• 1915 BCE

    Treaty of Utrecht

    Treaty of Utrecht
    The Treaty of Utrecht, is a set of agreements signed by the States antagonists in the war of the Spanish succession between the years 1713 and 1715 in the Dutch city of Utrecht and the German of Rastatt. The treaties put an end to the war, although later a his signature continued hostilities in Spanish territory until July 1715, time in which the Marquis of Asfeld took the city of Mallorca. In this Treaty, Europe changed its political map.
  • Period: 1895 BCE to 1898 BCE

    Cuban War

    Cuban War was the last of three liberation wars that Cuba fought against Spain. The final three months of the conflict escalated to become the Spanish–American War, with United States forces being deployed in Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippine Islands against Spain.
  • 1868 BCE

    Spanish Glorious Revolution

    Spanish Glorious Revolution
    The Glorious Revolution, resulting in the deposition of Queen Isabella II. Leaders of the revolution eventually recruited an Italian prince, Amadeo of Savoy, as king. His reign lasted two years, and he was replaced by the first Spanish Republic. That also lasted two years, until leaders in 1875 proclaimed Isabella's son, as King Alfonso XII in the Bourbon Restoration.
  • Period: 1833 BCE to 1876 BCE

    Three Carlists Wars

    The Carlist Wars were a series of civil wars that took place in Spain during the 19th century. The contenders fought to establish their claim to the throne, although some political differences also existed. Indeed, several times during the period from 1833 to 1876
  • 1823 BCE

    Cien mil Hijos de San Luis

    Cien mil Hijos de San Luis
    The Hundred Thousand Sons of Saint Louis was the popular name for a French army mobilized in 1823 by the Bourbon King of France, Louis XVIII to help the Spanish Royalists restore King Ferdinand VII of Spain to the absolute power of which he had been deprived during the Liberal Triennium.
  • 1820 BCE

    Riego's Pronunciamiento

    Riego's Pronunciamiento
    the riego´s pronunciamiento or liberal Triennium is a period of 3 years in the modern history of Spain between 1820 and 1823, when a liberal government ruled Spain after a military uprising in January 1820 by the lieutenant-colonel Rafael de Riego against the absolutist rule of King Ferdinand VII .
  • 1808 BCE

    Abdications of Bayonne

    Abdications of Bayonne
    The Abdications of Bayonne is the name given to a series of forced abdications of the Kings of Spain that led to what the Spanish-speaking world calls the Spanish War of Independence, which overlaps with the Peninsular War
  • Period: 1807 BCE to 1814 BCE

    Peninsular War

    Peninsular War was a military conflict between Napoleon's empire and the allied powers of Spain, Britain and Portugal for control of the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic Wars. The war started when French and Spanish armies invaded and occupied Portugal, and escalated in when France turned on Spain, its ally until then. The war on the peninsula lasted until the Sixth Coalition defeated Napoleon.
  • 1767 BCE

    Jesuists are expelled from Spain

    Jesuists are expelled from Spain
    The expulsion of the Jesuits more importantly was the one that took place in the middle of the 18th century in the catholic monarchies Europeans identified as illustrated despotisms and that culminated with the suppression of Jesus' Company for the Pope Clemente XIV in 1773. Before and after these dates the Jesuits also were expelled from other conditions, in some more of once, since it is the case of Spain
  • 1766 BCE

    Esquilache Riots

    Esquilache Riots
    The Esquilache Riots occurred in March 1766 during the rule of Charles III of Spain. Caused mostly by the growing discontent in Madrid about the rising costs of bread and other staples, they were sparked off by a series of measures regarding Spaniards' apparel that had been enacted by Leopoldo de Gregorio, Marqués de Esquilache.
  • 1750 BCE

    Canal de Castilla

    Canal de Castilla
    The canal was planned by the Marques de la Ensenada during Fernando VI's reign (18century). Its purpose was to boost trade of trigue wheat grain production to be transported from Castile to the northern harbour of Santander and to other markets from there; vice versa, the canal was also meant to facilitate the inflow of products from the Spanish colonies into Castile.
  • 1733 BCE

    The Family Compacts

    The Family Compacts
    Family Compact, several alliances between France and Spain in the form of agreements between the French and Spanish branches of the Bourbon family. The first of the three compacts, the Treaty of the Escorial in 1733, was extended by the second agreement in 1743 and The third, the most important, was in 1761. Both England and France sought Spanish support in the Seven Years War, but England's attack on Spanish colonies and shipping alienated Charles III of Spain.
  • 1707 BCE

    New Foundation Decrees

    New Foundation Decrees
    The New fundation decrees are a set of decrees between 1707 and 1716, by King Felipe V of Borbón, winner of the war of spanish succession, which were abolished the laws and institutions of the Kingdom of Valencia, Aragon, Majorca and the Principality of Catalonia, all of whom were members of the Crown of Aragon who had opted for the Archduke Charles.
  • Period: 1702 BCE to 1715 BCE

    War of Spanish Succession

    War of Spanish Succession was a major European conflict of the early 18th century, triggered by the death in 1700 of the last Habsburg King of Spain, the infirm and childless Charles II. Charles II had ruled over a large active empire which spanned the globe, and the question of who would succeed him had long troubled ministers in capitals throughout Europe.
  • 466

    Salic Law

    Salic Law
    Salic Law of Succession, the rule by which, in certain sovereign dynasties, persons descended from a previous sovereign only through a woman were excluded from succession to the throne. Gradually formulated in France, the rule takes its name from the code of the Salian Franks, the Lex Salica (Salic Law).
  • Period: Jan 4, 1334 to Mar 1, 1383

    Amadeus of Savoy

    Amadeus of Savoy was Count of Savoy from 1343 to 1383. He was the eldest son of Aymon, Count of Savoy and Yolande Palaeologo of Montferrat. Though he started under a regency, he showed himself to be a forceful leader, continuing Savoy's emergence as a power in Europe politically and militarily. He participated in a crusade against the Turks who were moving into Europe.
  • Period: Apr 22, 1451 to Nov 26, 1504

    Isabella I

    Isabella I was Queen of Castile. She was married to Ferdinand II of Aragon. Their marriage became the basis for the political unification of Spain under their grandson, Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. After a struggle to claim her right to the throne, she reorganized the governmental system, brought the crime rate to the lowest it had been in years, and unburdened the kingdom of the enormous debt her brother had left behind.
  • Period: to

    Charles II

    Charles II was the last Habsburg ruler of Spain. His realm included Southern Netherlands and Spain's overseas empire, stretching from the Americas to the Spanish East Indies.
  • Period: to

    Charles III

    Charles III was the King of Spain and the Spanish Indies from 1759 to 1788. While he was the fifth son of Philip V of Spain, he was the eldest son of Philip's second wife, Elisabeth Farnese. The 15-year-old Charles became the Duke of Parma and Piacenza.In 1734, as Duke of Parma, he conquered the kingdoms of Naples and of Sicily, and was crowned king on July 1735, reigning as Charles VII of Naples and Charles V of Sicily
  • Period: to


    José Moñino y Redondo was a Spanish statesman. He was the reformist chief minister of King Charles III of Spain, and also served briefly under Charles IV. He was arguably Spain's most effective statesman in the eighteenth century. In Spain, he is simply known as Conde de Floridablanca.
  • Period: to


    Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos was a Spanish neoclassical statesman, author, philosopher and a major figure of the Age of Enlightenment in Spain.Jovellanos's prose works, especially those on political and legislative economy, constitute his real claim to literary fame. In them, depth of thought and clear-sighted sagacity are couched in a certain Ciceronian elegance and classical purity of style. Besides the Ley agraria, he wrote Elogios, and a most interesting set of diaries or travel journals.
  • Period: to

    Joseph I

    was a French diplomat and nobleman, the elder brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, who made him King of Naples and Sicily, and later King of Spain. After the fall of Napoleon, Joseph styled himself Comte de Survilliers.
  • Period: to

    Ferdinand VII

    Ferdinand VII was twice King of Spain: in 1808 and again from 1813 to his death. He was known to his supporters as the Desired After being overthrown by Napoleon in 1808 he linked his monarchy to counter-revolution and reactionary policies that produced a deep rift in Spain between his forces on the right and liberals on the left. He reestablished the absolutist monarchy and rejected the liberal constitution of 1812.
  • Period: to

    Charles IV

    Charles IV was the second son of Charles III and his wife, Maria Amalia of Saxony,His elder brother was Don Felipe. Charles was referred to as the Prince of Taranto, due to his preference for sport and hunting, rather than dealing with affairs of the state.
  • Execution of Louis XVI

    Execution of Louis XVI
    Louis XVI, king of France, arrived in the wrong historical place at the wrong time and soon found himself overwhelmed by events beyond his control. Ascending the throne in 1774, Louis inherited a realm driven nearly bankrupt through the opulence of his predecessors Louis XIV and XV. After donning the crown, things only got worse. The economy spiraled downward, crops failed, the price of bread and other food soared.
  • Period: to

    War of the Pyrenees

    War of the Pyrenees was the Pyrenean front of the First Coalition's war against the First French Republic. It pitted Revolutionary France against the kingdoms of Spain and Portugal from March 1793 to July 1795 during the French Revolutionary Wars, at final The Peace of Basel ended the War of the Pyrenees on 22 July 1795 with Moncey close on the gates of Pamplona,
  • Treaty of San Ildefonso

    Treaty of San Ildefonso
    San Ildefonso's agreement of 1800 was a secret agreement signed between Spain and France in the course of the Napoleonic Wars, in which Spain returned the colonial territory of Louisiana to France.
  • Napoleon is crown as emperor

    Napoleon is crown as emperor
    The coronation of Napoleon as Emperor of the French took place at Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris. It marked "the instantiation of modern empire.
    Napoleon wanted to establish legitimacy of his Imperial reign, with its new royal family and new nobility. Therefore, he designed a new coronation ceremony that was unlike the ceremony used for the kings of France.
  • Battle of Trafalgar

    Battle of Trafalgar
    The Battle of Trafalgar was a naval engagement fought by the British Royal Navy against the combined fleets of the French and Spanish Navies, during the War of the Third Coalition of the Napoleonic Wars
  • Treaty of Fontainebleau

    Treaty of Fontainebleau
    The Treaty of Fontainebleau was signed in Fontainebleau between Charles IV of Spain and Napoleon I of France by France and Spain regarding the occupation of Portugal.
  • First Spanish Constitution

    First Spanish Constitution
    The Spanish Constitution of 1812 was established by the Cádiz Cortes, Spain's first national sovereign assembly
  • Period: to

    First Republic

    First Republic was the short-lived political regime that existed in Spain between the parliamentary proclamation when General Arsenio Martínez-Campos's pronunciamento marked the beginning of the Bourbon Restoration in Spain.