Europe and the Middle East after the Fall of Rome - Park

  • 100

    Germanic Tribes Tacitus' Germania

    Writing used to show the fault in the Roman society by comparing the Romans to the Germans. One of the very few primary source documents written on the Germans.
  • 313

    Early Christian Edict of Milan

    Christians must be tolerated
  • 325

    Early Christian Nicaean Creed

    What all Christians believed in and was created to remove confusion amongst Christians.
  • 410

    Early Christian The Sacking of Rome by Alaric

    Visigoths were angry. This marks the beginning of the end of the Roman Empire.
  • Period: 476 to Dec 25, 750

    France Merovingian Dynasty

    Frankish. Many brothers fought each other to rule.
  • 481

    France Reign of Clovis

    First to unite all Frankish Tribes
  • 500

    Byzantine Theodosius

    builds wall around Constantinople, establishing it as the center of the new eastern Roman Empire
  • 511

    France The Salic Law

    Instead of adhering to Roman laws, kings wrote their own laws to strengthen their authority.
  • 527

    Byzantine Justinian becomes Emperor of the Byzantine Empire

    Was originally of peasant stock but rose to be Emperor.
  • 532

    Byzantine Nika Revolt

    Created the Hagia Sophia. It was an attempt to awe barbarians and get them to convert to Christianity. It was later converted into an Islamic mosque
  • 550

    England Anglo-Saxon Invasion

    They were trying to escape the barbarians
  • 550

    England House of Wessex

    family of Cerdic. Ruled over Wessex
  • Period: 573 to 591

    France Gregory of Tours as a historian

    He was also the son of a Roman senator and a Bishop. He was extremely religious and wrote from an ecclesiastical point of view. Gregory forgave Clovis for many of his crimes because he was a Christian
  • Dec 24, 630

    Islam Muhammed leaves Mecca for Medina

    He goes back to the Holy Land with a large tribe of people.
  • Dec 24, 632

    Islam Ali is Murdered

    People split into Sunni and Shia due to their different beliefs
  • Dec 24, 642

    Islam Muhammed Conquers Mecca

    He tells his forces that whoever fights bravely and well will definitely make it into Paradise after death
  • Period: Dec 24, 661 to Dec 25, 750

    Islam Umayyad Empire

    1st to rule over Arab kingdom.
  • Dec 24, 672

    England The Venerable Bead

    found father of England and of English Stories
  • Dec 24, 691

    Islam Dome of the Rock

    Temple Mount. It is a Muslim Shrine
  • Dec 24, 732

    France The Battle of Tours

    Franks vs Muslims. Led by Charles Martel. Franks win
  • Period: Dec 24, 750 to Dec 25, 1258

    Islam Abbasid Empire

    Islamic and emphasized being a believer not just being Arabic
  • Period: Dec 24, 750 to Dec 25, 887

    France The Carolingian Dynasty

    After each leader died, the dynasty would be equally split amongst the sons.
  • Dec 24, 751

    France Pepin the Short

    father of Charlemagne. Son of Charles Martel.
  • Dec 24, 800

    France Charlemagne is crowned

    Pope Leo the 3rd. Christian
  • Period: Dec 24, 950 to Dec 25, 1200

    Islam Seljuk Dynasty

    Seljuk was more religion based than the Byzantine and Germanic Tribes.
  • Dec 24, 980

    Germanic Tribes Beowulf

    It is a foundation work of poetry writing in Old English. Its date is important because it is one of many reasons it is not entirely true. It also shows that the Anglo-Saxons wrote it and historians today can connect Beowulf to a certain culture
  • Dec 24, 1054

    Byzantine Schism between Greek Orthodox and Roman Catholic

    West was Catholic. East was Greek Orthodox. Pope and patriarch excommunicated each other.
  • Dec 24, 1066

    England The Norman Invasion of England

    the Bayeux tapestry depicts this
  • Dec 24, 1071

    Middle Ages Pope Urban's Speech at Council of Clermont

    The Five reasons are: Spiritual reawakening, help others, save Jerusalem, cleaned of sins, and remove restraints ($ and responsibility to family).
  • Jul 15, 1097

    Middle Ages Christians take Jerusalem in first Crusade

    Christians slaughtered 70,000 Muslims. Spared no one
  • Period: Dec 24, 1189 to Dec 25, 1192

    Middle Ages Third Crusade

    Attempt to capture Holy Land from Saladin.
  • Dec 24, 1200

    Early Christians Prose Edda

    A Christian writing about the Pagan mythology. People "lost" the name of God because the people tried to forget about him so they did eventually. Thor is a strong, muscular, angry god. This shows their warlike society and values.
  • Period: Dec 24, 1202 to Dec 25, 1204

    Middle Ages Fourth crusade

    Christians want all of Jerusalem
  • Period: Dec 24, 1212 to Dec 25, 1212

    Middle Ages Children's Crusade

    disaster attempt to expel Muslims
  • Period: Dec 24, 1213 to Dec 25, 1221

    Middle Ages Fifth Crusade

    reacquire holy land and attack Ayyubids
  • Period: Dec 24, 1228 to Dec 25, 1229

    Middle Ages Sixth Crusade

    trying to get Jerusalem... again
  • Period: Dec 24, 1271 to Dec 25, 1272

    Middle Ages Ninth Crusade

    last major crusade
  • Dec 24, 1300

    Islam Ibn Battuta left on pilgrimage to Mecca

    Arab traveler who traveled to many non-Muslim territories. He walked 3,000 miles to Mecca.
  • Dec 24, 1453

    Middle Ages Ottoman Empire takes Constantinople

    led by Sultan Mehmed II
  • Alfred the Great

    849-899 CE, scholar and also united Wessex as king
  • Middle Ages Eighth crusade

    France vs Tunis