Medieval History

  • 410

    The Visigoths Sack Rome

    After 3 sieges on Rome, the Visigoths are let in by slaves and sack the city.
  • Period: 410 to Dec 31, 1485

    Medieval Period

    A brief timeline of the Medieval period, (476-1485AD)
  • 476

    The Fall of The (Western) Roman Empire

    The last emperor of Rome, Romulus Augustus abdicates under pressure from others.
  • 500

    King Arthur is Born and Rules

    It is uncertain whether King Arthur existed, but if so, he was born and ruled somewhere in the 5th-6th centuries.
  • Jan 1, 1066

    The End of the Viking Age

    The Norwegian/Viking king Harald III is defeated in the Battle for Stamford Bridge, ending the Viking Age.
  • Oct 14, 1066

    The Battle of Hastings and the Start of the Reign of William the Conquerer

    The Battle of Hastings was a major Norman victory that saw Duke William the II rise up against all odds and defeat Harold II. This saw William into power and the title 'Conquerer'.
  • Jan 1, 1086

    The Creation of the Domesday Book

    The Domesday land survey is created after a years' work on it.
  • Sep 9, 1087

    The End of William the Conquerers Reign

    William's reign after he dies from fatal abdominal injuries, caused by his saddle pommel.
  • Jan 1, 1095

    The Start of the1st Crusade

    Pope Urban II calls for Christians to join in a war against the Turks.
  • Jun 7, 1099

    The End of the 1st Crusade

    The First Crusade ends after the invading armies finally reach the walls of Jerusalem.
  • Jul 15, 1099

    The Siege of Jerusalem

    The Jews and the Muslims fight together against the invading Franks, but lose the city.
  • Jan 1, 1147

    The Start of the 2nd Crusade

    In 1147, King Louis VII and Conrad III launched an unsuccessful attack on Jerusalem, but failed to win any major victories.
  • Jan 1, 1149

    The End of the Second Crusade

    The Second Crusade finally ended in 1149, after an unsuccessful campaign.
  • Jan 1, 1187

    The Start of the 3rd Crusade

    In 1187 the Sultan of Egypt retook Jerusalem after a century of Christian rule.
  • Jan 1, 1192

    The End of the 3rd Crusade

    The 3rd Crusades ends, and Jerusalem remains under Muslim control.
  • Jan 1, 1202

    The Start of the 4th Crusade

    In 1202 Pope Innocent III launches the 4th Crusade, with the intention of invading the Holy Land. The Crusaders don't have money for provisions and fleets, so sail to Constantinople, which they sack, and instead create the Latin Empire and other 'Crusader' states.
  • Jan 1, 1204

    The End of the 4th Crusade

    The 4th Crusade ends after much confusion and misunderstanding.
  • Jan 1, 1204

    The End of the 4th Crusade

  • Jan 1, 1206

    Genghis Khan Founds the Mongol Empire

    Genghis Khan founds one of the largest empires in history, later to cover 22% of the Earth's surface.
  • Jan 1, 1212

    The Children's Crusade

    The Children's Crusade is a possibly fictitious series of events during 1212, where the French and the German led armies of children to Jerusalem. None of the children ever made it to the Holy Land though.
  • Jun 15, 1215

    The Signing of Magna Carta

    King John is forced to sign Magna Carta, which reduced King John's (and future monarchs') power, including no interference with the church, no levied taxes (except regular feudal dues) and weights and measures were kept uniform throughout the kingdom.
  • Jan 1, 1217

    The Start of the 5th Crusade

    In 1217 the 5th crusade starts. There are 2 phases. In the 1st, A European force and the Prince of Antioch join together to take back Jerusalem. In the 2nd phase, some crusader force remarkably capture Damietta, Egypt. They then launch a costly attack on Cairo and are forced to retreat and surrender.
  • Jul 1, 1221

    The End of the 5th Crusade

  • Jan 1, 1228

    The Start of the 6th Crusade

    Emperor Fredrick II launches fleet to Saint-Jean d'Acre, and through diplomacy amazingly recovers Jerusalem, Nazareth and Bethlehem for the Christians for 10 years.
  • Jan 1, 1229

    The End of the 6th Crusade

    Fredrick makes peace treaty with Al-Kamil, (Ruler of Egypt) allowing almost total Christian control of Jerusalem.
  • Feb 13, 1244

    Jerusalem Taken Back from the Christians

    The Muslims are unhappy with the peace treaty and lay siege on Jerusalem, ending with the Muslims succeding and taking the city for themselves.
  • Jan 1, 1248

    The Start of the 7th Crusade

    Louis IX organises a crusade against Jerusalem.
  • Jan 1, 1254

    The End of the 7th Crusade

    After many years of stagnant fighting and failures, the 7th crusade ends.
  • Jan 1, 1270

    The Start and the End of the 8th Crusade

    This crusade was also organised by Louis IX, and his intention was to come to the aid of some 'Crusader states' in Syria. Louis never made it to Syria, as his crusade was diverted to Tunis, Tunisia, where he died after just 2 months. Louis was later canonised.
  • Jan 1, 1271

    The Start of the 9th Crusade

    Edward, (Who was to become Edward I of England) who accompanied Louis IX on the 8th crusade initiates a crusade.
  • Jan 1, 1272

    The End of the 9th Crusade and the End of the Crusades in the Middle East

    The 9th crusade is deemed a failure and is ended.
  • Jan 1, 1337

    The Start of the Hundred Years' War

    The Hundred Years' war starts after build-ups in hostilities over the French throne.
  • Jan 1, 1346

    The Start of the Black Death in Europe

    The Black Death arrives from China, wreaking havoc amongst Europe, killing 30-60% of Europes population.
  • Jan 1, 1351

    The Black Death Disappears

    Finally, the Black Death is contained and disappears.
  • Jun 1, 1381

    The Peasants' Revolt

    Incidents to do with taxes in the Essex towns of Fobbing and Brentwood triggered the grueling Peasants' Revolt, which wasn't successful to the extent the 'peasants' were after, although it did show the rich that the peasants were capable of wreaking havoc.
  • Jan 1, 1455

    The Start of the War of the Roses

    The House of York and Lancaster start the War of the Roses, a large civil war for the throne of England.
  • Aug 1, 1485

    The End of the War of the Roses and Medieval Period and the Start of the Renaissance

    The War of the Roses ends and so does the Medieval period.
  • The Start of the Reign of Charlemagne

    Charlemagne inherits the Frankish Kingdom.
  • Charlemagne Dies

    Charlemagne dies after 47 years in power.
  • The Start of the Viking Age

    The Vikings raid Lindesfarme and begin the Viking age.
  • Charlemagne is Crowned Emperor of the Romans

    After expanding the Frankish Kingdom into an empire, Charlemagne conquers Italy and is crowned the Emperor of the Romans.