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The liberal century of chaos

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    Floridablanca prime minister

  • Charles III dies

    Charles III dies
    Last will says that Charles IV has prime minister Manuel de Godoy to continue reforms
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    Charles IV

    Absolute Monarchy
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    Creation of Liberal State

  • Treaty of Barsay

    Peace treaty. To stop the war between Framce and Spain
  • 1st Treaty of Ildefonso

  • 2nd Treaty of Ildefonso

  • Treaty of Fontainebleau

    A treaty signed by Napoleon and Godoy to allow the French troops to enter Spain to conquer Portugal for them not to provide more supplies to the United Kingdom. To convince Godoy, Napoleon told him that if he succeeded in conquering this country Godoy could keep 1/3 of Portugal's territory.
  • Mutinity of Aranjuez

    Godoy and the royals tried to escape to the American colonies due to the invasion of the French troops but were stopped in Aranjuez.
  • Abdications of Bayona

    Charles IV realizes his son orchestrated the mutiny to get the power, so he asked to Napoleon, who tells him to go to Bayona in France. Napoleon also tells Ferdinand VII to come to Bayona. Charles IV abdicates on his son, and his son abdicates on his father, this means there is NO KING. The two of them are out of Spain, and Napoleon is the only one who has the documents.
  • Estatuto de Bayona

    A constitution created by Napoleon to make his brother, Josep I Bonaparte, the new king of Spain. Spain was a puppet state
  • Shooting in Burgos and Leon revolt

  • War between Madrid and France

  • Battle of Bailén

  • Battle in Espinosa

    Obligated Napoleon to go to Burgos
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    Joseph I Bonaparte reigns Spain
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    a lot of documents, constituions and changes… during this time it has 10 constitution texts. But we will have the same one for a long time afterwards. This time is considered the creation of a Liberal State because they are learning what kind of monachy, etc they want in Spain by changing government frequently, created constitutions, and having political instability for a long time)
  • Spanish war of Independence

  • Battle of Talavera, battle in Ocaño

    Napoleon retreats first to Sevilla and then to Cadiz
  • Creation of Central Supreme Junta

  • Battle of Arapiles

  • Approval of "La Pepa", Juntas in cadiz

    Spain 1st constitution, declare national sovereignty, power division, representation in cortes and habeas corpus
  • Battle of Borodino

    French army occupied almost all Spain. After losing the majority of its territories in Spain, Napoleon went back with 250.000 soldiers and recovered the majority of them.
  • Desamortización

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  • Peninsular war

    England, Portugal and Spain with guerrilla defeat Napoleon
  • Treaty of Valançai

    It is a peace treaty signed in December 1813 between France and Spain, where Napoleon recognized Ferdinand VII as the new king of Spain.
  • Restoration of Ferdinand VII

    To power as an absolute monarch (1814-1833)
  • Napoleon eliminares Cortes de Cadiz, Constitution and all constitutional laws

    he becomes and absolute emperor
  • royal decree and coup d’etat general elio

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    The 6 years of Absolutism

    sereno absolutista
  • argentina independence

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    The liberal Triennium

    Importance of General Rafael de Riego, La Pepa is implemented. First wave of revolution in Europe, first successful was in Spain, 3 years of liberalism, "liberal triennium". General Rafael de Riego started a revolution against Ferdinand VII to restore the constitution, all the laws by Cortes de Cadiz. During these 3 years, Ferdinand was a constitutional monarch.
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    Colonel Rafael de Riego

    Military uprising by colonel de Riego to restore the constitution of 1812 and restore the laws of the Cortes de Cadiz.
  • Army sent to Spain

    International army sent to Spain took off the constitutional monarchy
  • Holly Alliance

    Holly Alliance and France detain the revolution in Spain and organize and army with 100.000 mens of St. Louis to support the Constitution and restore Ferdinand VII.
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    The Ominous decade

    Ferdinand VII was an absolute king. A repression of liberals period, and absolute king to avoid other revolution. Goya was exiled because he was liberal, and he was not going to agree with absolutism
  • Colonies were lost

    Lots of Spain's colonies in America are lost: Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines
  • Ferdinand VII is married for the 3rd time, with Mª Christine

  • Abolition of the Salic law

    Law which said that only men could be the next king, Ferdinand VII didn't have sons, he had a daughter. He eliminated the law so that his daughter could become the next queen, Isabel II.
    Ferdinand's brother, Charles, didn't accept the abolition of that law, but the king made a pact with the liberal to find the support so that Isabella II could become queen.
  • Isabella II was born

    first and only daughter of Ferdinand was born
  • Ferdinand VII died

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    Rule of Isabel II

    all a constitutional monarchy
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    Carlists wars

    Succession war between who supporte Charles (carlistas) and Isabella II was supported by the liberals. The bourgeoisie and the people of the city were called Isabelinos, they had the support of General Espartero. The army supported both sides, but Espartero was a very progressive liberal and supported Isabella II
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    Regency years

    Ruled for Isabel II
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    Mª Christine regency

    Mother of Isabel II
  • Estatuto real

    First document written to create a new form of constitutional monarchy to support Isabel II. A try conservatism constitution
  • Constitution

  • Desamortizacion

  • Convención de Vergara

    Espartero defeats Carlists in charlista wars, Mª Christine tries to become more conservatist, but liberals don't like it so they force to resign as a queen and choose General Espartero
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    General Espartero

    rules for Isabel II
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    Effective rule of Isabel II

    She was considered an adult at 13. Constitutional monarchy, she swears she will follow the constitution of 1837, made by liberals after 1834 one became conservative. The govern had always liberals, which split into moderate and progressistas.
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    Moderate liberal party

  • Creation of a new Constitution

    Moderate Constitution, queen has more power, reduced number of liberals
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    2nd carlist war

    Liberals are always in the government, always a constitutional monarchy
  • Progresistas took the power

    Progresistas liberals took the power, led by General O'Donnell
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    Revolt of progresistas

    During two years we had progresists in the government, more radical policies, a new Constitution 1854 but was mever approved and never implemented
  • Liberal Union

    Isabel II hamded over power to O'Donnell, the Liberal Union is his party.
  • Constitution drafted

    New Constitution more progresista , more radical and never been aproved
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    General Narvaez President

    Liberal and moderate, he is a liberal progresista
  • Elections and new political party

    Union liberal won the elections, with General O'Donnell was progresistabut more liberak and radical. He never wrote a new constitution, he used the Former Constitution.
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    Economy gets worse

    Less liberties...
  • General Narvaez dies

    The queen appoints another one but the liberals don't like ir so she lost the support of the people.
  • Power is between 2 forces

    Progresistas and Union Liberal
    2) the moderates and conservatives
    Tehre was also a number of ilegal parties "Democrats" and "Republicans" (they don't want monarchy, no king and carlists)
    1868 Pacto de Ostense, (organize and institution the UNIVERSAL SUFFRAGE)made by: progresistas + union liberal + democratas (ilegal) + republicans (ilegal), they want to eliminate the Borbon monarchy and add universal suffrage.
  • Glorious Revolution

    military revolt;all these poltitical forces, (in the cities) The revolutionaries make a "new constitution" to create a new system with constitutional monarchy (moderate) (freedom of speech, right to create associations, universal suffrage, separation of powers), all the MEN are going to be able to vote.
  • End of Isabel ii's reign

    start a revolution, with no blood. End of the reign of isabel ii, because she sees that she lost the support of the poeple so she escapes to italy and abdicates. They need a new king. In Italy they have constitutional monarchy, so they ask Amadeo de Saboya ( italian), to become the new king os Spain.
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    Six years of democracy


    new constitution established a parliamentary monarchy, (+individual rights, universal male suffrage and the separation of State and Church)
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    Amadeo de Saboya I of Italy constitutional monarchy

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    III Carlists Wars

  • Clear of republic

    they clear the republic, they create a new constitution (very liberal), not ever been aproved, and they restore the burbon monarchy
  • desamortizacion

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    Republic of Spain

    Republic of Spain is declared,but they need a constitution for republic, not monarchy.
  • 10th constitution

    10th constitution aproved by Alfonso XII and is going to stay until the second republic of spain in 1931 with Civil War.

  • Restore bourbons

    military uprising to restore bourbons led by General Martinez Campos, so Alfonso XII reigns (Isabel ii’s son). The republic has lasted only 1 year.
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    Reign of Alfonso XII

    Reign of Alfonso XII (hijo de Isabel II) its a coservative constitutional Monarchy that faces Major problems. This is the longest period of stability.
  • Amadeo resigns due to chaos

    he abdicates because he doesnt want to be the king of this chaos. (Chaos= carlist wars, independence wars, republican fights…)
  • New moderate Constitution

  • Pacto de Zanjón

    Pacto de Zanjón (a peace treaty after the Cuba Ten years war.
  • alfonso xii dies

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    Maria Christina is regent queen of Alfonso XIII

  • nationalist movement cuba

  • USA declares war on spain

    cuba independence, spain looses colonies
  • alfonso xiii crowned