Spain in 18th and 19th centuries

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    Glorius Revolution

    Also called the Revolution of 1688. It was the overthrow of Jacob II by a union of Parliamentarians and the Dutch stadtholder William of Orange. The Revolution is associated with the Nine Years War, and can be seen as the last successful invasion of England. With the overthrow of Jacob began modern English parliamentary democracy: the monarch would never have absolute power again.
  • Death of Charles II

    Death of Charles II
    He ruled Spain from 17 September 1665 until he died, childless and heirless.
  • Philip V

    Philip V
    He abdicated on 14th January, 1724.
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    Reign of Philip V

    He had a mental illness and he abdicated on his son Louis I. He returned to the throne after eight months because his son died.
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    War of Succession.

    Charles II died in 1700 without an heir, and he gave the crown to the French prince Philip of Anjou (Bourbon). England, Holland, Prussia and Austria created a Grand Alliance for fighting against the Bourbons and to put the Archduke Charles of Austria (Hapsburg) on the Spanish throne. Castile supported the Bourbons, but Aragon supported the Hapsburgs. Finally, Louis XIV of France obtained favourable Peace terms in the Treaty of Utrecht (1713), and his grandson, Philip, became king of Spain.
  • Decretos de Nueva Planta

    Decretos de Nueva Planta
    They were a number of decrees signed between 1707 and 1716 by Philip V during the War of the Spanish Succession by the Treaty of Utrecht. Philip took the French model of state and centralized it, suppressing the institutions, privileges, and the fueros of almost all the areas that were part of the Crown of Aragon.
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    Decretos de Nueva Planta

    They were a number of decrees signed by Philip V—the first Bourbon king of Spain—during and shortly after the end of the War of the Spanish Succession by the Treaty of Utrecht.
    He abolished the constitutional and political priviledges (fueros) of the Crown of Aragon , because they cease to be kingdoms or states, and because they fail to have their own laws and their own courts and all other higher institutions.
    Their representatives will be invited to the Castile.
  • Reign of Louis I.

    Reign of Louis I.
    His reign lasted for 8 months because he died very soon.
  • Philip V returns to the throne.

    As his son died too soon, he ruled again the country.
  • First Family Compact

    It was called Treaty of El Escorial. France backed Spain recovering possessions over Italy, which were lost in the Treaty of Utrecht.
  • Second Family Compact

    Philip, Charles' younger brother, installed as Duke of Parma and Piacenza in 1748.
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    Francisco de Goya

    He was born in Zaragoza and he died in Bordeaux. He was one of the most important Spanish painters in the XVIII and XIX.
  • Ferdinand VI

    Ferdinand VI
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    Reign of Ferdinand VI.

  • Canal de Castilla

    Canal de Castilla
    It was started in 1753 and founded the 14th December, 1849. It is a canal which facilitates irrigation, and formed part of the economic reforms in agriculture introduced by Philip V and Charles III. It's administrative ubication is Palencia, Burgos and Valladolid.
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    Seven Years War

    This war pitted, in part, England against Spain and France with they're maritime and colonial conflict, and Prussia against France, Austria, Russia and Sweden.
  • Charles III

    Charles III
    In 1731, Charles became the Duke of Parma and Piacenza with 15 years. In 1734, as Duke of Parma, he conquered the kingdoms of Naples and of Sicily, and was crowned king on 3 July 1735.
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    Reign of Charles III(.

  • Third Family Compact

    Seven Years War (1756-1763)
  • Treaty of Paris

    It was signed by Great Britain, France, and Spain. It finished the Seven Years War. France lost its possessions on the North American continent by ceding Canada and all its territories east of the Mississippi to Great Britain, and by ceding W Louisiana to its ally, Spain, in compensation for Florida, which Spain yielded to Great Britain.
  • Esquilache Riots

    Esquilache Riots
    Leopoldo de Gregorio, Marqués de Esquilache, was an Italian
    diplomat and politic, minister of the King Charles III.
    He was the responsable for the Esquilache Riots in Madrid. The main reasons were that he substituted the long capes and broad-brimmed hat by French-style short capes and three-cornered hats and the rising costs of bread.
  • Expulsion of the Jesuists from Spain

    Expulsion of the Jesuists from Spain
    It was founded in 1540 in Rome by Ignacio de Loyola.They were a male religious order that belonged to the Roman Catholic Church, and they were expelled from Spain by King Carlos III on charges of being the promoters of the Motin de Esquilache
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    Royal Tapestry

  • La Cometa

    La Cometa
    One example of the Second Series of tapestries.
  • Charles IV

    Charles IV
    Riots and a popular revolt in Aranjuez in 1808 forced the him to abdicate on 19 March.
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    Reign of Charles IV.

  • Tomas Zumalacarregui

    Tomas Zumalacarregui
    He was a Basque Carlist general.
  • Painting of Charles III

    Painting of Charles III
  • Goya's deaf

  • Manuel Godoy

    Manuel Godoy
    He was born in Badajoz. He was the Prime Minister of Charles IV during 16 years.
  • Execution of Louis XVI

    Execution of Louis XVI
    Execution of Louis XVI
    He was executed after being in prison during a year and a half in Paris.
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    War of the Pyrenees

    This war pitted Spain against the Revolutionary France. The Peace of Basel ended the war on 22 July 1795 with the French close on the gates of Pamplona, with the Basques fearing an abolition of the self-government, and the Spanish Prime Minister Manuel Godoy fearing the still autonomous Basque region switching allegiances to France and detaching from Spain.
  • Goya ( Portrait )

    Goya ( Portrait )
  • Charles IV family painting

    Charles IV family painting
  • Black Paintin of Goya

    Black Paintin of Goya
  • Caprichos ( goya )

    Caprichos ( goya )
  • Jovellanos

    Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos was a Spanish neoclassical statesman, author, philosopher and an important figure of the Age of Enlightenment in Spain.
  • Conde de Floridablanca

    Conde de Floridablanca
    He was called José Moñino y Redondo. He was a Spanish politician who served as Secretary of State from 1777 to 1792 and directed the ''Junta Suprema Central'' created in 1808.
  • Trafalgar Battle

    Trafalgar Battle
    The battle took place near the Trafalgar Cape, in Caños de Meca. France, with Spain, faught against the countries of the Third Coalition, headed by United Kingdom, for defeating Napoleon. Great Britain won the battle without difficulties.
  • Napoleonic troops in Spain

    Napoleonic troops in Spain
  • The Treaty of Fontainebleau

    The Treaty of Fontainebleau
    The Treaty of Fontainebleau was signed on 27 October 1807 in Fontainebleau between Charles IV of Spain and Napoleon I of France. The accord proposed the division of the Kingdom of Portugal and all Portuguese dominions
  • Desastres de la Guerra (Independence War) by Goya

  • The Abdications of Bayonne

    The Abdications of Bayonne
    The Abdications of Bayonne were a series of forced abdications of the Kings of Spain that led to the Peninsular War.
  • Ferdinand VII

    Ferdinand VII
  • Period: to

    Reign of Ferdinand VII

    He abdicated because of the French Invasion
  • Dos de Mayo 1808

    Dos de Mayo 1808
    The Dos de Mayo of 1808, was a rebellion by the people of Madrid against the occupation of the city by French troops, provoking a brutal repression by the French Imperial forces.
  • Joseph I

    Joseph I
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    Reign of Joseph I

    He was Napoleon Bonaparte's brother. Napoleon impossed him as king to have control over Spain. He was also called Bottle Joe.
  • Constitution of 1812

    Constitution of 1812
    It was established on 19 March 1812 by the Cádiz Cortes, Spain's first national sovereign assembly, the Cortes Generales in refuge in Cádiz during the Peninsular War. It established the principles of universal male suffrage, national sovereignty, constitutional monarchy and freedom of the press, and supported land reform and free enterprise.
  • Ferdinand VII

    Ferdinand VII
    Ferdinand VII (14 October 1784 – 29 September 1833) was twice King of Spain: in 1808 and from 1813 to 1833. The lattest period in dispute with Joseph Bonaparte. He was known as "Ferdinand the Desired" or the "Felon King".
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    Reign of Ferdinand VII

    He was twice King of Spain.
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    Absolutist Period of Ferdinand VII

  • Riego's Pronunciamento

    Riego's Pronunciamento
    Rafael de Riego with his army forced the Constitution of 1812 to be restaured.
  • Pragmatic Sanction

    Pragmatic Sanction of King Ferdinand VII, decree of Ferdinand VII of Spain, which promulgated his predecessor Charles IV’s unpublished decision of 1789 revoking the Salic law of succession, which had denied royal succession to females. The Pragmatic Sanction was intended to permit his unborn child to succeed to the throne, even if it were female.
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    Firts Carlist war

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    Reign of Isabella II

    She was the daughter of Ferdinand VII. She was deposed of the throne.
  • Isabella II

    Isabella II
    Isabella II (10 October 1830 – 10 April 1904) was the queen of Spain from 1843 until 1868. She came to the throne as an infant, but her succession was disputed by the Carlists, who did not want to recognise a female as a governor, leading to the Carlist Wars. After her reign she was detrhned in 1868, and she finally abdicated in 1870. Her son Alfonso XII became king in 1874.
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    Second Carlist war

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    Reign of Amadeo I

    He was elected and he was the first Savoy. He abdicated before the republic.
  • Amadeo I

    Amadeo I
    Amadeo I (30 May 1845 – 18 January 1890) was the only King of Spain from the House of Savoy. He was the second son of King Vittorio Emanuele II of Italy and was known for most of his life as the Duke of Aosta, but reigned just from Noember of 1870 to February 1873.
  • Juan Prim

    Juan Prim
    He was a Spanish General and statesman. He was killed by unknown assassins in strange circumstances.
  • Period: to

    Third Carlist war

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    Estanislao Figueras

    He was the first President of the 1st Republic.
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    Francisco Pi y Margall

    He was the second President of the first Republic
  • Restoration monarchy

    Restoration monarchy
    It began on 29 December 1874 after the First Spanish Republic, whic ended with the restoration of the monarchy under Alfonso XII, after a coup d'état by Martinez Campos, and ended on 14 April 1931 with the proclamation of the Second Spanish Republic.