Metis and Inuit Timeline

  • Jan 1, 1535

    Canada- "Kanata"

    Canada- "Kanata"
    While on an expedition going up the St. Lawrence river, Jacques Cartier was pointed out to the route to Stadacona (a village that is today the site of Quebec city) by Iroquois natives. They had used the Iroquois words for village- "Kanata." Due to the misunderstanding of the fact that this word meant village, Jacques Cartier referred to the village and the surrounding land, including the St. Lawrence, as Canada.
  • Etienne Brule lives among Huron

    Etienne Brule arrived in Canada at the age of 10 on his way to Quebec (newly claimed land of New France). He had become an interpreter for Champlain, and explored many dangerous parts of the wilderness, learning ways of the indiginous people like the Hurons.
  • French and Indian War

    The French and Indian war was between France with Indian allies, and Britain with British-American and Inian allies. This war was over land they both claimed as thiers. This was Ohio country. Both countries ignored Native American claims to the land.
  • Royal Proclamation

    After the French and Indian War, Great britain gained French territory in North America, and the Proclamation was made to organize relations between Native Americans to make them better and more stable. Americans could not own land in the Appalachian mountains, which some already had.
  • Robert Semple is killed by Metis

    Robert Semple is killed by Metis Semple, governer of territories for HBC, was leader of a party with HB men (English and Scottish) to interccept the North West Company party with mostly Metis and French-Canadians. The situation escalated and Temple's temper did as well. This then leaded and ended in a gun battle.
  • Rupert's Land bought by Canada

    At this time, the HBC sold most of Rupert's Land and the North-western Territories to Canada, authorized by the Rupert's Land Act.
  • Treaty 1

    Treaty one was an agreement between Queen Elizabeth and First Nations (specific tribes) in Southern Manitoba.
  • Treaty 6

    Treaty 6 is an agreement between the monarch and the Plain and Wood cree. This was an agreement that they represented most of, now, central Alberta and Saskatchewan.
  • Treaty 7

    Treaty 7 was an agreement between the monarch and mostly Blackfoot First Nations. This was an agreement that they represtented most of what today is southern Alberta.
  • Residential Schools

    Residential Schools main purpous of the schools was to assimilate the Native children into a more European society. Some called it "killing the Indian in the child." The schools were run by churches of many many demonstrations. The government provided the facilities and maintanence while the church provided the education and teachers. Europeans were convinced of the common thought that the Native people needed to become accustom to British ways.
  • Treaty 8

    Treaty 8 8, like the others, is an agreement between Natives from the Lesser Slave Lake area. Its was an agreement that they represented the modern northern Alberta area. Treaty 8 covers northern Alberta, northeastern BC, northwestern Saskatchewan, and some
    of southern of the Northwest Territories.
  • AB and SK become a part of Canada

    AB and SK become a part of Canada
    At this time, Alberta and Saskatchewan were made a part of Canada with the boundries that they have today. People were not pleased with tihs decision, as they thought they did not take into consideration the geography of the land (they did not like it slpit by longitude and latitude). They could not have made it one large province, though, thus splitting it the way they did.