Humanities: Medieval Eras

  • 100

    Germania: Tacitus

    History of the German people, negative reflection on the Romans and positive description of the German people
  • 313

    Early Christianity: Edict of Milan

    Issued by the Emperor of Rome, Constantine. This States that the practice of Christianity is to be accepted throughout the Roman Empire
  • 381

    Early Christianity: Nicene Creed

    The formal summary of Christian belief first adopted at the Council of Nicaea in 325, but accepted throughout the Empire in 381
  • 410

    Germanic Tribes: The Sacking of Rome by Alaric

    Rome is sacked by the Visigoths who are led by King Alaric
  • 410

    England: Legions Depart

    Because protection was needed elsewhere in the Empire, the Roman forces occupying Britain left. Those that were left were left vulnerable to Germanic invasion
  • 413

    Byzantine: Building of Great wall around Constantinople by Theodosius II

  • 450

    England: Anglo-Saxon invasion of Britain

    Germanic tribes start to invade Britain and Eventually settle there
  • Period: 457 to Dec 25, 751

    France: The Merovingian Dynasty

    The dynasty that ruled over France for nearly 300 years that included Clovis
  • 511

    France: The Salic Law

    The code of laws for the Salian Franks. Its main point was to protect people from Wergeld
  • 532

    Byzantine: Nika Revolt

    Riot in the city of Constantinople during the reign of Justinian. Half the city burned. Led to the construction of Hagia Sophia
  • 591

    France: Gregory of Tours, History of the Franks

    The history of the Frankish people written by Gregory of Tours. Gregory often included bias when talking about Clovis as he supported him greatly
  • Dec 24, 624

    Islam: Muhammad Conquers Mecca

    The founder of Islam, Muhammad, conquers the Islam holy city of Mecca. Said that if his men died in battle, they would go to paradise(heaven)
  • Dec 24, 661

    Islam: Sunni/Shia split

    The assassination of Ali ibn Abi Talib led to the split between the Sunni Muslims and the Shiite Muslims
  • Period: Dec 24, 661 to Dec 25, 750

    Islam: Umayyad Empire

    The death of Ali ibn Abi Talib led to the beginning of the Umayyad Empire, or Caliphate, the second of the four major Arab Caliphates established after the death of Muhammad
  • Period: Dec 24, 672 to Dec 25, 735

    England: Venerable Bede

    An English monk whose history of England earned him the title "The Father of English History". He was also an active writer in a variety of genres, including science, music, poetry, and theology
  • Period: Dec 24, 688 to Dec 25, 741

    France: Charles Martel

    Military leader who lead Frankish soldiers against the invading soldiers under Emir Abdul Rahman, and defeated them
  • Dec 24, 691

    Islam: Dome of the Rock Built in Jerusalem

    Built around the spot where Muhammad ascended to heaven , holy for both Muslims and Jews
  • Period: Dec 24, 714 to Dec 25, 768

    France: Pepin the Short

    Son of Charles Martel who ruled France from 751 until his death
  • Dec 24, 732

    France: The Battle of Tours

    Battle near Tours, France, which took place between the forces of Charles Martel and the invading Islamic forces led by Emir Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi Abd al Rahman
  • Period: Dec 24, 750 to Dec 25, 1517

    Islam: Abbasid Empire

    The third of the four Arab Caliphates
  • Period: Dec 24, 751 to Dec 25, 1122

    France: The Carolingian Dynasty

    The dynasty that began with Pepin the Short in 751 and ended with Eudes, Count of Vermandois
  • Dec 25, 800

    France: Charlemagne is Crowned by Pope

    Near the end of the reign of Charlemagne, one of the greatest Frankish Kings, he was crowned Emperor by Pope Leo
  • Period: Dec 24, 849 to Dec 25, 899

    England: Alfred the Great

    King of Wessex from 871 until his death in 899. Alfred successfully defended his kingdom against the viking invasions and is one of only two English monarchs to be given the Epithet "the Great"
  • Period: Dec 24, 871 to Dec 25, 1066

    England: The House of Wessex

    The House that ruled England from 871-1066, from the beginning of the rule of Alfred the Great until the end of the Rule of Edward the Confessor
  • Dec 24, 1000

    Germanic Tribes: Beowulf

    An Anglo-Saxon narrative of the adventures of Beowulf, a Scandinavian hero and king
  • Dec 24, 1000

    England: Norman Invasion of England

    William the Conqueror becomes King of England over Harold Godwinson, depicted in the Bayeux Tapestry
  • Period: Dec 24, 1016 to Dec 25, 1153

    Islam: Seljuk Dynasty

  • Dec 24, 1054

    Byzantine: Schism between Greek Orthodox and Roman Catholic

    The split of Christianity into Greek Orthodox in the East, and Roman Catholic in the West
  • Dec 24, 1095

    Middle Ages: Pope Urban's Speech at Council of Clermont

    Pope Urban II gives speech because he wants to start the Third Crusade
  • Dec 24, 1099

    Middle Ages: Christians take Jerusalem in First Crusade

    During the first crusade, the christian crusaders take the city of Jerusalem. The inhabitants of Jerusalem (Christians, Jews, and Muslims) were massacred
  • Period: Dec 24, 1189 to Dec 25, 1192

    Middle Ages: Third Crusade

    The third crusade by the Christians. Issued by Pope Urban II
  • Dec 24, 1200

    Germanic Tribes: Prose Edda

    A compilation of Norse poems and Lore compiled and written by Norwegian Poet Snorri Sturlson. Makes it known that he is a christian but is going to but Christianity aside
  • Period: Dec 24, 1202 to Dec 25, 1204

    Middle Ages: Fourth Crusade

    Called by Pope Innocent III, originally intended to conquer Muslim-controlled Jerusalem through Egypt
  • Dec 24, 1212

    Middle Ages: Children's Crusade

    A disastrous attempt by the Christians to expel Muslims from the Holy Land
  • Period: Dec 24, 1213 to Dec 25, 1221

    Middle Ages: Fifth Crusade

    An attempt to acquire Jerusalem and the rest of the Holy Land by first conquering the Ayyubid state in Egypt
  • Period: Dec 24, 1228 to Dec 25, 1229

    Middle Ages: Sixth Crusade

    An attempt by the Church to regain Jerusalem that involved very little actual fighting
  • Dec 24, 1270

    Middle Ages: Eighth Crusade

    A crusade launched by Louis IX of France against the city of Tunis in 1270
  • Period: Dec 24, 1271 to Dec 25, 1272

    Middle Ages: Ninth Crusade

    The last crusade by the Church to the Holy Land
  • Dec 24, 1325

    Islam: Ibn Battuta Pilgrimage to Mecca

    The first hajj to Mecca of one of the greatest travelers of all time, Ibn Battuta
  • Dec 24, 1453

    Middle Ages: Ottoman Empire Takes Constantinople

    The siege and capture of the Byzantine capture of Constantinople by and army of Ottoman Turks led by Sultan Mehmed II. This caused the end of the Byzantine Empire