Crusade

Crusades

  • Nov 27, 1095

    Pop Urban II call for a crusade

    Pop Urban II call for a crusade
  • Jan 1, 1096

    First Crusade

    First Crusade
    was a military expedition by Roman Catholic Europe to regain the Holy Lands taken in the Muslim conquests of the Levant (632–661), ultimately resulting in the recapture of Jerusalem in 1099.
  • Jan 1, 1099

    the fist crusade is carried out

    the fist crusade is carried out
    the first crusade is carried out in effort to aid Byzantine Christians against Muslim invaders
  • Jul 15, 1099

    Jerusalem was taken

    Jerusalem was taken
    Muslims and jews fought together to defend Jerusalem, but the city was capture by the crusaders
  • Jan 1, 1145

    The Second Crusade

    The Second Crusade
    Launched in response to the capture of Edessa by Muslims in The Second Crusade was accepted by European leaders primarily thanks for the effort of St. Bernard of Clairvaux who travelled across France, Germany, and Italy to exhort people to take up the cross and reassert Christian domination in the Holy Land.
  • Jan 1, 1145

    The recapture of the territory

    The recapture of the territory
    The Second Crusade is launched to recapture territory recently lost to Muslim forces, but in the end only a few Greek islands are actually taken.
  • Dec 24, 1145

    The capture of Edessa

    The capture of Edessa
    Muslim forces under the command of Imad ad-Din Zengi re-capture Edessa, originally taken by Crusaders under Baldwin of Boulogne in 1098. This event makes Zengi a hero among Muslims and leads to a call for a Second Crusade in Europe.
  • Dec 1, 1146

    The German Crusaders

    The German Crusaders
    Conrad III arrives at Constantinople with the remnants of his army of German Crusaders.
  • Jan 1, 1187

    The third crusade

    The third crusade
    By Frederick I Barbarossa, Richard I Lion Heart of England, and Philip II August of France for the control of the “The Holy land” Jerusalem.
  • Jul 2, 1187

    Muslim Forces

    Muslim Forces
    Muslim forces under Saladin capture the city of Tiberias but the garrison, led by Count Raymond's wife Eschiva, manage to hold out in the citadel. Christian forces camp at Sephoria in order to decide what to do. They don't have the strength to attack, but they are inspired to move forward by the image of Eschiva holding out.
  • Jul 4, 1187

    The Battle of Hattin

    The Battle of Hattin
    The Muslim armies under Saladin captured or killed the majority of the Crusader forces, removing their major capacity to win wars. As a direct result of the battle, Islamic forces once again became the eminent military power in the Holy Land, re-conquering Jerusalem and several other Crusader-held cities.
  • Jan 21, 1189

    The Troops for the third crusade

    The Troops for the third crusade
    Troops for the third crusade, called in response to the victories of Muslims under the command of Saladin, began to gather under King Philip II Augustus of France, King Henry II of England (shortly followed by his son, King Richard I), and Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I. Frederick drowned the next year on the way to Palestine - German folklore developed that asserted he was hidden in a mountain waiting to return and lead Germany to a new and brighter future.
    http://atheism.about.com/library/FAQs
  • Jan 1, 1192

    The end of the third crusade

    The end of the third crusade
    It was ultimately unsuccessful. Frederick I Barbarossa of Germany drowned before he even reached the Holy Land and Philip II Augustus of France returned home after a short period of time. Only Richard the Lion Heart of England stayed long.
  • Jan 1, 1198

    the fourth crusade

    the fourth crusade
    Is called to recapture Jerusalem. But it is diverted to Constantinople instead. The capital of the Byzantine Empire would be captured, sacked, and held by Latin rulers until 1261.
    it would be finish in 1204. The crusaders established the Latin Empire (1204–1261) and other Latin states in the Byzantine lands they conquered.
  • Jul 17, 1203

    Fall of Constantinople

    Fall of Constantinople
    Constantinople, capital of the Byzantine Empire, falls to Crusading forces from Western Europe. Deposed emperor Isaac II is freed and resumes rule along side his son, Alexius IV, while Alexius III scape to Mosynopolis in Thrace. Unfortunately, there is no money to pay the Crusaders and the Byzantine nobility are infuriated at what happened.
  • Apr 12, 1204

    The armies of the Fourth Crusade

    The armies of the Fourth Crusade
    Finally favoured the Crusaders. A strong northern wind aided the Venetian ships in coming close to the walls. After a short battle, approximately seventy Crusaders managed to enter the city.
  • Apr 13, 1204

    The Crusaders completely took the city.

    The Crusaders completely took the city.
    The crusaders inflicted a horrible sacking on Constantinople for three days, during which many ancient and medieval Roman and Greek works were stolen or destroyed.
  • Sep 4, 1207

    Death of The Leader of The Fourth Crusade

    Death of The Leader of The Fourth Crusade
    Boniface leader of the Fourth Crusade and founder the Kingdom of Thessalonica, is killed by Kaloyan, Tsar of Bulgaria.