The Crusades

  • Nov 27, 1095

    The First Crusade Begins

    The First Crusade Begins
    Pope Urban II initiates the First Crusade in response to a request from Alexios I Komnenos for assistance.
  • Period: Nov 27, 1095 to Apr 13, 1204

    Crusades 1-4

  • Jul 15, 1099

    Jerusalem taken over by Crusaders

    Jerusalem taken over by Crusaders
    On July 15, 1099 the Crusaders entered the city of Jerusalem. After getting in, they proceeded to kill all remaining Jews and Muslims in the city and destory all signs of their religions. This event ended the First Crusade
  • Jan 1, 1147

    The Second Crusade Starts

    The Second Crusade Starts
    The Second Crusade came to when the County of Edessa, the first of the Crusader states formed during the First Crusade, fell to enemy forces. A Cistercian monk named Bernad of Clairvaux was one of the many that preached for this Crusade.
  • Dec 31, 1149

    The Second Crusade Ends

    The Second Crusade ended up being mainly a failure. The city of Jerusalem was once again under the control of the Muslims and the Crusaders had been met with many losses throughout the war.
  • Oct 1, 1187

    Jerusalem Falls... Again

    Jerusalem changed hands once again in October of 1187. The Muslim king of Egypt and Syria, Saladin, had successfully taken control of the city for the Muslims.
  • Jan 1, 1189

    The Third Crusade Begins

    The Third Crusade was led by the toughest of the Western rulers. Some of those rulers were the king of England, the king of France, and Richard the Lion-Hearted.
  • Apr 27, 1192

    The Third Crusade Ends

    The Crusade ended in 1192 after Richard the Lion-Hearted decided against the capturing of Jerusalem. Instead he wrote up a treaty with Saladin that allowed unarmed Christians and Muslim merchants to freely enter the Holy Land, Jersualem, as they wished. Jerusalem would stay under Muslim rule as well.
  • Jan 1, 1202

    The Fourth Crusade Begins

    The Fourth Crusade began just as all the others before it had, in that it was another conquest to capture the Holy Land away from the Muslims. The plan was initiated by Pope Innocent III and was to travel through Egypt in order to get at the Holy Land.
  • Jan 1, 1204

    The Fourth Crusade Ends

    While the Fourth Crusade started out with the idea that it would be a conquest on the Holy Land, it actually turned out to be a commercial venture initiated by the Venetians. The crusaders were essentially hired by the Venetians to destory rival Christian ports, and went as far as to take out Constantinople.