Humanities Timeline

  • 100

    (Germanic Triibes and Early Christian) Tacitus' Germania

    Tacitus was the only Roman who wrote a lot about Germanic tribes, and he tried to tell Romans that the Germanic tribes were stronger than the Romans.
  • 313

    (Germanic Tribes and Early Christian) Edict of Milan

    A proclamation that permanently established religious toleration for Christianity within the Roman Empire.
  • 325

    (Germanic Tribes and Early Christian) Nicaean Creed

    It is a profession of faith widely used in Christian liturgy.
  • 410

    (Germanic Tribes and Early Christian) The Sacking of Rome by Alaric

    The city was attacked by the Visigoths led by King Alaric.
  • 413

    (Byzantine Empire) Theidisuys II builds a great wall around Constantinople, establishing it as the center of the new Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire)

    The double Theodosian Walls located about 2 km to the west of the old Constantinian Wall, were erected during the reign of Emperor Theodosius II
  • 458

    (Islam) Dome of the Rock built in Jerusalem

    It is a shrine located on the Temple Mount in the Old City of Jerusalem.
  • Period: 481 to Dec 25, 750

    (France) The Merovingian Dynasty

    It was a Salian Frankish dynasty that ruled the Franks for nearly 300 years in a region known as Francia in Latin
  • 500

    (France) The Salic Law

    It was the ancient Salian Frankish civil law code compiled by the first Frankish King, Clovis.
  • 511

    (France) Reign of Clovis

    He was the first king of the Franks to unite all of the Frankish tribes under one ruler, changing the form of leadership from a group of royal chieftains to rule by a single king and ensuring that the kingship was passed down to his heirs.
  • 527

    (Byzantine Empire) Justinian becomes Emperor of the Byzantine Empire

    During his reign, Justinian sought to revive the empire's greatness and reconquer the lost western half of the historical Roman Empire.
  • 532

    (Byzantine Empire) Nika Revolt

    A riot broke out when Justinian refused to pardon two young killers.
  • 573

    (France) Gregory of Tours

    Gregory was in Tours ti seek a cure at the tomb of Saint Martin for a mysterious sickness he had contracted, Gregory was asked by the people to stay and become their bishop as had many of his ancestors had done.
  • Dec 24, 622

    (Islam) Muhammed leaves Mecca for Medina / Foundation of Islam

    Muhammad migrated to Medina in 622, where he had many followers who agreed to help and assist him.
  • Dec 11, 629

    (Islam) Muhammed conquers Mecca

    This is the historical event when Mecca was capitulated for and conquered by Muslims
  • Jan 27, 661

    (Islam) Ali is murdered, creating Sunni/Shia split

    He was wounded by ibn Muljam's poison-coated sword while prostrating in the Fajr prayer.
  • Period: Dec 24, 661 to Dec 25, 750

    (Islam) Umayyad Empire

    It was the second of the four major Arab caliphates established after the death of Muhammad.
  • Dec 24, 700

    (England) Anglo-Saxon Invasion

    The Anglo-Saxon settlement developed from the invasion and mass-migration of people from the Germanic coastlands, largely displacing the native people
  • Oct 10, 732

    (France) The Battle of Tours and Charles Martel

    It was fought on October 10, 732 between forces under the Frankish leader Charles Martel and a massive invading Islamic army led by Emir Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi Abd al Rahman, near the city of Tours, France.
  • Dec 24, 735

    (England) The Venerable Bead's Writing

    He is widely regarded as the greatest of all the Anglo-Saxon scholars.
  • Period: Dec 24, 750 to Dec 25, 1517

    (Islam) The Abbasid Empire

    It was the third of the Islamic caliphates to succeed the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
  • Sep 24, 768

    (France) Pepin the Short

    He was the King of the Franks from 751 until his death. He was the first of the Carolingians to become king.
  • Period: Dec 24, 800 to Dec 25, 924

    (France) The Carolingian Dynasty

    It was the final stage in the history of the early medieval realm of the Franks, ruled by the Carolingian dynasty.
  • Dec 25, 800

    (France) Charlemagne is crowned by pope

    Pope Leo III crowned the Frankish king, Charlemagne, Emperor of the Romans on Christmas Day, 800 in St. Peter's Basilica in Rome, making him the most powerful ruler of his time.
  • Dec 24, 899

    (England) Alfred the Great

    Alfred successfully defended his kingdom against the Viking attempt at conquest, and by the time of his death had become the dominant ruler in England.
  • Dec 24, 1000

    (Germanic Tribes and Early Christian) Beowulf

    A heroic poem on a Scandinavian prince. Reflection of Germanic culture.
  • Period: Dec 24, 1037 to Dec 25, 1194

    (Islam) Seljuk Dynasty

    It was a medieval Turko-Persian[12] Sunni Muslim empire, originating from the Qynyq branch of Oghuz Turks.
  • Dec 24, 1054

    (Byzantine Empire) Schism between Greek Orthodox and Roman Catholic

    It is the break of communion between what are now the Eastern Orthodox and Catholic Churches, which began in the 11th century and continues to the present day.
  • Dec 24, 1054

    (Byzantine Empire) Schism between Greek orthodox and Roman Catholic

    was the capture of the capital of the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire by an invading army of the Ottoman Empire on 29 May 1453.
  • Dec 24, 1095

    (Middle Ages) Pope Urban's speech at Council of Clermont

    1. Trade routes
    2. Need to give soldiers something to do
    3. Protect pilgrims 4, Reunite East and West
    4. Attention
  • Dec 24, 1099

    (Middle Ages) Christians take Jerusalem in first crusade

    The climax of the First Crusade, the successful siege saw the Crusaders seize the city from the Fatimid Caliphate and laid the foundations for the Kingdom of Jerusalem.
  • Dec 24, 1100

    (England) Norman Invasion of England

    The Norman conquest of England was the 11th century invasion and occupation of England by an army of Norman, Breton, and French soldiers led by Duke William II of Normandy, later styled as William the Conqueror.
  • Period: Dec 24, 1189 to Dec 25, 1192

    (Middle Ages) Third crusade

    It was an attempt by European leaders to reconquer the Holy Land from Saladin
  • Dec 24, 1200

    (Germanic Tribes and Early Christian) Prose Edda

    Thor is a manic and ruthless deity controversial to the peaceful Jesus.
  • Period: Dec 24, 1202 to Dec 25, 1204

    (Middle Ages) Fourth Crusade

    It was a Western European armed expedition called by Pope Innocent III, originally intended to conquer Muslim-controlled Jerusalem by means of an invasion through Egypt.
  • Dec 24, 1212

    (Middle Ages) Children's Crusade

    The Children's Crusade is the name given to a disastrous Crusade by European Christians to expel Muslims from the Holy Land said to have taken place in 1212.
  • Period: Dec 24, 1213 to Dec 25, 1221

    (Middle Ages) Fifth Crusade

    It was an attempt by Western Europeans to reacquire Jerusalem and the rest of the Holy Land by first conquering the powerful Ayyubid state in Egypt.
  • Period: Dec 24, 1228 to Dec 25, 1244

    (Middle Ages) Sixth crusade

    The Sixth Crusade started in 1228 as an attempt to regain Jerusalem. It began seven years after the failure of the Fifth Crusade and involved very little actual fighting.
  • Dec 24, 1270

    (Middle Ages) Eighth Crusade

    The Eighth Crusade was a crusade launched by Louis IX of France against the city of Tunis in 1270.
  • Period: Dec 24, 1271 to Dec 25, 1272

    (Middle Ages) Ninth Crusade

    It is commonly considered to be the last major medieval Crusade to the Holy Land.
  • Dec 24, 1325

    Ibn Battuta left on pilgrimage to Mecca

    Ibn Battuta set out from Tangier, a city in northern Morocco, in 1325, on a pilgrimage to Mecca, some 3,000 miles (over 4,800 km) to the East.
  • May 29, 1453

    (Middle Ages) Ottoman Empire takes Constantinople

    It was the capture of the capital of the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire by an invading army of the Ottoman Empire on 29 May 1453.
  • (England) The House of Wessex

    The House of Wessex, also known as the House of Cerdic (Cerdicingas in Old English), refers to the family that initially ruled a kingdom in southwest England known as Wessex, from the 6th century under Cerdic of Wessex until the unification of the Kingdoms of England.