Velvet revolution

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  • Jun 15, 1215

    Magna Carta

    Magna Carta
    First official document on king John to be signed
  • Jan 1, 1563

    James I and witchhunts

    James I and witchhunts
    Attended his first North Berwick witch trial. He soon became obsessed with witches and hunting them. He persecuted hundreds of thousands people (mostly women). He wrote the novel Daemonologie in 1597.
  • Jul 29, 1567

    James VI - crowned King of Scotland

    James VI - crowned King of Scotland
  • Charles born

    Charles born
  • James takes the throne

    Ruled Scotland for 20 years. Took the throne after. He was an avid writer and believed in the Divine Right of Kings. He was obsessed with witches. He treated catholics badly and they tried to blow up parliament. Overall he was not a good king.
  • James IV crowned King of England

    James IV crowned King of England
    He was once James IV of scotland. Now he is James I of england. He is the head of his own monarchy.
  • Discovery of Gunpowder plot to blow up King and Parliament

    Gunpowder plot discovered underneath the parliament. The plan was to blow up parliament during the King's meeting.
  • New Bible James I

    New Bible James I
  • King James I visits Scotland

    King James I visits Scotland
    The only visit to scotland by James I. He did not make a good impression on the Scots
  • James Dissolved Parliament

    Parliament meeting ends.
  • James I Death

    James I Death
  • Henrietta marries Charles

    Henrietta marries Charles
    Henrietta and Charles get married. She becomes the new Queen.
  • Charles is crowned King of England

    Charles is crowned King of England
  • Duke of Buckingham Dies

    Assasinated by parliament
  • Petiton of Rights passed

    Petiton of Rights passed
    Declares the rights of people, Charles I reluctantly passed it. Major English document. It says what Charles cannot do and gives rights to the people not just him.
  • Charles crowned King of Scotland

  • Prayer book causes riot in Scotland

    Prayer book causes riot in Scotland
    Scots are angry because the new bible was forced upon them to change religion. They become angry and create a riot.
  • King Charles I summons the Short Parliament

    Charles asks for a meeting with the parliament.
  • The King dissolves the Short Parliament

    Parliament meeting ends.
  • Treaty of ripon

    end of bishops war
  • Beginning of Long Parliament

  • Stafford Executed

    Stafford Executed
    Stafford was executed by parliament for using illegal methods to gain money, like ship taxes and selling noble titles for money.
  • Court of Star Chamber Abolished

    Court of Star Chamber Abolished
    Court of star chamber what was once a place for unfair trial (charles put people there simply if he did not like them and they would get punished) was finally abolished by parliament.
  • The Grand Remonstrance

    List of grievences to Charles I. Passed by the house of commons.
  • Battle of Marston Moor

  • Execution of Laud

    Execution of Laud
  • Parliament establishes the 'New Model Army'

    Parliament establishes the 'New Model Army'
    These soldiers were extremely successful under Cromwell because they were full time soldiers that were trained and paid.
  • Battle of Naseby

  • Charles I surrenders to the Scots

    Charles I surrenders to the Scots
  • Scots give back Charles I

    they gave him back to parliament after fleeing to scotland
  • Pride's Purge

    Pride's Purge
    When the troops under General Pride removed all the MPs who were not in favor of the New Model Army.
  • Charles beheaded

    Charles I is dead.
  • Charles II is crowned king of Scotland

    Once his dad died he succeded his father.
  • Oliver cromwell dies

    Oliver cromwell dies
  • Mary Stuart marries William of Orange

    Mary Stuart marries William of Orange
  • William and Mary take throne

    Parliament chose someone not directly blood related
  • William and Mary crowned king and queen

    William and Mary crowned king and queen
    WIlliam and Mary were invited to take the throne. Mary was very protestant and William was 12 years her senior. They accepted the position if they agreed to give parliament some power and not just be a monarchy. They signed the Bill of rights.
  • Bill of rights confirmed

    Bill of rights confirmed
    Signed by William and Mary to become king/queen, agreed to call parliament and listen to their ideas etc.
  • Steam engine invented

    Steam engine invented
    Newcomen invented the engine. It was revolutionary because it used fluid and was efficient.
  • Flying shuttle invented

    Flying shuttle invented
    Kay invented it
  • Cast iron process

  • King Louis XVI born

    King Louis XVI born
  • Birth of Robespierre

    Birth of Robespierre
    Born in Arras France
  • Royal Proclamation

    The Royal Proclamation is a document that set out guidelines for European settlement of Aboriginal territories.
  • Sugar Act

    Sugar Act
    Tax was proposed on sugar. Angered many people.
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    Taxes on paper and stamps, made many people who worked with paper angry like newspaper printers and people who wrote a lot.
  • The Declaratory Act

    Stated that the parliaments power was the same in America as it was in Britain.
  • Sons of liberty

    organization created with many members
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    When British soldiers had to fire for their own defense at an angry mob of Americans. 9 people were killed, but Paul Revere made the article look like it was a massacre and the americans seemed defensless and innocent.
  • The Tea Act

    Tax was put on tea.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    When all the Americans dressed up as Native Americans and dumped all the tea into the harbor as a protest.
  • Intolerable Act

    Passed because British were mad about Boston Tea Party so they passed laws against the colonists.
  • King Louis XVI crowned

    King Louis XVI crowned
  • Quebec Act

    Englarged Quebec's boundaries and made the colonies smaller. Colonies were overcrowded and people were getting mad.
  • Period: to

    First Congress

  • Lexington and Concord

    British won this battle, it took place in Charleston.
  • Second Contenential Congress

  • Declaration of Independance

    When America proposed to England that they were their own country and not under England's rule anymore. Written by Thomas Jefferson and many others signed it.
  • Period: to

    American Revolution

  • Battles of New York

  • Battle of Trenton

    Americans crossed the river and attacked the Hessians.
  • Battle at princeton

    Americans won, making British flee from New Jersey.
  • Battle of Saratoga

    Americans won this battle forcing the surrender of Burgoyne's forces. This is where the Americans convinced the French to support them.
  • Battle of Yorktown

    Americans won this battle, they were led by General George Washington, last battle ever fought and ended in victory.
  • US constitution signed

  • Louis XVI calls Estates General Meeting

    Louis XVI calls Estates General Meeting
  • Storming of the Bastille

    Storming of the Bastille
    Bastille gets torn down brick by brick because the people are angry about the monarchy and how they are treated.
  • Women of Paris storm Versailles

    Women of Paris storm Versailles
    The women of Paris, all shapes and sizes, storm the Versailles palace because they are so angry about how the monarchy is run. They kill the guards in their path and parade with their heads on sticks.
  • Louis XVI +Family Arested for attempt to flee

    Louis XVI +Family Arested for attempt to flee
    Louis and his family tried to flee to Austria, but they were caught and arrested.
  • France and Austria to war

  • Water frame

    Water frame
    Invented by Arkwright.
  • King Louis XVI Executed

    King Louis XVI Executed
  • Louis XVI trial

    Louis XVI trial
    Louis was charged with treason.
  • Beginning of Reign of Terror

    Beginning of Reign of Terror
    Where thousands of people were executed, started by Robespierre.
  • Cotton gin

  • Robespierre executed

    Robespierre executed
    Beheaded by the guillotine. He started the Reign of Terror and was very unpopular with the people.
  • Robespierre beheaded

    Robespierre beheaded
  • Napoleon crowned Emperor

    Napoleon crowned Emperor
    Napoleon places the crown on his own head.
  • Steamboat

    Steamboat was invented, efficient way of transportation. Invented by Robert Fulton
  • Napoleon Escape from Elba

    Napoleon Escape from Elba
    Napoleon escapes from exile
  • Napoleon exiled again to St Helena

    Napoleon exiled again to St Helena
  • Napoleon dies

    Napoleon dies
    Dies in exile
  • Liverpool manchester railway is opened

  • Telegraph

    Invented by Morse, efficient way of communication.
  • Steel plow

    Steel plow
    John Deere invented the steel plow. Great way to maintain agriculture.
  • Sewing machine

    Sewing machine
    Elias Howe invents the sewing machine.
  • Telephone

    Bell invents it
  • Phonograph invented

    Phonograph invented
    invented by Edison