Phaces of the French Revolution

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    Military and financial aid for USA

    The declaration of independence of the USA and its constitution defended the inalieable right of the citizenes, separation of powers, equally and freedom of all the individuals and right to choose a goverment.
    France financed the American Revolution and they were ruined.
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    Economic and Financial crisis

    The main causes of the economcal crisis are related to bad harvests, rise in prices...
    The main causes of the Financial crisisare related to monarchy's lack of money.
  • Enlightment

    The burgeoisie took the enlightenment prinples to defeat the absolutism and the Estates of the realm. New forms to organize the society and the goverment With the french revolution.
  • The Tennis Court Oath

    ·The Tennis Court Oath: Representatives of the 3rd estate met in the Tennis Court and proclamed themseleves the National Assembly.
    ·They swore to be assambled to write a constitution for french men.
    ·The Assambly was Supported by people in Paris.
  • Declaration of the rights of man and of the citizen

    Declaration of the rights of man and of the citizen.: The national Convention Assembly made some legal reform: feudal rights were abolizhed (pesantry) and teh Declaration of the Rights of Man and the citizen.
  • Estates General and votes per estate

    Each Estate in the Estates General received one vote as a whole group. The First and Second Estates often agreed on issues and would out-vote the Third Estate, two to one.
  • The storm of the Bastille

    Storming of the Bastille is an iconic conflict of the French Revolution. On July 14, 1789, fears that King Louis XVI was about to arrest France's newly constituted National Assembly led a crowd of Parisians to successfully besiege the Bastille, an old fortress that had been used since 1659 as a state prison.
  • Poor social structure

    ·Peasants (80%) presented opposition to paying high taxes and rents.
    ·Burgeoisiewantede to finish with privileges.
    ·Clergy wanted free trade and taking part in the politic.
    ·Clergy and nobility bote together
    ·3rd: 1rst and 2nd states were privileged and 3rd estate non-privileged.
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    Constitutional monarchy

    Moderate bourgeoisie proporsals: end of the Ancient Regime, a parlament by census suffrage and a constitution.
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    The great fear

    The Great Fear (in French: la Grande Peur) was a wave of panic that swept the French countryside in late July and early August 1789. Fearful of plots by aristocrats to undermine the budding French Revolution, peasants and townspeople mobilized, attacking manorial houses in 1789.
  • The flight to Varenes

    The royal family with some servants tried to escape. They made it as far as Varenes, near the northern borde, were they were recogniser and taken back to Paris.
  • Constitution

    Constitutional monarchy, popular sovereignty, separation of powers limited male suffrage (men with certain wealth, in a census).
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    Legisltvie Assambly

    ·New constitution: end of privileges, guilds...
    ·The members sat aqcording to their idealogy.
    ·The king had the right of vote.
    ·The National Guard was created to defend the ·Revolution.
    ·The Austrians and the aristocracy were a real threat.
    ·The solve the financial problem: church properties were sold.
    ·Civil Constitution: established the separation Church-state.
    ·Worried about the actions of the National Assembly. the king and the queen, looked for help outside, specially in Austria.
  • Preventive war

    France declared preventive war on Austria that invaded France.
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    The social republic

    ·Some nations disliked the spread of Revolution (mainly Austria anad Prussia)
    ·Known events the common people (sans-culottes) attacked the Tuileries Palace and took the royal family. The Republic was declared
    ·New assembly is presented, elected by universal male suffrage: the National Convention.
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    Jacobin Convention

    ·The most extermist period.
    ·It was written a new constitution that recognised a universal male sufrage.
    ·The executive power was applied by the Committee of public safety led by Maximiliane Robespierre.
    ·Citizens were forced to join the Army by mass cospiration.
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    The Girondist Convention

    ·The National Convention voted to abloish the monarchy and make France a republic
    ·The radical Jacobins demanded that Louis should be judged for treason.
    ·It was proved that Louis was plotting with foreign troops to crush the revolution.
    ·European monarchies joined in a coalition to attack France
    ·The royalists prepared some counter-revolutionary plots to finish with the revolution and recover their privilegies.
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    The Terror

    ·Under the jacobins control, the gouvernment imposed a dictatorship to finis with conspiracies.
    ·Some social laws ere introduced.
    ·They tried to control the prices, specially the foods.
    ·Land owned by the church were sold.
    ·Primary education became conpolsory and free.
    ·The final act of the Directory: The conspiration against Robespierre. He and some other jacobins were executed.
  • The execution of the king Louis XVI

    King Louis XVI was sentenced to death by guillotine by the revolutionary government of the Convention, on January 21, 1793, declared guilty of "conspiracy against public liberty and attack on national security."
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    Conservative Republic (The Directory)

    New moderated liberalism (moderated bourgeoisie - Napoleon).
  • Constitution

    A new goverment, of more moderate burgeoisie: the Directory. It included an elected legislative and a executive branch with five directors, to avoid dictatorship. The constitution restricted the right to vote to men who could read and who owned a certain amount of property: Census Suffrage.
  • Couo d'etat

    On November 10, 1799, Napoleon Bonaparte carried out a coup d'état of the 18th Brumaire that ended the Directory, the last form of government of the French Revolution, and he became the First Consul.
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    The consulate

    When de directory proved to be innefective, it was replaced by a Consulate, witch was three men who ran the goverment.
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    Napoleonic period

  • Napoleon became First Consulate.

    The Consulate was soon dominated by Napoleon. He became Firts Consulate in 1800, and in 1804, he declared himself Emperor of France with general approval.
  • The battle of Austerlitz:

    The Battle of Austerlitz, also known as the Battle of the Three Emperors, pitted a French army led by Emperor Napoleon I against the combined Russian-Austrian forces of Russian Tsar Alexander I and Austrian Emperor Francis I on December 2, 1805. in the context of the Napoleonic Wars. It was one of Napoleon's greatest victories, as the First French Empire definitively crushed the Third Coalition after almost nine hours of difficult combat.
  • Napoleon's coronation

    In 1803, Napoleon Bonaparte, started his conquest, and in 1804, he eas crowned emperor by the pope.
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    The empire

    The Napoleonic Empire was an imperial state created by the French soldier Napoleon Bonaparte, who in 1804 had himself crowned Emperor of the French. That coronation led to war with several European states, especially Great Britain, Austria, Russia and Prussia, who wanted to prevent French expansion
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    The Napoleonic Empire

    Expansion due to military victories over Europe enemies( Austria, Prusia, Holland, Warsaw...). The highest point was rhe victory In Austerlitz. Napoleon spread enlightened and revolutionary ideas (freedom, equality, fraternity).
  • Russian campain:

    It was a turning point in the course of the Napoleonic Wars. The campaign reduced the French and Allied invasion forces to less than twenty percent of their initial capacity. The role of this episode in Russian culture can be seen in Tolstoy's work War and Peace, and in the identification that the Soviet Union made between it and Operation Barbarossa from June 22, 1941 to December 5 of that same year.
  • Waterloo battle:

    On June 18, 1815, the French army commanded by Napoleon Bonaparte was defeated by the British and Prussian armies in the War of Waterloo. The defeat ended the 23-year war between France and the European allied states.