Tacitus was trying to critique the Roman society by writing about the Germans.
Edict of Milan
Helped to protect Christians and made Christianity the official language.
Constantine was with the council of Nicea to unify the Christian church with one doctrine.
The Roman legions leave Brittania which leads to the end of literacy in that region.
The Sacking of Rome by Alaric
The city was attacked by the Visigoths who were being led by King Alaric and this sacking was seen as a major component to the downfall of Rome.
Theodosius II builds a great wall around Constantinople
Built and were being used to protect the city.
Founded by Childeric, who is the father of Clovis. Clovis united all of Gaul under the Merovingian rules. Pepin the short was crowned the King of the Franks. During the Battle of Tours, the Franks were led by Charles Martel and were going against Muslims, but the Franks were victorious.
The Salic Law
The purpose of these laws was to show the price a man would have to pay, literally, for committing any of the crimes.
The House of Wessex
The House of Wessex refers to the family that initially ruled a kingdom in Southwest England known as Wessex. The founder was Cerdic of Wessix.
Justinian becomes Emperor of the Byzantine Empire
When Justinian was Emperor of the Byzantine Empire he was able to reclaim some of the land that was lost throughout the years. He also began the construction of the Hagia Sophia.
The destruction of these revolts allowed for the Hagia Sophia to be built, which was designed to overawe barbarians to get them to convert to Christianity.
The first Anglo-Saxons ended up traveling to Britain because the Roman troops had left and they saw an opportunity to strike,
Gregory of Tours
Gregory was a bishop and he was the person who excused Clovis of his sins because he is a Christian.
Dec 24, 622
Muhammad leaves Mecca for Medina/Foundation of Islam
Muhammad was invited to live with a tribe who lived in Medina and left in the middle of the night to make it there.
Dec 24, 623
Muhammad conquers Mecca
When he was outnumbered in battle, Muhammad called out "If you die you'll go to paradise," which made his men want to die for their rights.
Dec 24, 632
Ali is murdered, creating Sunni/Shia split
The Shia and Sunni split over the dispute of who is the rightful successor of Muhammad, some believed it should be a family member while other people believed that it should be a muslim member.
Dec 24, 661
The second of the four major Arab Caliphates established after the death of Muhammad and still included Muslim teachings.
Dec 24, 672
The Venerable Bead's Writing
The Venerable Bead was the founding father of English history and was the first story teller.
Dec 24, 691
Dome of the Rock built in Jersusalem
A shrine that is located on the Temple Mount and is one of the oldest works of Islamic Architecture.
Dec 24, 800
The Carolingian Dynasty
The Carolingian Dynasty was a Frankish noble family and Pepin the short was declared King of the Franks.
Dec 24, 800
Charlemagne is crowned by Pope
Charlemagne was crowned by Pope Leo, at St Peter's Basilica in Rome, which made him the most powerful ruler of his time.
Dec 24, 849
Alfred the Great
One of the things that Alfred the Great is known for is he had the only Anglo-Saxon tribe to survive Viking attacks. The other thing he is well known for is making peace with the English and the Vikings.
Dec 24, 1000
The date of when Beowulf was written is important because we know that the author was a Christian.
Dec 24, 1000
The population in England started to increase due to the expansion of trades and more people coming to get more resources and now living there.
Dec 24, 1054
Schism between Greek Orthodox and Roman Catholic
Cerularius wanted to go against the Pope due to an alliance the Pope and Emperor might make. This caused the schism to happen, which led to Cerularius to be excommunicated (took away his power).
Dec 24, 1066
Norman Invasion of England
The Bayeux tapestry tells of William the Conqueror's invasion of Britain, which was successful. (last person to have a successful invasion of Britain).
Dec 24, 1095
Pope Urban's speech at the Council of Clermont
The fives reasons why you should go on a crusade are, remission of sins, reclaim holy land, overpopulation, killed a lot of Christians, and Christians were not allowed to go on a pilgrimage.
Dec 24, 1097
Christians take Jerusalem in 1st crusade
The Christians who went on the Crusade and slaughtered all of the Muslims were seen as violent and their acts were "un-Christian."
Dec 24, 1100
The Seljuk Dynasty is different from the Umayyad and Abbasid Empire because they were both caliphates and successors to Muhammad.
Dec 24, 1189
During the third crusade Richard and the Christians went against Saladin and the Muslims. They each had gains and loses during this crusade, sometimes they would gain land, others they would lose the land. In the end there was a Peace Treaty, which did not last.
Dec 24, 1200
Snorri Sturlson says we lost the name of God because we started worshipping other Gods. Thor reflects the German values because he is arrogant, easy to anger, and relentless.
Dec 24, 1202
Originally the Crusaders planned to conquer Jerusalem and get it back from the Muslims, but instead they ended up conquering Constantinople which was capitol of the Byzantine Empire that was controlled by the Christians.
Dec 24, 1212
The children's crusade was supposedly a very bad crusade led by the European Christians to attempt to get the Muslims out of the Holy Land.
Dec 24, 1213
During the Fifth Crusade the Western Europeans attempted to reconquer Jerusalem and the rest of the Holy Land. But in doing so they would first have to conquer the Ayyubid state which was in Egypt.
Dec 24, 1228
Once again the crusaders were still trying to reconquer Jerusalem, which was kind of successful because they gained some control over Jerusalem and they also gained control over some of the other Holy Lands.
Dec 24, 1261
The Abbasid Empire
The Abbasid Empire was the third Muslim Caliphate to succeed the prophet Muhammad and they ruled as Caliphs.
Dec 24, 1270
The crusade was created by Louis IX of France against the city of Tunis. The crusade is considered a failure because Louis died of a disease shortly after arriving at the shores of Tunisia.
Dec 24, 1271
The crusade was not a complete failure like most of the other crusades. Considered to be the last major medieval crusade to the holy land. The result of this crusade was the Treaty of Caesarea.
Dec 24, 1325
Ibn Battuta left on pilgrimage for Mecca
Traveled across North Africa to get to Egypt, he studied Muslim law which led him to go on a pilgrimage to Mecca, which is Hajj.
Dec 24, 1453
Ottoman Empire takes Constantinople
The Ottomans were being controlled by Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II, who defeated the Byzantine army who were controlled by the Byzantine Emperor, Constantine XI Palaiologos. The conquest of Constantinople was followed by a 53 day siege. The capture of Constantinople was the end of the Roman empire, which lasted for 1500 years.