Aug 15, 1096
First Crusades set off for there journeyThe People's Crusade - Freeing the Holy Lands. 1st Crusade led by Count Raymond IV of Toulouse and proclaimed by many wandering preachers, notably Peter the Hermit. official crusader armies set off from France and Italy on the papally ordained date of 15 August 1096. The armies journeyed eastward by land toward Constantinople, where they received a wary welcome from the Byzantine Emperor. Pledging to restore lost territories to the empire, the main army, mostly French and Norman knight.
Nov 27, 1096
The first crusade
Jun 7, 1099
Capture of AntiochThe starving crusader army marched south, moving from town to town along the coast, finally reaching the walls of Jerusalem on 7 June 1099 with only a fraction of their original forces
Jul 15, 1099
the end of the first crusadeDecisive Saracen victory in Holy Land
Decisive Crusader victories in Iberia and the Baltic
Failure to recreate County of Edessa.
Peace treaty between Byzantine Empire and Seljuq Turks.
Beginning of Crusader advances into Egypt.
Collapse of Almoravids, and rise of the Almohads.
Feb 13, 1144
The second CrusadeThe success of the Christians in the First Crusade had been largely due to the disunion among their enemies. But the Moslems learned in time the value of united action, and in 1144 A.D. succeeded in capturing Edessa, one of the principal Christian outposts in the East. The fall of the city of Edessa, followed by the loss of the entire county of Edessa, aroused western Europe to the danger which threatened the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem and led to another crusading enterprise.
Feb 13, 1146
Second Crusade - The Fall and Massacre at EdessaIn the year 1146, the city of Edessa, the bulwark of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem on the side towards Mesopotamia, was taken by the Turks, and the entire population was slaughtered, or sold into slavery
Feb 13, 1155
The end of the second crusade
May 13, 1189
the third CrusadeNot many years after the Second Crusade, the Moslem world found in the famous Saladin a leader for a holy war against the Christians. Saladin in character was a typical Mohammedan, very devout in prayers and fasting, fiercely hostile toward unbelievers, and full of the pride of race. To these qualities he added a kindliness and humanity not surpassed, if equaled, by any of his Christian foes. The Third Crusade was caused by the capture of Jerusalem in 1187 by Saladin, the sultan of Egypt.
Aug 13, 1192
The end of the Third CrusadeAfter driving the Muslims from Acre they left and Saladin failed to defeat Richard in any military engagements, and Richard secured several more key coastal cities
Feb 13, 1202
the fourth crusadeThe real author of the Fourth Crusade was the famous pope, Innocent III. Young, enthusiastic, and ambitious for the glory of the Papacy, he revived the plans of Pope Urban II and sought once more to unite the forces of Christendom against Islam. No Emperor or Kings answered his sumonds. The crusaders of the Fourth expedition captured Constantinople instead of Jerusalem.
Apr 13, 1213
The Fifth CrusadePope Innocent III called a new crusade. However, most of the Christian leaders were busy fighting each other and his request fell in deaf ears: The Christians didn't want another defeat (following the Second, Third and Fourth Crusades' failure). He found another way to launch a crusade, by appealing to the regular Christian citizens who were idle. In turn, he offered indulgence for every Christian who joined the Fifth Crusade or indirectly helped the cause, by paying for example.
Feb 13, 1221
The end of the fifth Crusade
Sep 13, 1228
The Sixth CrusadeIt began as an attempt to regain Jerusalem It involved very little actual fighting. The diplomatic maneuvering of the Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick II resulted in the Kingdom of Jerusalem regaining control of Jerusalem and other areas for fifteen years.
Feb 13, 1229
End of the sixth Crusade
Feb 13, 1248
The seventh CrusadeDisastrous French crusade, led by Louis IX, a reaction to the loss of Jerusalem to the Moslems for the final time. The crusade was aimed at Egypt, the main Muslim power in the area.
Feb 13, 1254
The end of the seventh Crusade
Feb 13, 1261
The end of the fourth Crusade
Feb 13, 1270
The Eighth CrusadeCharles of Anjou was to attack Tunis first in order to command the ports and make the conquest of Egypt, Louis' goal, easier. However, upon landing in Africa in 1270 much of the army became sick due to the water. could be considered a partial success because Charles managed to receive trade rights with Tunis.
Feb 13, 1271
The Ninth CrusadeWas indicated by the misfortunes that, towards the close of the thirteenth century, befell the Christian kingdom in Palestine. They succeeded in capturing Nazareth, and in compelling the sultan of Egypt to agree to a treaty favorable to the Christians in the Last Crusade .
Feb 13, 1272
The End of the Crusades