Latin American and Caribbean Competition ForumEach year, the Latin American and Caribbean Competition Forum (FLACC) brings together senior competition officials to promote dialogue, consensus-building and networking among policy-makers and law enforcement officials in the region. The 2019 Forum was held in San Pedro Sula, Honduras, on September 24 and 25, 2019, and for which the Commission for the Defense and Promotion of Competition (CDPC) was the host authority.
THE PROPOSAL OF BOLIVARTHE PROPOSAL OF BOLIVAR
El Liberator Simón Bolívar y Palacios (1783-1830) shared these aspirations and, since he went to London, in 1810, as the ambassador of the Junta de Caracas, he spoke of a confederation of America, as the British press picked up. In 1814, before the soldiers of the patriot army that arrived in Pamplona after its withdrawal from Venezuelan territory, it proclaimed: "For us, the homeland is America". This is repeated in documents of 1815
THE CONGRESS OF PANAMATHE CONGRESS OF PANAMA The Amphictyonic Congress
of Panama brought together the Hispano-American republics, with the assistance of observers from other nations. It was summoned by Simon Bolivar, from Lima, on December 7, 1824. It was held in the city of Panama, from June 22 to July 15, 1826. Bolivar had already raised the idea of the congress a decade earlier, in the Charter from Jamaica.
THE GRAN COLOMBIA UNITTHE GRAN COLOMBIA UNIT
The idea of Gran Colombia was originally
Francisco de Miranda, but Bolívar was the one
who executed it. The Congress of Cúcuta
(installed in 3008-1821) founded the Republic
of Colombia with the departments of
Venezuela, Cundinamarca (now Colombia),
and Quito (now Ecuador). Our country was not
represented in Congress, because it had fallen
again under Spanish rule, after the
revolutionary attempts between 1809 and
DISSOLUTION OF GRAN COLOMBIADISSOLUTION OF GRAN COLOMBIA
The delegations from Central America, Gran Colombia, Mexico, and Peru (representing eleven nations today) attended. Chile, Argentina, and Bolivia did not attend; neither Brazil. Delegates from the kingdoms of Great Britain and Holland asked to participate as observers (the Liberator Bolivar did not attend, as it was a meeting of plenipotentiaries and not of heads of state). There were ten formal sessions and many informal ones.
THE IDEA OF UNITYThe Venezuelan Francisco de Miranda (1750-
1816) conceived the idea of a single secret
insurgent organization for all Hispano-America:
the Lautaro Lodge, which he founded in London
and managed to have branches in several
capitals. Besides, he raised the future constitution
of a single multinational State, which he called the
Incant. In the cries of Dolores, in Mexico, and
the Juntas de Santiago and Caracas, the
necessity of the Hispano-American confederation
THE IDEA OF UNITYThe Peruvian Juan Pablo Vizcardo y Guzmán
(1748-1798) analyzed the unfavorable situation of
South America in the world market, which said that
it would only change for independence and union.
THE IDEA OF UNITYTHE IDEA OF UNITY Spanish-American unity was an aspiration
since the crisis of the Spanish Empire in America began. Virtually all the forerunners of Independence mentioned it in their talks and
captured it in their writings. Eugenio Espejo, the forerunner of Quito, formulated an insurrectionary plan for the continent and, in
several of his works, proposed economic integration.
DISSOLUTION OF GRAN COLOMBIAThe rejection of the slave trade, which was described as a crime against humanity. The treaty of union, league, and perpetual confederation was signed, and another for the formation of a joint naval and terrestrial army, when anyone was attacked. They were the foundations of a future international organization of States. It was also agreed to continue the congress in 1827
This report represents a contributionThis report represents a contribution to the efforts of the governments of the region and of the multiple actors to implement, monitor and evaluate policies and strategies for the 2030 Agenda and the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals. We are aware that no single document can address the complexity and variety of challenges that this implies. Consequently, this report is limited to three areas