The Fall of Rome marks the beginning of the Middle Ages. In 476 AD emperor, Rumulus Augustulus, is deposed by the barbarian general Odoacer.This event marks the end of one period, and the beginning of the next.
The Code of Civil Law
The Code of Law was made by the Emperor Justinian and had many laws that governed the people of his empire. They were based off of the Code and Digest.
Muhammed Was Born
Muhammed the Muslim prophet was born in 570 A.D. his infuence was great during his life not only in his religon but others aswell.
Dec 17, 602
The Last Great Roman-Persian War
A long lasting war between the Roman and Persian empires has come to an end. Both empires unable to keep the war going because of low resources and the new strong threat of the united Islamic armies in the south.
Nov 5, 1099
The First Crusade
The First Crusade was marked when Pope Urban declaired the retaking of the Holy Land. Thousands of Christians signed up because the Pope promised all sins would be forgiven if they fought to reclaim Jerusalem from the Muslims.
Feb 4, 1118
The knights Templar Created
The Knights Templar is a group of christians recruited by the church to protect the crusaders journey to the Holy Land. They were organised as the warriors of the church protecting Gods word.
Apr 1, 1147
The Second Crusade
The second crusade was sparked when Muslims took over a crusader state Edessa, which was founded during the First Crusade. Again the crusaders packed their bags and fought in the Holy Land. This crusade ended up a failure in the long run.
Oct 31, 1189
The Third Crusade
This crusade started after the recapture of Jerusalem. Saladin the Muslim leader united the muslim world and took Jerusalem from the Christians and they wanted to take it back. The Christians took many important battles, but in the end the muslims maintained Jerusalem under their rule.
Jul 27, 1202
The Fourth Crusade
The Fourth Crusade started after an agreement between Venice and the crusaders to sack Zadar over money which Zadar owed ot Venice. This went against Pope Innocent lll request and marked the first time Christian crusaders attacked a Christian city. During the Fourth Crusade Constantinople was sacked and was deemed the fall of the Byzantin Empire.
Jun 15, 1215
The Magna Carta was a document that limited a rulers power. This sheet of paper marked one of the only times a ruler thereselves limited there power. The Magna Carta was created because of the dislike of King John of England and the rebels that were in the kingdom at the time. When King John died his son changed it to be less radical which lead to Englands Statue Law.,
May 7, 1272
The Ninth Crusade
The last major crusade in many eyes this marked the end of the Holy War. The crusade was going well for the Christians winning many battles, but troubles back in Europe had the Crusade leaders pushing back. The crusading spirit that was once there was now gone and the remanding crusaders picked up and left after the capture of the last crusader forts in the Mediterranean.
Jul 6, 1298
Marco Polo Travels
Marco Polo was a famous explorer who traveled through Asia specifically China were he was killed. He created a book that recorded his travels and inspired many explorers like Christopher Columbus. His travels created new trade routes between Europe and Asia that wasn't there previously.
Jun 9, 1337
The Hundred Years War
This was a struggle between England and France that had a span of four war periods that lasted in total 116 years. The war was fought over the dominating position in their region of Europe.
Jan 28, 1347
The Black Death
The Black Death was the most devistating disease during the Middle Ages killing 20-40 precent of Europe in the first year of the outbreak. In the plagues span it killed an estimated 50 percent of Europes population. The plague was brought from Asia carried by rats in trade caravans that traveled to and from Europe.
Sep 21, 1429
Joan of Arc
Joan of Arc a Christian woman that had a message from god was on a mission to end The Hundred Years War. She won the battle at Orleans that helped France win the war over England. She was then put to trail on false counts and was burned at the stake, years later she was declaired innocent and was named a martyr and a saint.
Jun 7, 1492
Christopher Columbus and the New World
Christopher Columbus a Italian born explorer discovered America for Spain after his home country wouldn't fund his trip. He took three ships across the Atlantic Ocean and came across a land not descovered which is modern day Americas. He declaired the land for the Spanish. His discovery lead many other explorers to come to America and fight over the land. He is known as the founder of America, but at that time people didn't know that Vikings have already discovered the lands many years before.
Jan 16, 1500
The Renaissance Begins
The Renaissance period begins in Europe. It marks the end of the Middle Ages. The Renaissance was a term coined by Petrarch which means a rebirth od classiscal Greek and Roman ideals.
Sui Dynasty in China
The Sui Dynasty in China created a sense of unity that has been absent in China for almost 400 years. This Dynasty unified the whole of China and created a super power during that time.
The Arab Rise to Power
The Arab army now vast has the power to take over what was the remander of the eastern Roman empire. The Arab army took Jerusalem in 638, then went on to take Alexandria in 643. After they took Alexandria they moved on to siege Constantinople in 674. The siege failed the tried once again in 718, whch also failed. Before the second siege the Arabs took Carthage in 698.
Peace and Truce of God
This movement took place in the Catholic Church, the people of the church spread the word to end conflicts that were unnecessary in atemp to stop fighting. The movemnt was to control the society in non-violent means.