Module 5: EA5: The Crusades

Timeline created by LucasG011
  • Nov 27, 1095

    The Call For A Crusade

    The Call For A Crusade
    Pope Urban II gathered the clergy to Clermont in France. It was there he announced a crusade against the Infidels (Non-Believers).
  • Feb 9, 1096

    The First Crusade

    The First Crusade
    The First Crusade's goal was to Free the Holy Lands. Led by Count Raymond IV of Toulouse and proclaimed by many wandering preachers. The Crusaders succeeded in recapturing Nicaea, restoring much of western Anatolia.
  • Jan 1, 1147

    The Second Crusade

    The Second Crusade was started in 1147 in response to the fall of the County of Edessa the previous year to the forces of Zengi. The Crusaders were unsuccessful in there goal, upon the arrival of enemy reinforcements they gave up.
  • Feb 9, 1189

    The Third Crusade

    The Third Crusade
    After the capture of Jerusalem in 1187 by Saladin. The Third Crusade was called. In order to reconquer the Holy Land, England, France and the Roman Empire teamed up to attack. They were unsuccessful and the end result was a treaty granting Muslim control over Jerusalem but allowing unarmed Christian pilgrims and merchants to visit the city.
  • Jan 1, 1202

    The Fourth Crusade

    The Fourth Crusade
    Pope Innocent III tried to revive the plans of Pope Urban II. The Fourth expedition captured Constantinople instead of Jerusalem.
  • Jan 1, 1212

    Children's Crusade

    Children's Crusade
    The Children's Crusade was a failed popular crusade by European Christians to regain the Holy Lands. Led by Stephen of Cloyes. Many children were tricked by merchants and sailed over to what they thought were the holy lands but, in reality, were slave markets.
  • Jan 1, 1217

    Minor Crusaded- The Fifth Crusaded

    The Crusaders wanted to reclaim Jerusalem and the rest of the Holy Land by first conquering the powerful Ayyubid state in Egypt. They failed and then surrendered.
  • Jan 1, 1228

    Minor Crusade - The Sixth Crusade

    Minor Crusade - The Sixth Crusade
    The sixth crusade led by Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II succeeded in claiming Jerusalem. The campaign took place in 1228, It was the first Crusade without direct support of the Papacy.
  • Jan 1, 1248

    Minor Crusade - The Seventh Crusade

    Minor Crusade - The Seventh Crusade
    Led by the French king Louis IX. His goal was to take over Egypt and Jerusalem, which were both under the Muslim Ayyubid Dynasty control.
  • Jan 1, 1270

    Minor Crusade - The Eighth Crusade

    Minor Crusade - The Eighth Crusade
    The Crusade was launched against the city of Tunis. After arriving on shore the crusade failed. The disease-ridden army dispersing back to Europe after there leader Louis IX of France had died.
  • Jan 1, 1291

    The End of The Great Crusades

    The End of The Great Crusades
    The two-century attempt to recover the Holy Land ended in failure. After the last Catholic outposts fell in 1291, there were no more crusades to reclaim the Holy Land.
  • Aug 21, 1400

    References

    Marshall W. Baldwin, Gary Dickson, Thomas F. Madden, (2019). Crusades. Retrieved from: https://www.britannica.com/event/Crusades History.com Editors, (2010). Crusades. Retrieved from: https://www.history.com/topics/middle-ages/crusades Mark Cartwright, (2018). Crusades. Retrieved from: https://www.ancient.eu/Crusades/