The First Crusade

  • Jan 1, 638

    The Fall of Jerusalem

    Jerusalem falls to the Muslims. The Holy Land is now under Islamic control.
  • Jan 1, 1054

    Conflict between Christians

    Conflict between ORthodox and Roman Catholics effects later events.
  • Jan 1, 1071

    Islamic Forces Crush Byzantine Army

    Islamic forces crush the Byzantine Army & imprisons the emperor.
  • Jan 1, 1095

    Appeal for Help

    The new emperor writes and appeal for help & sends it to the Pope.
  • Nov 1, 1095

    Council of Clermont

    Pope Urban II speaks to the Council of Clermont and calls for a crusade to free the Holy Land.
  • May 1, 1096

    Crusade Sets Out

    The People's Crusade sets out from Europe.
  • Jun 1, 1096

    Crusade Leaders depart Europe

    First Crusade leaders were departing Europe
  • Jun 1, 1096

    Embark on the First Crusade

    Armed forces gathered at Constantinople to embark on the First Crusade.
  • Aug 9, 1096

    Emperor Alexius of Constantinople

    Emperor Alexius of Constantinople ships the People's Crusade over the Bosporus
  • Oct 9, 1096

    Annihilation of The People's Crusade

    The Peoples Crusade were annihilated by the Turks in Anatolia
  • May 31, 1097

    Siege of Nicacea

    Siege of Nicacea
  • Jun 9, 1097

    Battle of Dorylaeum

    Battle of Dorylaeum
  • Oct 9, 1097

    The Siege of Antioch

    The Siege of Antioch
  • Jun 9, 1098

    The Siege of Antioch

    The Siege of Antioch
  • Jul 15, 1099

    The Holy City

    The soldiers of the First Crusade successfully scale the walls of Jerusalem and take the Holy city
  • Jun 1, 1144

    Second Crusade

    Crusaders prepared to attack Damascus. 2nd crusade led by Holy Roman Emperor Conrad III and by King Louis VII of France
  • Feb 13, 1155

    End of the Second Crusade

    Although the Second Crusade ended in the defeat of Crusader forces at Damascus in 1148, it did have a notable success, this being the capture of Lisbon from Muslim forces by English Crusaders in 1147. The Second Crusade also saw the beginning of campaigns into The Baltic States and Northeastern Europe to conquer and convert pagans.
  • Feb 13, 1187

    Beginning of the Third Crusade

    3rd Crusade led by Richard the Lionheart of England, Philip II of France, and Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I. Richard I made a truce with Saladin
  • Feb 13, 1192

    End of the Third Crusade

    3rd Crusade led by Richard the Lionheart of England, Philip II of France, and Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I. Richard I made a truce with Saladin. Although Christian forces won several victories, the Third Crusade failed to capture Jerusalem. The city remained in Muslim hands, however, Saladin struck and agreement with Richard I allowing Christians to make pilgrimages to Jerusalem. The Third Crusade ended in 1192.
  • Feb 13, 1202

    Beginning of the Fourth Crusade

    4th Crusade led by Fulk of Neuil French/Flemish advanced on Constantinople
  • Feb 13, 1204

    End of the Fourth Crusade

    Called by Pope Innocent III in 1202 to re-capture Jerusalem from the Muslims via an assault on Egypt, the Fourth Crusade instead turned into an attack on Constantinople, the seat of the Byzantine Empire, and a Christian kingdom. The defenses of Constantinople overcome in 1204, the Crusader army mercilessly sacked the city for three days. The destruction of Constantinople and slaughter of its citizens is considered one of the greatest atrocities of the Medieval period. The Fourth Crusade never
  • Feb 13, 1212

    The Childrens Crusade

    The Children's Crusade led by a French peasant boy, Stephen of Cloyes
  • Feb 13, 1217

    Beginning of the Fifth Crusade

    The 5th Crusade led by King Andrew II of Hungary, Duke Leopold VI of Austria, John of Brienne
  • Feb 13, 1221

    End of the Fifth Crusade

    This Crusade also did not meet its stated goal. The Crusader army got bogged down in a long siege of Damietta in Egypt. Damietta was eventually captured, but no further campaign was undertaken afterward.
  • Feb 13, 1228

    Sixth Crusade

    The 6th Crusade led by Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II
  • Feb 13, 1229

    End of the Sixth Crusade

    Ironically, Frederick also succeeded despite being excommunicated by Honorius II due to a political conflict between the two men. Frederick's success was based on taking advantage of conflicts between local Muslim rulers. This led him to seal a truce with the Egyptian Sultan al-Kamil in 1229. This truce included handing control of Jerusalem to the Crusaders in return for their support against al-Kamil's enemies. Following the end of the truce in 1239, Jerusalem once again fell into Islamic h
  • Feb 13, 1248

    Seventh Crusade

    The 7th Crusade led by Louis IX of Franc
  • Feb 13, 1254

    End of the Seventh Crusade

    The Seventh Crusade is notable for being the first in which the Mongols played a role as a third power to be contended with in the Middle East. Both the Crusaders and Muslim sultans would attempt to ally themselves with the Mongols against one another. The result would be the rise of Mongol influence at the expense of both.
  • Feb 13, 1270

    Eigth Crusade

    The 8th Crusade led by Louis IX. Louis set out from Sicily in summer 1270, headed to Tunis in North Africa, where he hoped to establish a base for operations against Egypt. Landing in Tunis in the heat of the summer, Louis and his men quickly began suffering from lack of drinking water and from disease. Louis himself succumbed to dysentery in October 1270, resulting in the end of the crusade.
  • Feb 13, 1271

    Ninth Crusade

    The 9th Crusade led by Prince Edward (later Edward I of England)
  • Feb 13, 1272

    End of the Ninth Crusade

    Edward arrived in time to see successive Christian defeats at the hands of the Turks in Antioch and Tripoli. Facing insurmountable odds, Edward returned home to England in 1271. Acre fell to Islam twenty years later in 1291, removing the final Crusader stronghold in the region.