French Revolution

  • Louis XV begins rule

    Louis XVLouis XV ran up debts and choose pleasure of business cause Deficit spending by the government and Economic reform.
  • Period: to

    French Revoution

    Taxes have gone up and third estate has to pay. People riot and start massive chaos. King calls meeting of all three estates. It is brought up that both the first and second estates should also pay taxes but that was denied. the third estates then joins together and declares themselves a national assembly. The city of Paris seizes the spotlight. Parisans assemble at the Bastille. The mob breaks in killing cammanders and the defense. but finds no weapons.
  • Louis XVI begins rule and Deficit spending by government and economic reform continues.

    Louis XVILouis XVI was well-meaning but very weak and indecisive. The heis of Louis XVI where not the right people to solve economic crisis that happened to France., they ran up so many debts and sought pleasure before business. The only smart decision of Louis XVI was choosing Jacques Necker to be the advisor. Although the the high clergy and the nobles forced the king to dismiss Jaques when he said that the first an second estate should pay taxes.
  • Period: to

    Bad Harvest

    In the 1780s bad harvest sent food prices sky rocketing and caused starvation to the poorer peaseants and city dwellers.
  • Bread shortage

    BreadBread prices were soaring and people were getting cut from jobs. This started riots and robbings.
  • Louis XVI calls the Estates-General

    Louis XVI CALLS eSTATES-gENERALThe Crisis had gotten worse and the pressure for the reform mounted. The king called the Estates-General before making changes.The Estates-General seemed to offer a chance for carrying out changes. Their goal was to bring the absolute monarch under control of the nobles and guarantee their own privileges.
  • The Parisians storm the Bastille.

    Storming the BastilleMore than 800 Parisians assembled outside the Bastille. The crowd demanded weapons and gunpowder that were believed to be held up in the Bastille. The commander of the Bastille refused to let the crowd in and opened fired on the crowd. The angry crowd broke through the defenses and killed the commander and 5 guards ... but found no weapons. the Bastille is a symbol to the people of France representing years of abuse by the monarchy.
  • Declartion of the Rights of Man.

    Declartion rights of menThe Assembly came out with the Declaration of the Rights of man and the citizen. The french Declaration annouced "All men were born and remain free and equal in rights." This llowed natural rights to "liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression." It also stated that all male citizens were equal before the law. It asserted freedom of religion. The solgan was "Liberty, Equality, faternity."
  • The Chuch is placed under state control.

    churchThe National Assembly put the French Catholic church under state control. Under the Civil Constitution bishops and priests became elected salaried officials. The Consitution ended papal authority over the church. Many bishops and priests refused to accept the consitution. Th popecondemned it. Many french peasants also rejected the changes.The government would punish the clergy who rejected the Civil Consitution. This caused a huge gap to open between the revolutionaries and Paris.
  • The Constitution of 1791 establishes a New Government

    Constituion of 1791National Assembly creates this constitution. It set up a limited monarchy instead of absolute monarchy. The new legislative Assembly had the power to create laws, collect taxes, and debate and decide on issues of war peace. There would be ellections for law makers by male citizens who were over age 25. The constitution reflected Enlightenment goals, it ensured Equality before the law and ended church interference in government. It also put power in the hands of men who served in the government.
  • Threats come from Abroad

    When Louis XVI's escape failed it brought further hostiles from abroad.The king of Prussia and the Emperor of Austria issued the Declaration of Pilnitz. In the Declaration the two Monarchs threatened to intervene to protect the French Monarchy. This document had been basically a bluff but to revolutionaries in France it was serious so they prepared for war. This was when the revolution was about to enter a more radical phase of conflict and change.
  • Womens March on Versailles

    women march6thousand women marched in the rain to Versailles shouting "Bread!" demanding to see the king. The women refused to leave until the king returned to Paris.
  • Civil War

    French revoltuionThe National Assembly calls war on Tyranny. the war between French Revolutionaries and the European Monarchs transfered onto the battlefield. The Legislative Assembly declared waron Austria first and then on Prussia, Britain, and other states to spread revolution and destroy tyranny aboard. The fighting lasted on and off til 1815.
  • Natinalism Spreads

    NationalismThe war gave the French a strong sense of national identity. The government brpught together sons and daughters of the revolution to defend the nation, itself. "Nationalism, a strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country" spread through France. France was a nation in arms.
  • Monarchy is Abolished!

    The beheading of Louis XVIRadicals made up a new election for a new Legislative body called the National Convention letting all men vote. They voted to abolish Monarchy and establish a republic. A new constitution was drawn up for France. The Jacobins set out to destroy all traces of old order. The took lands of nobles and abolished titles of nobility. The king(Louis XVI) was also sentenced to death by being beheaded.
  • Robespierre "the Incorruptible"

    RobespierreA shrewd lawyer and politician who rose to leadership very quickly of the Committee of Public Saftey. His selfless dedication to the revolution earned him the nick name "the incoruptible." He was called the tyrannt by his enemies. He promitted religuos toleration and wanted to abolish slavery He thought France could achieve "republic of virtue" through the use of terror. "Liberty cannot be secured, unless criminals lose their heads". he said.
  • Period: to

    The Guillotine Defines the Reign of terror

    guillotineRobespierre wass one of the chief architects of the Reign of Terror. Spectators greeted death sentence with cries of "Hail the Republic!" or "Death to the traitors!" The terror was neccassary for suspects who resisted the revolution. Seventeen thousand were excuted during this time.
  • The Queen is Beheaded

    Marie AntoinetteMarie Abtoinette is executed. The press celebrated her death but the queen expressed great diginity as she was taken to her death.
  • Robespierre is executed

    The execution of RobespierreRobespierre is arrested and the next day he is executed. After this, executions slowed dramatically.
  • The third stage of the Revolution

    Napoleon The Consituion of 1795 set up a 5 man directory and a 2 house legislature voted on by male citizens of property. the directory held its power for four years. Peace was made with Prussia and Spain but there was still war with Austria and Great Britain. As chaos continued politicians turned to Napolean Bonaparte.