Ancient Times

  • Period: 77 to 100

    CHRISTIAN: Tacitus

    Tacitus made a document, depicting the Romans as being more primitive than the Germans.
  • 313

    CHRISTIAN: Edict of Milan

    CHRISTIAN: Edict of Milan
    It was a proclamation that would make Christianity the main religion of Rome. The effect was permanent and made by Constantine.
  • 325

    CHRISTIAN: Nicaean Creed

    CHRISTIAN: Nicaean Creed
    It is a phrase said to establish your faith. It is called Nicaean Creed because it was first adopted by the council of Niceae.
  • 400

    BYZANTINE: Theodosius ll Builds Great wall.

    BYZANTINE: Theodosius ll Builds Great wall.
    The are a layer of Defensive wall made of stone to protect Constantinople. Surrounded the city on all side to protect from infantry and sea attacks.
  • Period: 400 to 500

    ENGLAND: Anglo-Saxon Invasion

    The migration of Germanic tribes into today, British European territory .
  • 402

    ENGLAND: Roman legions depart

    ENGLAND: Roman legions depart
    Took place when the Romans left Britain. Literacy drastically decreased.
  • 410

    CHRISTIAN: The sacking of Rome by Alaric

    Alaric had attempted to appease both sides by having the Visigoth governors use Roman ethics .Was partially successful but eventually the pillaged the remaining roman forces.
  • Period: 476 to Dec 25, 751

    FRANCE: Merovingian Dynasty

    Founded by Childeric l. Was his famous son Clovis l ,who brought all of Gaul under Merovingian.
  • Period: 481 to 511

    FRANCE: Reign of Clovis l

    Clovis l, the first King of Franks to Unite all of Gaul. Became king at 15 and had adopted Christianity, inventor of the Salic law.
  • 500

    FRANCE: Salic Law

    Salic laws were the Civil codes of Salian Frank's. Made by their king Clovis
  • Period: 527 to 565

    BYZANTINE :Emperor Justinian

    Justinian was known for his code, Justinian Code. This Code says the emperor made and interpreted all the laws, ultimately giving him all control of Rome.
  • 532

    BYZANTINE: Nika Revolt

    BYZANTINE: Nika Revolt
    Most violent riot in Constantinople. Lasted a week with have the city burned or destroyed and tens of thousands were killed.
  • Period: 570 to Dec 25, 622

    ISLAM: Muhammad leaves Mecca, foundation of Islam

    At the age 40, he had begun receiving revaluations from god, generosity to the poor, kind treatment to slaves , etc. those who did not follow him would harass and ridicule his followers. He then left when his uncle was killed, with many of his followers with him to Medina.
  • 594

    FRANCE: Gregory of Tours

    A gallo-Roman historian and Bishop of tours .
  • Period: Jan 1, 600 to Dec 1, 900


    An epic poem about a German warrior and king named Beowulf.
  • Dec 24, 624

    ISLAM: Muhammes captures Mecca

    Muhammad and the Muslims successfully retrieve Mecca.
  • Dec 24, 661

    ISLAM: Murder of Ali

    Ali was the cousin and son-in-law to Muhammad. Also said to be born in sacred sanctuary of the Kaaba. Said to be the first follower. His later ancestors would triphal over where Ali stood next to Muhammad. This caused Ummah to split into Sunni and shi'i.
  • Period: Dec 24, 661 to Dec 25, 750

    ISLAM: Umayyads Death

    One of the 4 major Arab Caliphates established after Muhammad's death.
  • Period: Dec 24, 673 to May 26, 735

    ENGLAND: Venerable Bead

    A monk at monastery of Saint Peters. A famous author of the book Ecclesiastical history of the English people. This earned him the name, "Father of the English history."
  • Dec 24, 691

    ISLAM: Dome of the Rock

    ISLAM: Dome of the Rock
    A shrine. Located at the Temple in Mount in the old City Jerusalem. sometimes called the Mosque Omar.
  • Oct 10, 732

    FRANCE: Battle of Tours, Charles Martel

    FRANCE: Battle of Tours, Charles Martel
    Near Poitier, France. Charles "the Hammer" Martel, had created his own army to defeat Muslims. He had trained his men in the art of stealth, they would sneak behind and pillage and in capacitance their enemy . Thus halting the growth of the Muslim belief and making him the leader of France.
  • Period: Dec 24, 750 to Dec 25, 1258

    ISLAM: Abbasid Empire

    The third of the major Arab Caliphates. Came from Muhammad's youngest uncle.
  • Period: Dec 24, 751 to Dec 25, 768

    FRANCE: Pepin the short, Fing of Franks

    King of Franks. First of Carolingian's to be king. The son of Charles Martel, For recognition from the pope he defended Rome from the Lombard.
  • Dec 25, 800

    FRANCE: Charlemagne Crowned by Pope

    FRANCE: Charlemagne Crowned by Pope
    After he had defused a fight the pope could not handle , he was made Emperor.
  • Period: Dec 24, 849 to Oct 26, 899

    ENGLAND: Alfred the Great

    King of Wessex. Was from the only tribe to survive a viking invasion. Successfully defended his kingdom from viking invasions. By the time of his death, he had become the ruler of England.
  • Period: Dec 24, 871 to Jan 5, 1066

    ENGLAND : House of Wessex

    A family that ruled South west England. Conquered Viking territory .
  • Period: Dec 24, 1060 to Dec 25, 1307

    ISLAM: Seljuk Dynasty

    A Turkish empire that had assimilated many of the Persian customs.
  • Dec 24, 1066

    ENGLAND: Norman Invasion of England

    ENGLAND: Norman Invasion of England
    an invasion Led by Williams The Conqueror on England
  • Nov 18, 1095

    MIDDLE AGES: Pope Urban ll Speech at Council of Clermont

    MIDDLE AGES: Pope Urban ll Speech at Council of Clermont
    Pope Urban ll is manipulating others to join the crusades. Will extinguish your sins and a free pass to heaven. He tries to justify the reasons for the crusades so he can gain power.
  • Jul 15, 1099

    MIDDLE AGES: Christians take Jerusalem in first Crusade

    MIDDLE AGES: Christians take Jerusalem in first Crusade
    The Christians successfully take over Jerusalem from the Muslims and Jews, slaughtering thousand in the process. Men, Women and children are all killed. The conquerors were thugs who had no remorse. Conquers included, prisoners, thieves, knights, monks, merchants, farmers.
  • Period: Dec 24, 1189 to Dec 25, 1192

    MIDDLE AGES: Third Crusade

    Attempt by European kings to reconquer the Holy land from Saladin.
  • Dec 24, 1200

    CHRISTIAN:Prose Edda

    The prose adds is text on old Norse poetics. Combining Christian and Norse mytholgic beliefs.
  • Period: Dec 24, 1202 to Dec 25, 1204

    MIDDLE AGES.: Fourth Crusade

    Another attempt to regain Holy Land from Muslims.
  • Period: May 1, 1212 to Sep 25, 1212

    MIDDLE AGES: Children's Crusade

    Thousands of young people marched to Jerusalem to take it. Failed, did not reach Jerusalem.
  • Period: Dec 24, 1213 to Dec 25, 1221

    MIDDLE AGES: Fifth crusade

    Another attempt to take Jerusalem and the rest of the Holy Land
  • Period: Dec 24, 1248 to Dec 25, 1254

    MIDDLE AGES: Sixth Crusade

    Attempt to take Jerusalem, also attacked Egypt
  • Dec 24, 1270

    MIDDLE AGES: 8th Crusade

    MIDDLE AGES: 8th Crusade
    Attempt to take Tunis. failed
  • Period: Jan 1, 1271 to Dec 25, 1272

    MIDDLE AGES.: 9th Crusade

    Failed attempt to take Turks. The last crusade
  • Period: Dec 24, 1400 to Dec 25, 1560

    MIDDLE AGES: Population Growth (Europe Ice Age)

    The population grew, due to more herbs being grown from the warmer weather. Thus more food was available to feed the people.
  • May 29, 1453

    MIDDLE AGES: Ottoman Empire takes Constantinople.

    MIDDLE AGES: Ottoman Empire takes Constantinople.
    Ottoman Empire takes over Constantinople. Invasion led by Ottoman Sultan Mehmed ll.