Gael Soto Rodríguez_G&H_4ªE

Timeline created by GaelSR
In History
  • Period:
    Oct 12, 1492
    to

    Modern History

    History period that starts with the discovery of America or the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople, and ends with the French Revolution, the United States Independence or with the Industrial Revolution.
  • Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen

    Human civil rights document made by the National Constituent Assembly in 1789 in France. It recognises the rights, individual freedoms and equality of all citizens in law and taxation.
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    Constitutional monarchy

    It was the first phase of the French Revolution. It started in 1789 and ended in 1792. The National Constituent Assembly, formed by moderate bourgeoisie, negotiated with the king and priviliged classes how to establish a parliamentary monarchy. To do that, they first abolished the feudalism by approving the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, and then they approved the first French constitution.
  • Estates-General meeting

    Estates-General meeting
    With the financial crisis, the banks forced Louis XVI to appoint Jaques Necker as the finance minister. To solve the crisis, Necker decided that Nobility and Clergy should pay taxes. They refused and they demanded that Louis XVI convene the Estates-General, who met in Versailles. The Third Estate wanted to vote per representative, but Nobility and Clergy wanted to vote per state rather than voting per representative, and the tension between the Estates was growing.
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    Contemporary History

    History period that starts with the French Revolution, the United States Independence or with the Industrial Revolution, and continues up to the present day.
  • Period: to

    French Revolution

    The French Revolution was a social and political conflict in France that started in 1789 with the storm of the Bastille and ended in 1799 with the coup of Napoleon. Its causes were the financial and the social crisis. The Third Estate, inspired by the Revolution of America and the Enlightenment Ideas, revolutioned against the King, demanding more rights, more representation and less taxes.
  • Tennis Court Oath (Proclamation of the National Assembly)

    On the 20th of June, the King closed the doors before the Third Estate could enter, leaving only the Nobility and the Clergy in the meeting. Instead of leaving, the Third Estate went to a pavilion in Versailles, the Jeu de Paume room, and as they represented more than the 85 percent of the population, they proclaimed themselves the National Assembly and they promised to draft a constitution.
  • Storm of the Bastille

    During the end of June and first weeks of July, the National Assembly gained more support and the situation got more tense. The king knowing that something could happen, ordered the army to surround Paris, and then he fired Jaques Necker. The Third Estate, furious about the King'1 actions, revolted, and stole weapons to fight them. They stormed the Bastille as it was a symbol of the Feudal Lords and it kept a lot of weapons and gunpowder. They killed the governor and put his head on a pike.
  • Women’s March on Versailles

    In October 1789, thousands of angry women, boosted by Marat, marched on Versailles and forced the king to abandon his palace and go to Tuileries Palace in Paris.
  • First French constitution

    It was the first constitution of France made by the National Constituent Assembly in 1791. It was based on the separation of powers, national sovereignty and legal equality, though the king reserved the right of veto. Census suffrage was introduced: only male French citizens over 25 years of age who paid taxes could vote.
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    Social Republic

    It was the second phase of the French Revolution. It began in 1789, triggered by the king's betrayal, when he was trying to escape to Austria, and the approaching Austrian and Prussian armies, who had already taken Verdun. On August 10th 1792, the "sans-culottes" stormed the Tuileries Palace and imprisoned the king, declaring a republic in France.
    The Social Republic was first ruled by the moderates (Girondists) for two years. And from 1793 to 1794, the Jacobins, the most radical faction ruled.
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    Girondin Convention

    During the first year of the Social Republic, the Girondin Convention governed.
    During this period, the National Convention was created: a new Assembly elected by universal male suffrage. King Louis XVI and Queen Marie Antoinette were executed. This enraged the other European absolute monarchies, who formed a coalition against France; it provoked counter-revolutionary revolts in the countryside and royalist plots by priviliged classes increased.
  • War of the First Coalition

    War between Revolutionary France and Prussia and Austria. With the first French constitution in 1791, the King Louis XVI and the priviliged classes asked other European absolute monarchies to help restore absolutism, Prussia and Austria declared their intention to fight against French Revolution. In April 1792 the Legislative Assembly declares war on Austria and Prussia.
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    Jacobin Convention

    In 1793, the Jacobins seized power and started the most radical part of the revolution.