British History- Rodriguez, Infante, Funes By CULTURAL 700 BCE Celtic culture and tribal kingdoms start to emerge 43 BCE Emperor Claudius orders the invasion of Britain 1 CE Anno Dómini 50 Foundation of Londinium 61 The Iceni Rebellion. Roman army defeats a major revolt under Boudicca 122 Emperor Hadrian orders the construction of wall accros northern Britain. 432 Patrick begins his missionary work in Ireland 449 Angles and Saxon Arrive in South east Britain. 476 Fall of the Roman emperie 789 First recorded Viking attac happens in Dorset. 793 Viking attack the monastery of Lindsfarne, Northumbria 829 Egbert, King of the west Saxons conquers Mercia 851 Athelstan, son of the King of Wessex, defeats a Viking fleets in batle. 867 Viking army kills rival King of Nothumbria, Capturing York. 954 Erik Bloodaxe, the last Vikin King, is forced out of York. 973 Edgar is crowned King of England at Bath 1000 Feudalism 1040 Macbeth defeats Duncan I of Scotland and makes himself King 1042 Edward the confessor becomes King of England 1066 William of Normandy (William the conqueror) defeats and kill Harold II in Batle of Hastings. Dec 25, 1066 William of Normandy is crowned king of England 1086 Domesday Book is instituted to survey the English lands of William the Conqueror 1087 William the Conqueror dies at Rouen, Normandy 1095 The First Crusade 1096 Oxford University is founded 1154 Henry II, the first 'Plantagenet' king, accedes to the throne 1167 Henry II visits Ireland to assert his overlordship 1170 Henry II's soldiers murder Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury 1184 Inquisition 1189 Richard I becames King 1190 Richard I joins the Third Crusade 1209 Migrant scholars establish a university at Cambridge 1214 John loses Normandy and other French possessions after the Battle of Bouvines 1215 John and his barons sign Magna Carta 1295 Edward I summons his 'Model Parliament 1305 Scottish rebel William Wallace is executed by the English 1328 Scotland is recognized as an independent kingdom 1328 Black Death' enters Britain 1337 Hundred Years' War between England and France begins 1455 Wars of the Roses begin with first Battle of St Albans 1477 William Caxton publishes the first printed book in England 1485 Henry Tudor defeats Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth. The Tudor Dinasty begins 1492 Arrival of Christopher Colombus to America 1509 Henry VIII is crowned king 1534 Act of Supremacy makes Henry head of the English church 1538 An English language version of the bible replaced latin bibles in every church in the land 1547 England becomes Protestant under Edward VI 1558 Elizabeth I’s long reign begins 1585 First English colony in America 1586 Elizabeth's Catholic cousin Mary, Queen of Scots is in exile in England and poses a threat to Elizabeth. 1587 Queen Elizabeth I executes Mary, Queen of Scots 1588 Defeat of Spanish Armada inspires England 1603 End of the Tudor dynasty 1603 James VI of Scotland accede to the English trone. The Stuart Dinasty begins 1605 Gunpowder Plot to assassinate James I is discovered 1616 William Shakespeare dies 1620 Pilgrim Fathers' sail for America in the 'Mayflower' 1649 Charles I is executed at Whitehall, London 1649 Civil War begins as Charles I raises his standard at Nottingham 1653 Oliver Cromwell makes himself Lord Protector 1660 Restoration of the monarchy and the Angelican religion. Charles II is restored to the throne 1665 Great Plague of London begins 1666 Great Fire of London destroys two-thirds of the city 1689 'Bill of Rights' is confirmed by an act of parliament Jul 1, 1690 William III defeats James II at the Battle of the Boyne, Ireland 1701 Act of Settlement places the House of Hanover in line for the English throne 1707 Act of Union of England and Scotland is ratified 1712 Thomas Newcomen invents the steam engine 1714 The first of the Hanoverian monarchs was proclaimed as George I. 1721 Sir Robert Walpole becomes the first prime minister 1740 George Anson sails around the world 1746 Jacobites are defeated at Culloden, the last battle on British soil 1771 'Factory Age' begins with the opening of Britain's first cotton mill 1775 American War of Independence begins 1787 First fleet of convicts sails to Australia 1789 French Revolution Jan 1, 1801 Act of Union creates the United Kingdom 1804 Napoleon became emperor 1805 Royal Navy defeats a French and Spanish fleet at the Battle of Trafalgar 1813 Jane Austen published Pride and Prejuice 1818 Mary Shelly published Frankestein 1829 Robert Peel sets up the Metropolitan Police 1833 Parliament passes a bill to abolish slavery in the British empire 1837 Victoria comes to the throne after the death of William IV 1859 Charles Darwin's 'On the Origin of Species' is published 1869 Charles dikens publised Great Expectations 1883 Married women obtain the right to acquire their own property 1885 Karl Benz invents the car 1886 Artur Conan Doyle published his first book. A Study in Scarlet. Jan 22, 1901 Victoria dies and is succeeded by Edward VII 1908 Parliament approves old age pensions 1910 George V becames king. The Windsor dynasty begins 1911 House of Lords loses its power of veto over legislation 1914 Britain declares war on Germany in response to the invasion of Belgium 1914 World War I 1917 Russian Revolution 1918 Limited numbers of women are given the vote for the first time 1918 Massive flu epidemic reaches Britain 1919 Lady Astor becomes the first woman to take her seat in parliament 1921 Anglo-Irish Peace Treaty is signed, resulting in partition of the island 1927 British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is created May 7, 1928 All women over the age of 21 get the vote Sep 30, 1928 Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin 1933 Adolf Hitler's rise to power Jan 20, 1936 George V dies and is succeeded by Edward VIII Dec 10, 1936 Edward VIII abdicates in order to marry Wallace Simpson 1937 George VI is crowned king 1939 World War II 1940 Winston Churchill becomes prime minister of the coalition government 1942 Alan Turing devised a technique termed Turingery 1945 United Nations comes into existence with Britain as a founder member 1947 Cold War 1948 The National Health Service, established by the post-war Labour government, represented a fundamental change in the provision of medical services. 1949 Republic of Ireland comes into being 1952 Elizabeth II succeeds her father, George VI 1965 Death penalty is abolished 1966 Conservative Margaret Thatcher becomes Britain's first female prime minister 1966 England win the football World Cup 1967 Abortion and homosexuality are legalised Jul 20, 1969 First man on the moon 1982 Economic recession leads to high unemployment Apr 2, 1982 Malvinas War 1983 Conservative Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher is re-elected by a landslide 1989 Tim Berners-Lee invents the World Wide Web 1989 The Fall of the Wall of Berlin. 1992 Channel Tunnel opens, linking London and Paris by rail 1997 Britain hands Hong Kong back to China Aug 31, 1997 Diana, Princess of Wales, dies in a car crash in Paris 2001 Islamic terrorists crash aircraft on targets in New York and Washington 2005 A serie of terrorist attacks with bombs in the transport network caused 52 dead and 700 wounded. 2009 In London, leaders of the G-20 and Spain reach an agreement to overcome the global economic crisis. They establish supervision norms on markets and taxes on the banking sector. 2012 With the record participation of 204 countries, the XXVIII Olympiad is inaugurated in London. For the first time, all delegations have female athletes.