movement that happened when the church was losing its spiritual mission. The movement tried to disentangle the church from feudalism and secular control.
Jan 1, 1054
The Church Divides
The bishops of Rome and Constantinople were constantly arguing because each thought thst they were more superior than the other. The result of many problems that occured was the division of the church.
Jan 1, 1090
Bernard of Clairvaux was born in 1090. He was a big influence in the catholic church and he still is. One of his famous quotes is " You wish me to tell you wy and how God should be loved. My answer is that God himself is the reason he is to be loved."
Jan 1, 1096
Alexus Comnenus asks for a small number of people to defend Constapoline and is shocked when he finds 12,000 people awaiting to fight for him.
Jan 1, 1122
Concordat of Worms
Emperor Henry V and Pope Callistus II, the emperor relinquished the right of spiritual investiture, or installation of bishops into ecclesiastical office.
Jan 1, 1147
Was preached by Bernard of Clairvaux. Only a few Greek islands were taken.
Jan 1, 1189
Led by Frederick Barbosa, Richard I of England, and Philip II of France. The result was a truce which gave Christians access to Jerusalem and the Holy Places
Jan 1, 1202
Instead of marching on Jerusalem, this crusade was diverted to Constantinople. The city remained in Latin hands until 1261.
Jan 1, 1208
Preached by Pope Innocent III against the Albigensian heretics in southern France.
Jan 1, 1212
Preached by Stephan of Vendome and by Nicholas of Koln. One group reached Marseilles and was sold into slavery; the other turned back.
Jan 1, 1218
The Fifth Crusade consisted of an attack on Egypt. The crusade was led by king Andrew II of Hungary and Duke Leopold VI of Austria.
Jan 1, 1228
Led by Frederick II the Holy Roman Emporer. He negotiated a treaty which led to Christian control of several important holy sites, including Jerusalem. Jerusalem was eventually retaken by Muslim mercenaries in 1244.
Jan 1, 1248
Led by King Louis IX of France also known as Saint Louis. He captured the Egyptian city of Damietta, but was himself taken captive in the battle for Cairo. He was eventually was ransomed
Jan 1, 1270
This attack on Tuins was a fiasco and they did not succeed
Jan 1, 1356
Charles IV passed the Golden Bull which established the principle of an elective monarchy for the empire.
1st King of the Holy Roman Empire
Charlemagne was crowned emperor of the Holy Roman Emporer by the pope on Christmas Day. King Charlemagne died in 1814
Non-believer to Believer
Vladimir led Ukrainians to Christianity through baptism
Greatest of the Saxon Kings
King Otto I The Great was crowned emperor by Pope John XIII in Rome after his great victory when he defeated the Magyars at the Battlle of Lechfield in 955.
The Great Split
eastern and western Franconia were completely seperated and the eastern part became known as France and the western part Germany
First Great Victory
Charlemagne's son Louis captured Barcelona from the Arabs, which created the Spanish March
Charlemagne died and his son Louis became king of the Franks and the Holy Roman Empire
Louis is attacked by his sons allied with pope Gregory IV
Louis died and civil war over land broke out among one of his son's and his other son's child.
Plead for Help
the Pope asks Otto I for protection against Berengar II
The Viking leader Dirk I established the Egmont Benedictine monastery in Holland