Middle Ages

  • 100

    Tacitus' Germania

    Tacitus was trying to critique the Roman society by writing about the Germans.
  • 313

    Edict of Milan

    Helped to protect Christians and made Christianity the official language.
  • 325

    Nicene Creed

    Constantine was with the council of Nicea to unify the Christian church with one doctrine.
  • 410

    Legions depart

    The Roman legions leave Brittania which leads to the end of literacy in that region.
  • 410

    The Sacking of Rome by Alaric

    The city was attacked by the Visigoths who were being led by King Alaric and this sacking was seen as a major component to the downfall of Rome.
  • 413

    Theodosius II builds a great wall around Constantinople

    Built and were being used to protect the city.
  • 481

    Merovingian Dynasty

    Founded by Childeric, who is the father of Clovis. Clovis united all of Gaul under the Merovingian rules. Pepin the short was crowned the King of the Franks. During the Battle of Tours, the Franks were led by Charles Martel and were going against Muslims, but the Franks were victorious.
  • 507

    The Salic Law

    The purpose of these laws was to show the price a man would have to pay, literally, for committing any of the crimes.
  • 519

    The House of Wessex

    The House of Wessex refers to the family that initially ruled a kingdom in Southwest England known as Wessex. The founder was Cerdic of Wessix.
  • 527

    Justinian becomes Emperor of the Byzantine Empire

    When Justinian was Emperor of the Byzantine Empire he was able to reclaim some of the land that was lost throughout the years. He also began the construction of the Hagia Sophia.
  • 532

    Nika Revolt

    The destruction of these revolts allowed for the Hagia Sophia to be built, which was designed to overawe barbarians to get them to convert to Christianity.
  • 550

    Anglo-Saxon Invasion

    The first Anglo-Saxons ended up traveling to Britain because the Roman troops had left and they saw an opportunity to strike,
  • 594

    Gregory of Tours

    Gregory was a bishop and he was the person who excused Clovis of his sins because he is a Christian.
  • Dec 24, 622

    Muhammad leaves Mecca for Medina/Foundation of Islam

    Muhammad was invited to live with a tribe who lived in Medina and left in the middle of the night to make it there.
  • Dec 24, 623

    Muhammad conquers Mecca

    When he was outnumbered in battle, Muhammad called out "If you die you'll go to paradise," which made his men want to die for their rights.
  • Dec 24, 632

    Ali is murdered, creating Sunni/Shia split

    The Shia and Sunni split over the dispute of who is the rightful successor of Muhammad, some believed it should be a family member while other people believed that it should be a muslim member.
  • Dec 24, 661

    Umayyad Empire

    The second of the four major Arab Caliphates established after the death of Muhammad and still included Muslim teachings.
  • Dec 24, 672

    The Venerable Bead's Writing

    The Venerable Bead was the founding father of English history and was the first story teller.
  • Dec 24, 691

    Dome of the Rock built in Jersusalem

    A shrine that is located on the Temple Mount and is one of the oldest works of Islamic Architecture.
  • Dec 24, 800

    The Carolingian Dynasty

    The Carolingian Dynasty was a Frankish noble family and Pepin the short was declared King of the Franks.
  • Dec 24, 800

    Charlemagne is crowned by Pope

    Charlemagne was crowned by Pope Leo, at St Peter's Basilica in Rome, which made him the most powerful ruler of his time.
  • Dec 24, 849

    Alfred the Great

    One of the things that Alfred the Great is known for is he had the only Anglo-Saxon tribe to survive Viking attacks. The other thing he is well known for is making peace with the English and the Vikings.
  • Dec 24, 1000


    The date of when Beowulf was written is important because we know that the author was a Christian.
  • Dec 24, 1000

    Population Growth

    The population in England started to increase due to the expansion of trades and more people coming to get more resources and now living there.
  • Dec 24, 1054

    Schism between Greek Orthodox and Roman Catholic

    Cerularius wanted to go against the Pope due to an alliance the Pope and Emperor might make. This caused the schism to happen, which led to Cerularius to be excommunicated (took away his power).
  • Dec 24, 1066

    Norman Invasion of England

    The Bayeux tapestry tells of William the Conqueror's invasion of Britain, which was successful. (last person to have a successful invasion of Britain).
  • Dec 24, 1095

    Pope Urban's speech at the Council of Clermont

    The fives reasons why you should go on a crusade are, remission of sins, reclaim holy land, overpopulation, killed a lot of Christians, and Christians were not allowed to go on a pilgrimage.
  • Dec 24, 1097

    Christians take Jerusalem in 1st crusade

    The Christians who went on the Crusade and slaughtered all of the Muslims were seen as violent and their acts were "un-Christian."
  • Dec 24, 1100

    Seljuk Dynasty

    The Seljuk Dynasty is different from the Umayyad and Abbasid Empire because they were both caliphates and successors to Muhammad.
  • Dec 24, 1189

    3rd Crusade

    During the third crusade Richard and the Christians went against Saladin and the Muslims. They each had gains and loses during this crusade, sometimes they would gain land, others they would lose the land. In the end there was a Peace Treaty, which did not last.
  • Dec 24, 1200

    Prose Edda

    Snorri Sturlson says we lost the name of God because we started worshipping other Gods. Thor reflects the German values because he is arrogant, easy to anger, and relentless.
  • Dec 24, 1202

    4th Crusade

    Originally the Crusaders planned to conquer Jerusalem and get it back from the Muslims, but instead they ended up conquering Constantinople which was capitol of the Byzantine Empire that was controlled by the Christians.
  • Dec 24, 1212

    Children's Crusade

    The children's crusade was supposedly a very bad crusade led by the European Christians to attempt to get the Muslims out of the Holy Land.
  • Dec 24, 1213

    5th Crusade

    During the Fifth Crusade the Western Europeans attempted to reconquer Jerusalem and the rest of the Holy Land. But in doing so they would first have to conquer the Ayyubid state which was in Egypt.
  • Dec 24, 1228

    6th Crusade

    Once again the crusaders were still trying to reconquer Jerusalem, which was kind of successful because they gained some control over Jerusalem and they also gained control over some of the other Holy Lands.
  • Dec 24, 1261

    The Abbasid Empire

    The Abbasid Empire was the third Muslim Caliphate to succeed the prophet Muhammad and they ruled as Caliphs.
  • Dec 24, 1270

    8th Crusade

    The crusade was created by Louis IX of France against the city of Tunis. The crusade is considered a failure because Louis died of a disease shortly after arriving at the shores of Tunisia.
  • Dec 24, 1271

    9th Crusade

    The crusade was not a complete failure like most of the other crusades. Considered to be the last major medieval crusade to the holy land. The result of this crusade was the Treaty of Caesarea.
  • Dec 24, 1325

    Ibn Battuta left on pilgrimage for Mecca

    Traveled across North Africa to get to Egypt, he studied Muslim law which led him to go on a pilgrimage to Mecca, which is Hajj.
  • Dec 24, 1453

    Ottoman Empire takes Constantinople

    The Ottomans were being controlled by Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II, who defeated the Byzantine army who were controlled by the Byzantine Emperor, Constantine XI Palaiologos. The conquest of Constantinople was followed by a 53 day siege. The capture of Constantinople was the end of the Roman empire, which lasted for 1500 years.