unit 3 600-1450

  • 110

    Drum carriage

  • 120

    Astronomical clock drive

    An astronomical clock is a clock with special mechanisms and dials to display astronomical information, such as the relative positions of the sun, moon, zodiacal constellations, and sometimes major planets.
  • 180

    Air-conditioning fan

    The oldest traces to the concept of air conditioning emerged out of 2nd century China of the Hans Dynasty.
  • 190


    The abacus also called a counting frame, is a calculating tool that was in use in Europe, China and Russia,
  • 320

    Arcuballista, multiple-bolt

  • 395

    final division of Roman Empire into western and eastern halves

    Western Roman Empire consists of the western provinces of the Roman Empire at any one time during which they were administered by a separate independent Imperial court, coequal with that administering the eastern half.
  • 400

    Jewish holy writings organized into the Torah

    Torah= made the first 5 books of the bible
  • 476

    end of western roman empire

    eastern half remained intact
  • Period: 500 to Dec 31, 1500

    growth of indian ocean trade

    2 major transformations occured that led to major growth of Indian ocean. 1.Economic and political reveal of China. 2.rise of Islamic in the 7th century.
  • 539

    Chaldeans conquered by the Persians

    Chaldean empire started to weaken due to poor harvest and slow trade
  • Period: 570 to Dec 31, 632


    born in mecca,from a Quraysh family
  • 580


    Acupuncture is a form of pseudoscience and alternative medicine involving thin needles being inserted into the body.[
  • 586

    chaldeans (from Mesopotamia) Gained control of Judah

    After the fall of Assyrian power in Mesopotamia, the last great group of Semitic peoples dominated the area.
  • Period: 589 to Dec 31, 618

    china regained its unity under the sui dynasty

    the Sui Dynasty lasted for only 38 years and had only three emperors
  • Period: Jan 1, 600 to Dec 31, 1450

    post classical era

  • Jan 1, 610

    Muhammads revelations began

    after it began it continued for the next 22 years
  • Jan 1, 610

    start of islam

    muhammad receives his revelation from Allah.
  • Period: Jan 1, 618 to Dec 31, 907

    sui dynasty was followed by the tang dynasty

    It is generally regarded as a high point in Chinese civilization, and a golden age of cosmopolitan culture.
  • Jan 1, 632

    time of Muhammads death

    most of Arabia had come under islamic control
  • Jan 1, 722

    Assyrians (from Mesopotamia) Conquered Israel

    Assyria was a major Mesopotamian East Semitic-speaking kingdom and empire of the ancient Near East
  • Period: Jan 1, 768 to Dec 31, 814

    Charle Magne

    ruled the Carolingian empire
  • Jan 1, 800

    Charle Magne was crowned the "new Roman Emoeror" by the pope.

    Christmas day..
  • Period: Jan 1, 936 to Dec 31, 973

    Otto 1 of Saxony created the holy roman empire

    tried to regain unity in Western Europe , received tittle of emperor from the pope. unsuccessful
  • Jan 1, 1000

    Free reed

  • Jan 1, 1054

    Further separation came between the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church

    The history of the Orthodox Church is traced back to Jesus Christ and the Apostles.
  • Jan 1, 1085

    Byzantium began to face invasions

    from: catholic crusades from western Europe, Turkic Muslim invaders
  • Jan 1, 1095

    The Byzantine empire asked Christian Europe for military assistance

    Byzantine empire asked for assistance because a wave of attacks by Seljuk Turks (Muslims)
  • Period: Jan 1, 1095 to Dec 31, 1291

    the crusades

    wars between christian European forces and Muslim forces for control of the holy land
  • Period: Jan 1, 1095 to Dec 31, 1291

    wars fought between Muslims and the Christians

    term crusades best fits the wars that were fought
  • Jan 1, 1096

    A massive Christian army heads off to the Holy land by the way of Constantinople

    The intention of the crusaders was then to continue to the Holy Land with promised Byzantine financial and military assistance.
  • Jan 1, 1099

    the Crusades reached Jerusalem

    crusades placed it under siege
  • Jul 15, 1099

    Christians take Jerusalem in 1st Crusade

    The climax of the First Crusade, the successful siege saw the Crusaders seize Jerusalem from the Fatimid Caliphate and laid the foundations for the Kingdom of Jerusalem.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1146 to Dec 31, 1149

    The second Crusade

    The Second Crusade was announced by Pope Eugene III, and was the first of the crusades to be led by European kings,
  • Period: Jan 1, 1189 to Dec 31, 1192

    The Third Crusade

    The Third Crusade is also known as The Kings' Crusade, was an attempt by European leaders to reconquer the Holy Land from Saladin..
  • Jan 1, 1200

    economic revolution of China

    jumped to 12 million people by that time 1200.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1202 to Dec 31, 1204

    Fourth Crusade

    this crusade targeted the Christian city
  • Jan 1, 1206

    mongol tribal assembly recognized Temujinas as Genghis Khan

    The Mongols were a pastoral nomadic people; From central Asia;
  • Jan 1, 1209

    beginning of Mongol conquest

    Genghis Khan forged the initial Mongol Empire in Central Asia, starting with the unification of the Mongol and Turkic confederations such as Merkits, Tartars, and Mongols.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1209 to Dec 31, 1279

    China and the Mongols most difficult and lengthy conquest for the Mongols

    Took 70 years to violentlyconquer Northern China
  • Jan 1, 1260

    Defeat by Egyptian forces in Palestine

    The War of Independence
  • Jan 1, 1291

    last outpost for the at Acre fell

    resulted in the loss of the Crusader-controlled city of Acre to the Muslims.
  • Jan 1, 1350

    the Minoans collapsed

    2 theories why
    - large tidal wave destroyed cities
    - mycenaeans (from mainland) attacked and invaded crete
  • Jan 1, 1453

    Byzantium officially fell when Ottoman Turks conquered Constantinople

    The Fall of Constantinople was the capture of the capital of the Byzantine Empire by an invading army of the Ottoman Empire on 29 May 1453.