French revolution

French Revolution

  • Period: to

    The French Revolution

    It was an Revolution that started, after the Ancien Régime was replaced by the constitutional monarchy. The Revolution had a lot of causes, the increase of population, caused the lack of bread, the government supporting America caused financial crisis. Both of them together, caused the high price of taxes and foods. Apart from that, the king was not strong enough to manage the country and the Bourgeoisie wanted the end of privileges of nobility and clergy, they wanted to take part in politics.
  • The election of Estates-General

    The election of Estates-General
    King Louis XVI convoked election for Estates-General
  • Presentation of the meeting

    The presentation started at Versailles, clergy and nobles were welcomed but the Third Estate were not.
  • The Third Estate

    The Deputies of the Third Estate refused to meet separately from the other Estates, and they have occupied the main hall.
  • The National Assembly

    The National Assembly
    The deputies of the Third Estate declared themselves as the National Assembly.
  • Tennis Court Oath

    Tennis Court Oath
    The meeting hall for the Third Estate was closed. The people gather together in the tennis court and swore to write a new constitution for France.
  • Storm of Bastille

    Storm of Bastille
    A large crowd attacked Bastille prison, to free the prisoners and get all the gunpowder.
  • Period: to

    The Great Fear

    It was a period of general panic, because of the rumour that there were foreign forces or robbers burning the crops, some people started hiding themselves and moving to another place, another part of fearful peasants started attacking houses and defending themselves.
  • Abolition of feudal rights

    Abolition of feudal rights
    The Assembly voted to abolish the privileges and feudal rights of the nobility.
  • The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen

    The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
    Setted by National Assembly, it also consists of principles of the Popular Sovereignty.
  • Veto

    The National Assembly gived to the king the power to veto.
  • Period: to

    Women's March on Versailles

    One of the most important event during the Revolution. The march begin on markets in Paris among women, to protest about the high price and lack of bread. Then it changed to a protest of activities related with Revolution and the desire to change France into a constitutional Monarchy. The people robbed the weapons and head to the Versailles. They successfully give they demands towards King Louis XVI. The next day, the crowd obligated the king and his family to return with them to Paris.
  • The remove of privileges

    The Assembly abolished the titles and other privileges of the nobility.
  • Fête de la Fédération

    Fête de la Fédération
    This festival was hold for the first time in Paris, to celebrate the Revolution.
  • Period: to

    Flight to Varennes

    The king, the queen and their children, dressed out as bourgeoisie, slip out from the palace, tried to escape to Montmédy, but when they have reached to Varennes, they were recognised and arrested. After that, the king was brought to Paris
  • Declaration of Pillnitz

    Declaration of Pillnitz
    Was a statement issued by the king of Prussia and the brother of Marie Antoinette, the queen. The Declaration says that Holy Roman Empire and Prussia supports Louis XVI against the French Revolution.
  • The new Constitution

    Louis XVI formally accepts the new Constitution.
  • The Assembly

    The Assembly declared that all French men are free and French Jews are granted citizenship, but apart from that, they do not abolish the slavery in colonies.
  • Prussia and Austria

    Austria and Prussia signed a military convention to invade France and defend monarchy.
  • Storming of the Tuileries Palace

     Storming of the Tuileries Palace
    Parisians attacked the Tuileries Palace. The king and his family were protected by the Legislative Assembly, with this event, the authority of king was suspended, and the Convention was setted.
  • The royal family

    The royal family
    The king and his family were prisoned in the Temple.
  • Period: to

    Massacres in Paris

    It was a series of killings of prisoners in Paris. The Revolution supporters were afraid of royalist will surprise attack Paris and free alll the prisoners, ordered by the Commune, they decided to kill all the prisoners and anti Revolution citizens before they get freed.
  • National Convention

    National Convention
    The new elected National Convention holds its first session and the revolutionary calendar was introduced.
  • The Republic

    The Convention proclaims the abolition of royalty and the First French Republic.
  • Robespierre

    The leader of Jacobins, Robespierre, demanded that the king should be dead.
  • Period: to

    The trial of Louis XVI

    Robespierre declared that the king must die so that the nation may live, but in the end the Convention let citizens to vote if the king was guilty or not. Finally, Louis XVI was proclaimed guilty against public liberty with a vote of 707 to zero.
  • The execution of Louis XVI

    The execution of Louis XVI
    Louis XVI was beheaded by guillotine. After the executioner announced that Louis was dead, the crowd started cheering, there even were people dipping their handkerchiefs with his blood.
  • The sans-culottes

    The sans-culottes
    The sans-culottes and soldiers of the Paris Commune, occupied the hall of Convention and force it to vote to arrest Girondins.
  • Reign of Terror

    Reign of Terror
    Convention adopts a new law, permitting the arrest of anyone that is suspected against the Revolution. The Reign of Terror starts.
  • The death of Marie Antoinette

    The death of Marie Antoinette
    Marie Antoinette was guillotined as the same place as her husband. Her last words were "Pardon me, sir, I did not do it on purpose" after stepping the executioners feet.
  • Period: to

    The Directory

    It included an elected legislature and an executive branch with five directors, to avoid directors, and one of those leaders was Napoleon Bonaparte, which at that time he was a military general that helped France won a lot of wars.
  • The falling of Convention

    Jacobins and sans-culottes invaded the hall of Convention and kills the deputy.
  • First Consul

    First Consul
    Napoleon Bonaparte became the first Consul.
  • Period: to

    The Consulate

    After that the Directory was proved to be ineffective, it was replaced by Consulate, which was soon be dominated by Napoleon.