europe in 1803. After France's victory over Austria and Russia at Austerlitz, in 1806, the French troops seemed unstoppable, so in 1808, the French invaded Spain and Joseph Bonaparte, one of the emperor's brother, was made king. In 1811, the Napoleonic Empire extended from Germany to Spain. France now controlled most of Europe. The invasion of Russia and the revolt in Spain against the king marked the decline of the Napoleonic Empire.
  • NAPOELON CROWNED EMPEROR

    NAPOELON CROWNED EMPEROR
    On May 18, 1804, a consultative-organic senate conferred on him the title of emperor, under the name of Napoleon I
  • INVASION OF SPAIN AND JOSEPH BONAPARTE CROWNED KING

    INVASION OF SPAIN AND JOSEPH BONAPARTE CROWNED KING
    Napoleon Bonaparte installed his brother Joseph Bonaparte on the Spanish throne and promulgated the Bayonne Constitution after conquered Spain and Portugal
  • Period: to

    RESTORATION OF ABSOLUTISM

    The restoration started with the Congress of Viena. This congress established the ideological principles of the Restoration, such as the legitimacy of the absolute monarchs and the denial of national sovereignty. In 1815, the Holy Alliance Treaty was signed.It ended with the revolutions of 1830 and 1848.
  • CONGRESS OF VIENA

    CONGRESS OF VIENA
    The Congress of Vienna was an international meeting held in the Austrian capital, convened with the aim of reestablishing the borders of Europe after the defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte and reorganizing the political ideologies of the Old Regime.
  • BATTLE OF WATERLOO

    BATTLE OF WATERLOO
    The Battle of Waterloo was an armed confrontation between Napoleon Bonaparte's French Imperial Army and the Seventh Coalition, which took place on June 18, 1815 in the vicinity of the town of Waterloo, Belgium.Napoleon abdicated after the defeat and was sent into exile on the island of Saint Helena, where he died in 1821.
  • HOLY ALIANCE TREATY

    HOLY ALIANCE TREATY
    It was treaty signed by the absolutist monarchs where they promised to unite against any liberal revolution.
  • Period: to

    GREEK WAR OF INDEPENDENCE

    Greece was part of the Ottoman Empire, but they were unhappy because they had to pay high taxes, weren't allowed to participate in state administration and the Turks had another culture and religion.In 1822, The Greeks declared independence in Epidaurus, but it was not recognised by the Turks, and resulted in the beginning of a war.. In 1827, the Greeks defeated the Ottoman Empire. Greece gained its independence in 1830.
  • STEPHENSON´S STEAM LOCOMOTIVE

    STEPHENSON´S STEAM LOCOMOTIVE
    Stephenson's Rocket was one of the first steam locomotives. It was built for the Rainhill Trials, organized by the Liverpool and Manchester Railway in 1829 with the aim of choosing the best design to power the new railway, in which it was the winner. It was designed by Robert Stephenson in 1829, and built by the Robert Stephenson and Company.
  • Period: to

    THE AGE OF REVOLUTION

    The revolutions of 1830 and 1848 ended the restoration of absolutism that had begun in 1815 with the Congress of Viena. They presented new liberal and democratic ideal
  • REVOLUTION OF 1830

    REVOLUTION OF 1830
    The movement began in France when Charles X, the absolute monarch who succeeded Louis XVIII a few years after the fall of Napoleon, was overthrown in July 1830. Louis Philippe I became the new constitutional monarch. He was called the " Citizen King".
  • Period: to

    BELGIAN REVOLUTION

    Belgium was made part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands by the congress of Vienna in 1815.The spread of liberal ideas helped the Belgian Revolution, and Belgium became a liberal monarchy ruled by Leopold I.
  • ZOLLVEREIN

    In 1834, Prussia created a customs union, known as Zollverein, that united the majority of Germanic states.
  • Period: to

    GERMAN UNIFICATION PROCESS

    The unification of Germany was a historical process that took place in the second half of the 19th century in Central Europe and that ended with the creation of the German Empire on January 18, 1871, bringing together various previously independent states.
  • REVOLUTION OF 1848

    REVOLUTION OF 1848
    The French Revolution of 1848 was a popular insurrection that took place in Paris from February 23 to 25, 1848. It forced King Louis Philippe I of France to abdicate and gave way to the Second French Republic.
  • Period: to

    FRENCH SECOND REVOLUTION

    In 1848, a popular uprising proclaimed the Second Republic, which adopted a number of democratic measures, such as universal male suffrage, press freedom, abolition of the death penalty and recognition of certain rights.
  • Period: to

    ITALIAN UNIFICATION PROCESS

    In the 1859, the liberal monarchy of Piedmont-Sardinia started a unification process. They declared war on Austria and annexed Lombardy. In that moment , a popular uprising led by Garibaldi overthrew the absolute monarchies in central and southern Italy. In 1861, Victor Manuel II of Savoy was proclaimed king of Italy. In 1866, Austria left Venetia, and in 1870, the Papal States were annexed by Italy. The newly unified state established its capital in Rome.