Modern history is the history of the world that began after the Middle Ages. Generally, the term "modern history" refers to the history of the world since the arrival of the age of rationality and the age of enlightenment and the beginning of the industrial revolution in the 17th and 18th centuries.
John kay's flying shuttle
John Kay was an English inventor, known for being the father of the flying shuttle, a production tool that he developed in 1733 that made it possible to weave cotton on a greater scale and speed than by hand.
first industrial evolution
is the process of economic, social and technological transformation that began in the Kingdom of Great Britain
James Watt´s steam enginer
It was the first practical steam engine, becoming one of the driving forces of the Industrial Revolution.
War of independence
it was a warlike conflict that pitted the original Thirteen British Colonies in North America against the Kingdom of Great Britain.
Adam Smith published the wealth of nations
the most influential book on market economics ever written. His book of him looked at human nature and ethics.
invention of the power loom
It is a mechanized loom system driven by a transmission shaft. The mechanical loom was the result of the evolution of the manual loom, using a mechanical unit to connect and synchronize all the mechanisms.
The states general was convened by Luis XVI in Versailles in May 1789 to approve tax reforms. It was made up of the representatives of the three state: 300 members of the clergy, 300 nobles and 600 representatives of the third state. The first two groups wanted to vote per state, but the third state wanted to vote per representatives. The denial of the privileged clases made them finally leave the meeting.
Tennis court oath
It was a compromise of union presented on June 20, 1789 between the deputies of the third estate in order not to separate until providing France with a constitution
Declaration of the rights of man and citizen
It is one of the many fundamental documents of the French Revolution approved by the French National Constituent Assembly on August 26, 1789
The French Revolution was a social and political conflict that faced supporters and opponents of the Old Regime and which has three phases
It's the first phase of the revolution, the moderate bourgeoisie tried to reach an agreement with the king and the privileged classes to make France a constitutional monarchy.
Storming of the bastille
the storming of Bastille occurred in Paris on July 14, 1789
Women's March on Versailles
the woman March on Versailles was an important event at the start of the French Revolution.
First French constitution
The short-lived French Constitution of 1791 was the first written constitution in France, created after the collapse of the absolute monarchy of the Ancien Régime
Storm of Tuileries Palace
It was on 10 August 1792 and they imprisoned the Royale family.
On 10 August 1792, they stormed Tuileries Palace and imprisoned the Royale family. A republic was declarated and the second phase of the revolution began.
A new assembly, the national convention, was elected by Universal male suffrage. Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette were executed. Then, counter-revolutionary revolts broke out and the former privileged classes organized royalist plots.
War of the first coalition
It is a set of wars that various European powers waged between 1792 and 1797 against the constitutional Kingdom of France and then the French Republic.
Execution of Louis XVI
He was convicted of treason and executed
In 1793 a new constitution was enected. It was led by a committee of public safety, which gave power to Robespierre.
Reing of terror
It is for stop conspirators
In 1795 a new constitution that granted executive power to a government was enacted.
In this time we have a lot of movements like the French revolutionn
Napoleón was supported by a large part of the bourgeoisie. In 1800 was a constitution and departments that were run by prefects signed an agreement with the church called concordat.
Constitution of 1800
The constitution of 1800 of the New political system didn't include the separation of powers or a declaration of rights.
Napoleón crowned emperor
He was crowned emperor by the pope in 1804
The napoleónic empire
Napoleón began his conquest of Europe in 1803 and was crowned emperor by the pope in 1804.
reign of Ferdinand VII
He was King of Spain between March and May 1808 and, after the expulsion of the intruding King José I Bonaparte and his return to the country, again from May 1814 until his death, except for the brief interval in 1823 in which he was dismissed by the Council of Regency.
Abdication of bayonne
It is the name by which the successive resignations of the kings Carlos IV and his son Fernando VII to the throne of Spain in favor of Napoleon Bonaparte are known
It was a movement led by English artisans in the 19th century, who protested between 1811 and 1817 against new machines that destroyed jobs.
1812 Spanish constitution
The Political Constitution of the Spanish Monarchy was promulgated by the Spanish General Courts meeting extraordinarily in Cádiz on March 19, 1812
manifiesto de los persas
It's a document created in 1814 by the absolutists.
The restoration of absolutism
The power that defeated Napoleón met at the Congress of Vienna. The organiser wanted to stop the spread of liberal ideas and restore absolutism in Europe.
Reign of Ferdinand VII
He was king of spain.He estabilished absolutism, persecute liberals and repealed the Salic Law.
manifiesto de los persas
is the name by which a document signed on April 12, 1814, in Madrid, by 69 absolutist deputies, led by Bernardo Mozo de Rosales, is known.
treaty of Fontainebleau
it was an agreement made between Napoleon Bonaparte and the representatives of Austria, Russia and Prussia in the context of the Napoleonic wars.
Battle of waterloo
The imperial armies were finally defeated in waterloo by great Britain and Prussia.
Congress of Vienna and Holly alliance treaty
In congress of Vienna the four great powers (Russia, Prussia, Austria and Britain) wanted to restore the European map. Holly alliance treaty stipulated that the absolute monarchs would unit against any threat of liberal revolution.
pronunciamiento of colonel Rafael del Diego
It is a pronouncement led by Colonel Rafael del Riego in Cabezas de San Juan, where the king was forced to abide by the Constitution, decree an amnesty and call elections
Pronunciamiento of Colonel Rafael del Riego
It was led by Colonel Rafael del Riego in Seville, and after of him, the king was forced to reinstate the constirurion of 1812
Greek War of independence
The Greeks had to pay high taxes, they were excluded from state administration jobs and they felt dominated by a group of people with a different religion and culture.
holly alliance intervention: hundred thousand sons of Saint louis
Was the popular name for a French army mobilized in 1823 by the Bourbon King of France, Louis XVIII, to help the Spanish Royalists restore King Ferdinand VII of Spain to the absolute power of which he had been deprived during the Liberal Triennium.
Holly aliance intervention: hundred thousand sons of san Luis
Its a coalition of European monarchs who sent trops that restored absolutism under the command of the Duke of Angoulême.
Abolishment of the combination acts
They were English laws that initially prohibited and later regulated workers' associations and strikes
Stephenson´s steam locomotive
It was one of the first steam locomotives. It was built for the Rainhill Trials, organized by the Liverpool and Manchester Railway in 1829 in order to choose the best design to power the new railway, in which it was the winner.
The Belgian revolution
The spread of liberal ideas helped the Belgian revolution and Belgium became a liberal monarchy ruled by Leopold I.
The age of the revolutions
After 1815 liberalism and nationalism became the two main opposition forces, prompting the revolutions of 1830 and 1848 that ended the restoration of absolutism.
First Carlist War
It was during the 19th century and it began in the Basque Country.
Reign of Isabella II
The reign of Isabella II as an adult consisted of the Moderate Decade, the Progressive Biennium and a turbulent second half during wich the liberal union was created and new political groups, such as democrats and the republicans, were born.
Zollverein was a customs union created by Prussia.
grand national consolidated trade unions
It was an early attempt to form a national union confederation in the UK. There have been several attempts to form national general unions.
German unification process
Germany was divided into 36 states. Whilhelm I was the king and Otto von Bismarck was minister.
It recognised national sovereignty with xensus suffrage, the separation of powers and the two chambers, and it granted many rights and individual liberties.
Suffrage was highly restricted, civil liberties were limited and sovereignty was shared between the Cortes and the Crown.
Was an organization founded from London in 1864 that initially brought together English trade unionists, French and Italian republican anarchists and socialists.
Revolution in 1848
The 1848 revolutions represented democratic ideals and the political importance of workers.
Italian unification process
Italia was divided into several states and Austria has annexed Lombardy-Venetia. Cavour was the prime minister and Victor manuel II of savoy was king.
Reign of Alfonso XII
He was the Isabella II's son.
it was an organization of socialist and labor parties, formed at a meeting in Paris in which delegations from twenty countries participated. The Second International continued the work of the dissolved First International, although it excluded the powerful anarcho-syndicalist movement and the trade unions.
enclosure acts were a serie of laws that were passed by the British parliament to authorise this proces, which led to a concentration of land ownership.