Ariel's time line1

By Ariel T
  • 100

    Germanic Tribes: Tacitus' Germania

    Preserve Germanic culture because the Germanic tribes did not record down their traditions. Critique of Roman societies by depicting good German values.
  • 313

    Early Christian: Edict of Milan

    Religious toleration to Christianity issued by Constantine
  • 325

    Early Christian: Nicene Creed

    Establishment of standard Christian beliefs by the First Catholic Council of Nicaea
  • 410

    Germanic Tribes: The Sacking of Rome by Alaric

    Rome sacked by the Visigoths under the leadership of king Alaric
  • 413

    Byzantine: Theodosius II

    Theodosius II builds a great wall around Constantinople, center of the Byzantine Empire
  • Period: 476 to Dec 25, 752

    France: The Merovingian Dynasty

    A Salian Frankish dynasty that ruled the Franks.
  • 500

    France: The Salic Law

    Ancient Salian Frankish civil law code compiled by Clovis. The main goal of it is to unite the Frankish tribes, and provide equality and protection to minorities, eg. women.
  • 500

    England: Legions depart

    The Germanic tribes started to immigrate to other places from Scandinavia because of constant feuds and violence. England is a good place because Rome had taken back most of its power in there.
  • 509

    France: Reign of Clovis

    Conversion to Christianity. First king to unite all Frankish tribes.
  • 527

    Byzantine: Justinian

    Justinian becomes Emperor of the Byzantine empire.
  • 532

    Byzantine: Nika Revolt

    The Greens represented the lower classes; the Blues, the upper classes. In 532 the two factions joined in the Nika revolt against Emperor Justinian I and Empress Theodora. The destruction of the city's church caused Hagia Sophia, a gorgeous Christian church to be built, which was later converted to an Islam mosque during the conquest of Muslims (Ottoman Turks)
  • 550

    England: Anglo-Saxon invasion

    The Anglo Saxons left Rome because the Romans did not pay them for their military contribution and for feuds, so they traveled to England. They established Christian community there.
  • 594

    France: Gregory of Tours

    The history of Franks depicted the successful rule of the Frankish kingdom under King Clovis. Gregory was a bishop, so his depiction of King Clovis, an adopter of Christianity, will be inclined to praise Clovis.
  • Dec 24, 600

    England: the house of Wessex

    The House became rulers of a unified English nation after the descendants of Alfred the Great down to Edward the Confessor in 1066
  • Dec 24, 610

    Islam: Foundation of Islam

    Muhammad received revelation in Mecca and fled to Medina because of people's opposition to him and his followers. He formed the Qur'an.
  • Dec 24, 624

    Islam: Muhammad conquers Mecca

    Muhammad faced his enemy Abu Sufian and his Quraysh army from Mecca in Medina. Muhammad was outnumbered, and thus he stated that every man who was killed in the Holy war by fighting bravely will go to paradise.
  • Dec 24, 632

    Islam: Sunni and Shia

    Following Muhammad's death, the Muslims were divided into Sunni and Shia. The Shiites was led by Ali, who was murdered in 661.
  • Period: Dec 24, 661 to Dec 25, 750

    Islam: Umayyad Empire

    The first great Muslim dynasty to rule the empire of the Caliphate (Arab), led by Abu Sufian, who originally opposed Islam.
  • Dec 24, 673

    England: Venerable Bead

    First story-teller in English culture with great narrative for anglo saxon kings served as propaganda.
  • Dec 24, 691

    Islam: Dome of the Rock

    An Islamic shrine in Jerusalem where Muhammad is believed to ascend to heaven.
  • Oct 24, 732

    France: Battle of Tours and Charles Martel

    At the Battle of Tours near Poitiers, France, Frankish leader Charles Martel, a Christian, defeats a large army of Spanish Moors, halting the Muslim advance into Western Europe.
  • Period: Dec 24, 750 to Dec 25, 1258

    Islam: Abbasid Empire

    Overthrow the Umayyad Empire, and turned focus to Eastwards, not well-related with Islam. Capital in Iraq
  • Dec 24, 751

    France: Pepin the short

    King of Franks, son of Charles Martel. Great conqueror, first Carolingian king
  • Period: Dec 24, 751 to Dec 25, 1122

    France: The Carolingian Dynasty

    Overthrew the Merovingian dynasty, a Frankish noble family. Peppin the short, crowned king by the pope,
  • Dec 24, 800

    France: Charlemagne

    Crowned by pope. Focused on education and cultural activities within the church. Unite most of the Western Europe.
  • Dec 24, 849

    England: Alfred the Great

    Alive from 849 to 899. The great Anglo-Saxon king that successfully defeated the vikings. Translated Latin and made the Anglo Saxon chronicle, the history of England
  • Dec 24, 1000

    Middle Ages: Population Growth

    After the ice age, mild climate, agricultural growth, and cultural achievements
  • Dec 24, 1000


    An Anglo-Saxon poem about the adventure of great hero Beowulf. Written in 1000, as Christianity became very popular and the Germanic tribes successfully invaded Western Europe, it served as a fusion of Christianity and Norse Mythology.
  • Period: Dec 24, 1000 to Dec 25, 1300

    Islam: Seljuk Dynasty

    Turkish&Sunni Muslim empire in central Asia, target in the first crusade. Take control over the holy land at 1071, and persecute Christians. This dynasty is different from the other two as it dealt harshly with the Christians and experienced warfare with the Christians.
  • Dec 24, 1054

    Byzantine: Schism between Greek Orthodox and Catholic Church

    Separation of the Greek Orthodox and the Catholic church.
  • Dec 24, 1095

    Middle Ages: Pope Urban

    Speech at Council of Clermont promoted people to join the First crusade against Seljuk Turks in Jerusalem. 1: Rewarded with going to heaven and remission of sins. 2: The turks destroyed the holy sites, no miraculous power. 3: Christians are overpopulated, need to have more land. 4:Church is being polluted.5: Can get lots of money and land from crusade. To peasants: Free from paying tax. No interest to debt. Serfs can leave the land. Prisoners are freed and enlisted.
  • Jul 24, 1099

    Middle Ages: Christians took Jerusalem in the First Crusade

    A skilled Christian army from Western Europe besieged and conquered Jerusalem, and slaughtered 70000 Muslims and also burned the Jewish inhabitants in the synagogue.
  • Dec 24, 1100

    England: Norman invasion of England

    Battle for inheritance of England after the death of Edward. Main competitors: Harold(Danish king), Godwinson(brother in law), and William the Conqueror from Normandy. The tapestry describing this event is the Bayeux Tapestry.
  • Period: Dec 24, 1189 to Dec 25, 1192

    Middle Ages: Third Crusade

    European Christian leader reconquer the Holy land (Acre and Jaffa. but not Jerusalem) from Saladin.
  • Dec 24, 1200

    Prose Edda

    Snorri Sturlson, a Christian, recorded down the Germanic pagan stories. He said that man lost the name of God as a rational explanation to the pagan religions, and their worship to Thor, which reflected the Germanic tribal value of military admiration and constant feuds.
  • Period: Dec 24, 1202 to Dec 25, 1204

    Middle Ages: Fourth Crusade

    Called by Pope Innocent III, originally intended to conquer Muslim-controlled Jerusalem, but led to the sacking the city of Constantinople,
  • Dec 24, 1212

    Middle Ages: Children's Crusade

    A boy began preaching in Europe claiming that he had been visited by Jesus and told to lead a Crusade to peacefully convert Muslims to Christianity. His followers were lots of children, and as they were sailing, they were either sold into slavery or dead of starvation.
  • Period: Dec 24, 1213 to Dec 25, 1221

    Middle Ages: Firfth Crusade

    Attempt to reacquire Jerusalem and the rest of the Holy Land by first conquering the powerful Ayyubid state in Egypt.
  • Period: Dec 24, 1228 to Dec 25, 1229

    Middle Ages: Sixth Crusade

    The diplomatic effort of the Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick II, with the Muslim leader resulted in the Kingdom of Jerusalem regaining some control over Jerusalem
  • Dec 24, 1270

    Middle Ages: Eighth Crusade

    King Louis decided to attack Tunis first, which would give them a strong base for attacking Egypt, resulted in a treaty with Tunis for trading.
  • Period: Dec 24, 1271 to Dec 25, 1272

    Middle Ages: Ninth Crusade

    Louis IX of France's failure to capture Tunis in the Eighth Crusade led Henry III of England's son Edward to sail to Acre. Impressive victories for Edward over Baibars (Egyptian leader), but dying crusade spirit.
  • Dec 24, 1325

    Islam: Ibn Battuta

    Ibn Battuta, a great Muslim traveler, went to Mecca for the pilgrimage and recorded down his traveling.
  • Dec 24, 1453

    Middle Ages: Ottoman Empire

    Constantinople were taken by an invading Ottoman army, which was led to further invasion to Western Europe (Christianity).