Crusades final


  • Jan 1, 1054

    East - West Schism

  • Aug 26, 1071

    Battle of Manzikert

    Byzantine emperor Romanus IV loses battle to the Turks.
  • Jan 1, 1095

    Alexius I Comnenus asks for help, Council of Clermont

    Alexius I Comnenus asks the West for help against the Turks. Urban II responds with Council of Clermont which calls for crusade as an act of mercy.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1095 to Jan 1, 1099

    First Crusade

  • Aug 6, 1096

    Beginning of First Crusade

    Peter the Hermit travels around drumming up support. People's crusade heads for Constantinople, doesn't wait for others, destroyed in Anatolia (6, Aug). Prince's Crusade leaves for Constantinople, lead by Godfrey of Bouillon, his bro Baldwin of Boulogne, and Hugh of Vermandois (mid-Aug).
  • Jan 1, 1097

    More Prince's Arrive

    Bohemond of Taranto, Count Raymond of Toulouse, and Papal legate Adhemar arrive in Constantinople. All take oath of loyalty to Alexius. At Siege of Antioch Baldwin of Boulogne and Tancred (Bohemond's Counsin) split off from group and take Edessa with Baldwin as ruler. Making it the first crusader state and an important buffer zone.
  • May 21, 1097

    Battle at Nicea

    Latin's besieging Nicea, Alexius makes secret treaty with Nicean ruler and takes it over in the middle of the night without telling Latins. Strike 1 against Alexius.
  • Jan 1, 1098

    Kerbogha vs. Crusaders

    Bohemond and buddies take Antioch. Turkish leader Kerbogha besieges the town, but the crusaders get rid of them. Bohemnd chosen as ruler of Antioch.
  • Jul 13, 1099

    To Jerusalem

    Crusaders march to Jerusalem (January), make pathetic attempt to take the city by storm. After one day where everyone got a little weird and walked around barefoot and signing, they began a siege that lasts from July 13th-15th. On the 15th they successfully take the city.
  • Jul 15, 1099

    Who Will Rule? End of 1st Crusade

    Kingship offered to Raymond, he refuses on principle, but is pissed when it goes to Godfrey instead. Raymond starts to leave, but turns around when he hears of the Egyptians attacking fellow Crusaders at Ascelon. After helping he really goes home. Godfrey & Tancred left to defend Jerusalem.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1100 to Jan 1, 1118

    Baldwin I

  • Jul 18, 1100

    Godfrey's Heir?

    Godfrey dies. Diambert, Papal Legate & Archbishop of Pisa thinks this is his chance to rule as Patriarch of Jerusalem. Instead crown given to Baldwin of Edessa. On his way to Jerusalem he stops and takes Antioch since Bohemond had been captured.
  • Dec 25, 1100

    Baldwin I

    Baldwin I crowned first king of Jerusalem by Diambert. (1100-18). Removes Diambert from office.
  • Jan 1, 1101

    "Third Wave" of Crusaders

    Third Wave of crusaders unable to leave earlier arrives. Lambards, Stephen of Blois meet up with Raymond. Lambards destroyed in Anatolia.
  • Jan 1, 1103

    Crusaders at Aleppo

    Bohemond released, partners w/Baldwin of Boureq (Ruler of Edessa) & Joscelin of Courtenay to capture Aleppo. Defeated, Joscelin & Baldwin captured. Tancred send by Baldwin I to defend Edessa.
  • Jan 1, 1111

    Bohemond Dies

  • Jan 1, 1113


    Hospitallers become seperate religious order. Named for the Hospitals they run, however they also have a group of knights who fight.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1118 to Jan 1, 1131

    Baldwin II

  • Apr 2, 1118

    Problem of Succession, Balwin II

    Baldwin I dies, problem of succession with no precedent. Baldwin named his bro Eustace of Boulogne but Barons elect Baldwin of Boureq (ruler of Edessa) while Joscelin gets Edessa.
  • Oct 12, 1123

    Baldwin II Taken Hostage, Venetian Crusade

    Balak of Aleppo took Joscelin hostage after attacking Edessa in 1122, Baldwin II counter attacks and is captured. 1122-4 Venetian Crusade. Destroy Egyptian armadad, take Tyre, Balak dies, Baldwin II released.
  • Jan 1, 1128

    Zengi & Knights Templar

    Zengi has control over Aleppo and Mosul. Most powerful Muslim yet. Hugh of Payns forms Knighs Templar to escort pilgrams. St. Bernard a fan.
  • Jan 1, 1131

    Baldwin II Dies, King Fulk

    Baldwin II dies. Last of original crusaders. Lord Fulk of Anjou, wife Melisende (Baldwin II's daughter), and their son Baldwin inherit kingdom.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1131 to Jan 1, 1153

    Melisende & Fulk

  • Jan 1, 1139

    Keeping Zengi out of Damascus

    Emir of Damascus asks King Fulk for help keeping Zengi out of the city. Fulk helps so Zengi doesn't get to close to Latin kingdoms.
  • Jan 1, 1143

    King Fulk Dies, Melisende & Baldwin III Rule

  • Period: Jan 1, 1143 to Jan 1, 1153

    Baldwin III

  • Dec 24, 1144

    Siege of Edessa

    Zengi besieges Edessa; Joscelin & best troops gone, ask Reymond of Antioch for help but he's a little girl so he refuses out of spite. Melisende sends help, but too little, too late. Dec. 24th Zengi takes Edessa, shatters Christian confidence.
  • Jan 1, 1145

    Eugene III Calls for Second Crusade

    St. Bernard of Clairvaux drums up support. Louis VII really into the idea.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1146 to Jan 1, 1148

    Second Crusade

  • Sep 14, 1146

    Zengi Killed in His Sleep

  • Jan 1, 1147

    Crusading Escapades

    Flemish, Normon, & English crusaders leave, stop in Lisbon to help Alfonsi siege it.
    Conrad II takes his Germans & doesn't wait for others. Marches on Antioch, gets destroyed at Dorylaeum, go back to wait at Nicea.
    Manuel I orders troops to protect Byzantine citizens, leads to Christians fighting more Byzantines than Arabs.
  • Jan 1, 1148

    Next Round of Escapades, End of 2nd Crusade

    Louis VII sails to Antioch, orders troops to march, they get massacred by Turks. July 24th, siege of Damascus begins, ends 4 days later. Embarrassing for Christians, empowering for Muslims.
    Conrad II goes to Constantinople, Louis VII dicks around for a while.
    2nd Crusade ends with more damage down to East/West relations than anything else.
    Nur ed-Din strengthened.
  • Jan 1, 1153

    Baldwin III takes Ascalon

    With Melisende gone, Baldwin III successfully sieges Ascalon, putting all of Palestine under Latin control. However while he's doing that Nur ed-Din takes Damascus.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1153 to Jan 1, 1174


    William of Tyre important in his court as historian of the Crusades
  • Jan 1, 1158

    Baldwin III & Mauel I

    Baldwin III and Manuel I make alliance; Manuel will march on Antioch & then help Baldwin against ed-Din. Baldwin marries Manuel's niece Theodora.
  • Jan 1, 1159

    Asshole Reynald

    Manuel I takes Antioch but lets Reynald rule as a vassal. Maks agreement with ed-Din preserving current boundries, honored by all by asshole Reynald. in 1160 Raynald taken hostage and nobody willing to pay his ransom.
  • Jan 1, 1163

    Baldwin III dies, Amalric takes over

    Baldwin III dies & Amalric takes throne, first gets marriage annuled & children declared legit.
  • Jan 1, 1164

    Egypt Shenanigans Begin

    Vizier of Egypt, Shawar, asks Amalric for help against Shirkuh, ed-Din's Kurdish General. Amalric besieges Shirkuh at Bilbeis, while ed-Din attakcs Latins near Antioch. Amalric agrees to leave Egypt if Shirkuh does.
  • Jan 1, 1167

    Egypt Continued

    ed-Din sends Shirkuh back to Egypt, Amalric helps Shawar again. Besieges Alexandria & take it from Shirkuh. Shawar controls Egypt but pays Latins to leave behind troops in Cairo.
  • Jan 1, 1168

    Amalric Betrays Shawar, Appearance of Saladin.

    Amalric marches on Egypt, Shawar goes to old enemy ed-Din for help.Shirkuh sent into Egypt AGAIN, w/army of Damascus. Latins take Bilbeis & march to Cairo. Shirkuh beats them there, leaving Amalric no option but to go home, humiliated. Shirkuh kills Shawar, takes over Egypt, dies 2 months later. Nephew Saladin takes over.
  • Jan 1, 1174

    Amalric & Nur ed-Din Dies, Baldwin IV Takes Over

    13 year old Baldwin IV takes over; he's a leper. Saladin takes Damascus; unifies Islam by pacifying Zengi's relatives & marrying ed-Din's widow.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1174 to Jan 1, 1185

    Baldwin IV

  • Jan 1, 1176

    Marriage of Sibylla

    Seljuk Turks crush Byzantine forces. Baldwin IV's sister, Sibylla, marries William Longsword at behest of Regent Count Raymond III of Tripoli.
  • Jan 1, 1178

    William Dies, Sibylla Gives birth to Baldwin

  • Jan 1, 1180

    Saladin Consolidates Power

    Makes 4 year treaty with Franks and alliance with Mosul
  • Jan 1, 1183

    Guy of Losignon Made Regent

    Guy marries Sibylla & becomes regen to Baldwin IV. Falls out of favor when he waits out an attack by Saladin instead of counter-attacking.
  • Jan 1, 1185

    Baldwin IV Dies

  • Period: Jan 1, 1185 to Jan 1, 1186

    Baldwin V

  • Jan 1, 1186

    Baldwin V Dies, Problem of Succession

    Raymond remains regent while Pope & Kings of Ger/Fr/Eng decide which of his 2 daughters will reign. Joscelin III pulls a fast one on Raymond & tricks control of Jerusalem away from him.
    Sibylla can be queen only if she divorces Guy, does, gets crowned, then remarries and crowns him right after.
    Raymond pissed, forms alliance with Saladin against Jerusalem.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1186 to Jan 1, 1190

    Guy & Sibylla

  • Jul 3, 1187

    Horns of Hattin, Call for 3rd Crusade

    Reynald pissed Saladin off, so he declares war. Guy knows to wait Saladin out, Reymond agrees. Others convince Guy to make treck across desert to reclaim fallen Tiberias. In desert near Hattin troops make camp, get surrounded by Muslims. Next day crusaders rush to volcano (Horns of Hattin) & end up getting slaughtered. All killed or taken captive except Raymond & a few friends. Latin lands have no defensive army, Oct 2 Saladin takes Jerusalem. Greg VIII calls for new crusade.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1188 to Jan 1, 1192

    3rd Crusade

  • Jan 1, 1189

    Start of 3rd Crusade

    Henry II & Philip II leave. Barbarossa leaves with largest army yet, Isaac II makes treaty w/Saladin to slow Fred down. Crusaders side w/Guy in spat between him and Conrad. Guy besieges Acre, Conrad looks petty, must join. Richard I crowned.
  • Jan 1, 1190

    Barbarossa Dies, Guy looses to Conrad

    Isaac stops harrassing after Fred takes Adrianople. After entering Turkish lands, on June 10 Fred dies. German armies splinter, most go home. Duke Frederick leads remaining. Guy looses claim to thronw at Sibylla's death. Conrad forces Isabella (Amalric's daughter) to have her marriage annuled and marry him, and is made King.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1190 to Jan 1, 1205


  • Jan 1, 1191

    Richard Capture Cyprus, Kingship back to Guy

    Isaac Comnenus (not emperor) captures and imprisons some of Richard's men on Cyprus. Richard responds by taking over Cyprus & uses it as important supplier for 3rd Crusade.
    Dick promises to support Guy, he and Philip agree Guy gets it until death then Conrad or his heir. Dick wins Arsuf, later takes Jaffa & Ascelon. Restores confidence.
  • Jan 1, 1192

    Guy & Conrad can't Let Go of the Kingship Issue, Jerusalem

    Dick & others get close to Jerusalem, decide it can't work, & go back. Pisses of rank & file. Kingship issue STILL not settled; Conrad will get Jerusalem & Guy gets Cyprus. King Conrad murdered by assassins shortly after. Dick's nephew, Henry of Champagne marries Isabella & takes over as ruler but never king.
  • Jun 1, 1192

    2nd March on Jerusalem, Peace Treaty, End of 3rd Crusade.

    Richard leads 2nd march on Jerusalem, decides it won't work again, wants to take Egypt 1st. Others disagree, Dick says he'll fight but not lead an attack on Jerusalem, w/out him leading nothing really happens. Richard gets sick, and settles 3 year peace with Saladin. Dick goes home. 3rd Crusade ENDS.
  • Mar 4, 1193

    Saladin Dies

  • Jan 1, 1198

    Innocent III Calls for New Crusade

    Not satisfied with assurance of safe passage, wants more.
  • Jan 1, 1199

    Treaty with Venetian Doge

    To raise money for crusade, Pope makes deal with Venetian Doge for ships and supplies. Tons of people answer call, but nobody knows where to go and when. Only a few thousand show up in Venice on appoined day, Barons are short money; Doge says give what you have and stop at Zara to put down a rebellion.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1201 to Jan 1, 1204

    4th Crusade

  • Jan 1, 1202

    Zara Debacle

    Crusaders arrive at Zara to find that rebellion is led by King of Hungary who gets his money from fellow crusader. Frankish King asks Pope for help, Pope says anyone who fights the rebels will be excommunicated. So they will be excommunicated by man who sent them on crusade if they fight battle necessary to fund said crusade. Fuck it, fight anyways.
  • Jan 1, 1203

    Constantinople Mess

    Alexius Comnenus (Isaac II's son) asks for help deposing Alexius III, claims he's bad, & will pay Crusaders debts in exchange. Innocen III says don't do it, they say, screw it & go. People of Constantinople fight crusaders b/c they like Alexius III. Isaac II hears & gives empire to Alexius IV.
    One day crusaders set mosque on fire, it spreads to city. Aleixus IV asks general for help, general tricks him, throws him in prison, & declares himself emperor. Innocent III says figure out your own shit.
  • Jan 1, 1204

    4th Crusade Out.

    End of 4th Crusade