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Literature and Ecclesiology in 17th Century England

  • Period: Nov 17, 1558 to

    Reign of Queen Elizabeth

  • Jan 14, 1559

    "Elizabethan Settlement"

    Month of January.
    Included Act of Uniformity and Act of Supremacy
    AofU - restored use of prayer book w/ a few revisions
    AofS - required an oath acknowledging Elizabeth as "supreme governor of state and church"
  • Period: Jan 22, 1561 to

    Life of Sir Francis Bacon

  • Period: Apr 26, 1564 to

    LIfe of Shakespeare

  • Jan 1, 1570

    Papal Bull "Regnans in excelsis"

    Gave recusants in England a choice between excommunication and death.
    By 1580, >100 priests at work in England.
    1581 - in England, anyone who joins Church of Rome is a traitor
  • Jan 1, 1571

    "Prophesyings" in Northampton begin

    Additional services to the services w/ Book of Common Prayer Beginning of "Godly Protestant"/Puritan Movement. Most wanted to purify, not separate. No outward disobedience at this point.
  • Jan 1, 1571

    39 Articles Solidified

    First introduced 1553, revised 1563, finalized 1571.
  • Period: Jan 24, 1572 to

    Life of John Donne

    Date of Birth uncertain. Could be later, up to 19 Jun 1572
  • Period: Jan 1, 1580 to

    Life of John Webster

    He could have died as late as 1634 -- dates are unclear
  • Mary, Queen of Scots, Executed

    Was involved in a plot to overthrow Elizabeth. (Her cousin)
  • Defeat of the Spanish Armada

    September in General, was when the fleet mis-calculated and ended up in storms off the coast of Ireland. Many ships wrecked and they finally returned home, with only a few survivors.
  • Act Against Seditious Sectaries

    Mostly against Anabaptists, but also penalties for not going to church or for going to "conventicles"
  • Period: to

    Life of George Herbert

  • Donne Secretly Married Anne More

    He also became a member of Parliament in this year. Anne More was his boss's niece (he was private secretary to Sir Edgerton)
  • Period: to

    Reign of James I

  • Millinery Petition/Hampton Court Conference

    Submitted by people hope James I would have Puritan Sympathies
  • 141 Canons decided on

    W/ hope of providing a basis for disciplinary action against bishops
  • Bacon's The Advancement of Learning published

  • Period: to

    Life of Thomas Browne

    Died sometime 1682
  • Gunpowder Plot

    Roman Catholic plan to blow up Parliament and the King
  • Shakespeare's King Lear Performed?

    Written between 1603 and 1606.
    Published in Quarto form 1608 and in the Folio 1623
  • KJV Finished

    Comissioned at Hampton Court Conference
  • Webster's Duchess of Malfi published written?

    or 1614. Dates unclear.
  • Donne converts to Anglicanism and is appointed Royal Chaplain

  • John Donne's Wife Dies

    After giving birth to their 12th child
  • Declaration of Sports

    Concerned what activities were appropriate for Sundays. Puritans didn't like it
  • George Herbert Appointed University Orator (Cambridge)

    Received BA in 1613, MA in 1616
  • Donne becomes Dean of St. Paul's Cathedral

  • Webster's Duch of Malfi published

    First Quarto edition published
  • Donne's Illness, when he wrote Devotions upon Emergent Occassions

    Illness from late November to early December
    Wrote Devotions during his convalescnce
  • George Herbert Ordained Deacon of CofE

    After Parliament of 1624
  • Devotions upon Emergent Occassons Published

  • Period: to

    Reign of Charles I

  • Charles I dissolves Parliament

    Attempts to govern by Royal Prerogative, having inherited an intensified view of the divine right of kings
  • George Herbert marries Jane Danvers

  • Period: to

    George Herbert Rector of Bemerton

    Ordained Sept. 19, 1630
  • George Herbert's The Temple Published

  • William Laud, Bishop of London, become Archbishop of Canterbury

    Reforms towards high church, but unbending and unable to communicate well
    HIgh church, but pro-establishment, not Romanizer. Arminian.
    Tried to clean up church, establish uniformity in worship.
    Passion for reform, but not for Puritan version
    Strict and unbending. Harsh, but with clear vision for church
  • Donne's Poems published Posthumously

    Second edition, 1635
  • Prayer Book for Scotland published

    Not well received among the Presbyterian Scots
  • Scots form first version of Covenant, War breaks out between Scotland and England

  • Charles briefly recalls Parliament (because of the war)

    Convocation called. Passes more canons, pushes Laudian ideas.
    "Short Parliament" - dismisses them quickly
  • Charles I calls Parliament again - beginning of "Long Parliament"

    Impeached Strafford. Recieved "Root and Branch Petition," Dec. 11, 1640 -- wanting the dissolution of the Episcopacy
  • Root and Branch Petition

    Wanted the abolishment of the Episcopacy, getting rid of Roman Catholic sounding rituals, getting rid of corruption and of war
  • Grand Remonstrance

    Country moving towards Civil War.
    Grand Remonstrance -- list of grievances against King and his party
    Tried to arrest (failed) 5 members of House of Commons
  • King leaves London for Yorkshire

  • King sets up standard in Nottingham

    "Official" beginning of civil war
  • Period: to

    English Civl War 1

  • Westminster Assembly

  • Browne's Religio Medici

    Written 1635,
    Pirated 1642 without his permission.
    1643 is the "authorized" version
  • Solemn League and Covenant becomes law

    Discussed at Westminster Assembly 1642.
    Based on old Scottish Covenant form 39.
    (Temporary) End of the CofE.
    out of 10,000 clergy, 2-3000 lost livings. Others became Presbyterian ministers or were Puritan leaning anyway.
    Fall of Episcopacy - fall of Prayer Book. Replaced by Directory of Public Worship.
  • Rise of New Model Army

    Decline in Parliament's strength at the same time.
  • Cromwell wins first decisive victory at Morston Moor

    Cromwell an "independent" -- found Presbyterian ministers just as tyrranous.
  • Civil War I ends wtih Victory of Naseby and Fall of Oxford

  • Period: to

    Negotiations between Charles I, Presbyterians, and New Model Army

    Ends when Charles agrees to trial of Presbyterians and then runs, which started the war over again.
  • Civil War II

    This time, Charles II supported by Parliament, but Cromwell and NME too strong
  • Charles I beheaded

    Far-reaching political, sociological, psychological implications for British people.
    Method/attitude at death was very Christian.
    Horror at Regicide
  • Period: to

    Commonwealth of England

  • Milton publishes Eikonoklastes in Response to Charles I's death

  • Everyone must attend worship, but no method of enforcement

  • George Herbert's A Country Parson Published

  • Instrument of Government

    Major General John Lambert drafts it.
    One of the first (if not the first) English-speaking constitutions
    Intended to give some measure of toleration
  • Cromwell Dies

  • Browne's Hydriotaphia/Urn-Burial and The Garden of Cyrus published

  • Cromwell's Son Resigns

  • Charles II issues Declaration of Breda

    Presented Conditions under which Charles II would accept crown
  • Charles II arrives in London

  • Period: to

    Reign of Charles II

  • Conference at Savoy Hospital

    Puritans got bogged down in details, so lost ground
  • Corporation Act 1661

    First part of Clarendon Code
    Required people to renounce Solemn League and Covenant
  • Period: to

    Clarendon Code imposed

  • St. Bartholomew's Day Act of Uniformity

    Second part of Clarendon Code
    Established slightly revised Book of Common Prayer Around 1000 Presbyterian ministers lost their livings, plus around 700 that had been kicked out before, but many ministers were simply ordained and continued on.
  • Royal Society Founded

  • Execution commemorated in Prayer Book until 1859

    Special services held each year.
    Charles I becomes as close as possible to a martyer in CofE
  • Conventicle Act 1664

    3rd part of Clarendon Code Made it illegal for people over 16 to attend religious gatherings outside of CofE
  • Great Plague of London

    Lasted into 1666.
    Last major epidemic of bubonic plague in England
    Killed 100,000 people -- 15% of London.
  • Five Mile Act

    4th part of Clarendon Code Non-conformist ministers couldn't live or visit within 5 miles of where they used to preach
  • Fire of London - 3 days

  • 2nd Conventicle Act

  • Test Act

    Civil and military officers were required to receive communion through the CofE, renounce transubstantiation, and take oaths of supremacy and allegiance
  • Popish Plot

  • Secret Treaty of Dover leaked

    Re-surgence of Anti-Catholicism and distrust of Charles II
  • Period: to

    Reign of James II

    Charles II's younger brother
  • James II tries to pass Declarations of Indulgence

    Wants Tolerations for both Dissenters (Puritans) and Catholics
  • Period: to

    Reign of William and Mary

  • Bill of Rights

    Read to William and Mary in Parliament.
    Confirmed by Parliament in December.
  • The Toleration Act

    Freedom of worship to Nonconformists who had pledged to the oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy and rejected transubstantiation
  • Ministers who refuse to swear to William and Mary suspended and later deprived

  • Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understanding