Robert Catesby and his other partners aimed to blow up the parliament assembly and kill the King. The plot failed.
King James I Visits Scotland
His first visit since being invited to the English throne. Prior to being King James I of England he was King James VI of Scotland,
Charles I Becomes the King of England.
Son of James I.
King James I Dies
The Wedding of King Charles I and Henrietta Maria
King Charles I marries Henrietta Maria. It was supposed to mend the relationship between the French and the British. She was a Catholic though, which wasn't supported in England.
The Dismissing of the Parliament
King Charles I dismisses parliament.
Petition of Rights
An agreement that King Charles I had to sign. It was mostly designed by lawyers in the House of Commons.
The Grand Remonstrance
A law proposing that the king would never have absolute power. It was written by John Pym. It stated that he had to call parliament regularly, not impose illegal tax, give control of the army and navy to parliament, and uphold the "Privilege of Parliament". It also stated that Laud and Stafford had to be executed.
The Start of the British Civil War
When the British began to rebel against the monarchy.
Battle at Edgehill
The first major battle of the British Civil War. There was no clear victor.
Battle at Naseby
Oliver Cromwell's New Model Army defeated the Cavaliers. They took 5000 prisoners, goods, and discovered the King's plans to cancel the acts that were placed against Roman Catholics.
King Charles I's Attempt at Escape
He attempted to sail to France; however, he accidentally ended up at the Isle of Wight. He was recognized and arrested.
Pride's Purge - Coup D’État
Oliver Cromwell and the Roundheads waited outside parliament and locked out/arrested all of the sympathisers of the monarchs.
The Execution of Charles I
Scotland Crowns King Charles II
The son of King Charles I of England. The crowning was not supported.
England was Officially a Commonwealth
Following the death of King Charles I. A Commonwealth is an independent country or community.
The Blue Laws
A number of laws introduced by Oliver Cromwell that prohibited certain actions. These actions included no Christmas, no Easter, no dancing, no singing, to gambling, and more.
The End of the British Civil War
England was ruled by Oliver Cromwell and the Roundheads.
Oliver Cromwell Becomes Lord Protector of England
After leading the military with much success, the people of England believed that he would be able to lead England. Shortly there after he became disappointed in himself because he believed that he was acting like the King of England.
King Charles II Becomes the King of England
During his reign he overturned the Blue Laws, and tried to protect the Catholics (however parliament passed the Test Act).
The Test Act
An act that made the Church of England supreme. It also became illegal for Catholics to hold public office, to have jobs, or to be king.
Mary and William of Orange are Crowned King and Queen of England
Crowned by parliament.
Bill of Rights
Signed by William and Mary of England making them a constitutional monarchy.
The Invention of the Steam Engine
Invented by Thomas Newcomen.
The Start of the Seven Years' War
The battle between the French and the English over New France.
The French Surrender
The French surrender to Great Britain and give up Quebec, ending the Seven Years' War.
King George III Takes the Throne of England
The Treaty of Paris
Signed by officials from Great Britain, France, and Spain declaring that Great Britain had won the Seven Years' War.
The Royal Proclamation
Signed by King George III of England establishing laws after they won the Seven Years' War,
The Invention of the Spinning Jenny
Invented by James Hargreaves. It allowed factory work to be completed much faster and more efficiently.
The Stamp Act
A tax placed on the Americans for paper.
The Forming of the Sons of Liberty
An organized group formed across America to protest against the British.
The Boston Massacre
British soldiers and American civilians got into a heated argument and killed five Americans. The outcome of the Massacre is still debatable.
The Tea Act
The British government lowered the prices of tea from the East India Company so that the Americans would by it. The Americans refused.
The Boston Tea Party
People in Boston dumped loads of tea from the East India company into the Boston Harbour to rebel against the British government.
The Intolerable Acts
A number of laws passed by the British government after the Boston Tea Party in order to punish the Americans and prevent further rebellion.
King Louis XVI Becomes King of France
The Quebec Act
An act placed on the people of Quebec by King George III of England. It benefitted the people of Quebec, but it was not beneficial to the Americans.
The First Continental Congress
A congress with twelve of the thirteen delegates (not Georgia) after the Coercive Acts were placed on the Americans.
The Invention of the Spinning Mule
It was invented approximately in 1775 by Samuel Crompton.
The Second Continental Congress
Delegates from all of the colonies discussed the potential of the Declaration of Independence.
The Declaration of Independence
A declaration which declared that America was no longer a colony of England and listed the multiple reasons why they wanted to separate.
The Improving of the Steam Engine
James Watt improved Thomas Newcomen's steam engine which drove the Industrial Revolution.
The Tennis Court Oath
A number of Third Estate members were planning to have an assembly. When they arrived the door was locked. Instead, they met in the tennis court and pledged the Tennis Court Oath.
The Storming of the Bastille
The people of France rebelled and tore down the prison. It is considered the official beginning to the French Revolution.
The Declaration of the RIghts Man and of the Citizen
An act introduced by the National Assembly to make every man equal. From then on, everyone was considered a "citizen".
Women's March of Versailles
Peasant women who were angry about the recent raise in price on bread marched to Versailles and attacked Marie Antoinette.
The Escape Attempt of King Louis XVI
He attempted to escape to Austria with his family to gain support. They were caught in Varennes disguised as non-royals.
The Invention of the Cotton Gin
Invented by Eli Whitney.
The Execution of King Louis XVI
He was guillotined a few months his wife, Marie Antoinette. His death marked the end of the monarchy in France.
The Execution of Marie Antoinette
She was guillotined like her husband. Even though she was technically the Queen, she was given no respect. People were allowed to throw things at her, hit her, etc. on her way to the guillotine.
The Execution of Maximilien Robespierre
The people of France went against him after he started to become obsessed with his work and introduced the Reign of Terror. He was guillotined.
The End of the Reign of Terror
The Reign of Terror is considered over after the death of Maximilien Robespierre.
Napolean Became the Emperor of France
He crowned himself. He was promoted to Emperor after he had lead the French army for a number of years.