1/28/1547 - Left the throne becuase of an illness.
1. Married his brother's wife after he died.
2. Became king right before he turned 18.
3. Henry's wives.
4. Loss of many children.
Grade - C. We dont feel like he did anything bad, but he didn't really do anything good either.
Mar 14, 1516
Charles I of Spain.
1/16/1556 - Left the throne because of retirement.
1. Italian Wars Vs. France.
2. Fought Protestantism.
3. Colonization of the America's.
4. Five ships to Magellan.
Hapsburg Valois - Burgundy.
Grade - B. We feel like he did more good then bad. After all, he did colonize the Americas.
Dec 12, 1533
Ivan IV of Russia.
1/26/1547 - Left the throne because of a stroke.
1. Sack of Novgorod.
2. Conquest of Kazan & Astrakhan.
3. Livonian War.
4. Crimean Raids.
Grade - D. Wars and raids are bad. If these are his greatest
accolplishments then he was not that good. (Side-note: Ivan the TERRIBLE).
Jan 28, 1547
Edward VI of England.
7/6/1553 - Leaves the throne because of death at age 15.
1. King at age 9.
2. Prayer book revolt.
3. France declares war on England.
4. Dies at a young age.
Grade - C. He took the throne too younge. He was not mature enough to make the kinds of decisions that needed to be made.
Jul 19, 1553
Mary I of England.
11/17/1558 - Leaves the throne because of death by a cyst.
1. Only daughter of Henry's to survive.
2. Title was lost due to the divorce of her mother.
3. Fell ill and her father sent his doctors to care for her.
4. Became queen of England.
Grade - F. Bloody Mary. She was too much of a tyrant. No one
Jan 16, 1556
Philip II of Spain.
9/13/1598 - Left the throne because he died from cancer.
1. Colonized the Philippines.
2. Dutch Repubic.
3. Spanish Armada / Invade England.
4. Defend Catholic Church.
Grade - C. Lots of bankruptcies, but led Spain to its height of
power and exploration.
Nov 17, 1558
Elizabeth I of England.
3/24/1603 - Left the throne because of an illness.
1. The New Faith.
2. Prisoner of the tower.
3. Became queen.
4. Put under house arrest.
Grade - D. The only good thing she did was become queen. If she was put under house arrest then we have to understand that she was not that great. She had to have done some bad things.
Apr 5, 1562
Ivan III of Russia.
11/6/1505 ( Uh. What) - Left the throne because of death.
1. Gathering of Russian lands.
2. Becomes prince after father's death.
3. Invades Novgorod.
4. Annexes republic of Novgorod.
Grade - B. He took the throne after his father, and that was a good thing. He invaded Novgrorod and annexed the republic. We think thats a good thing.
Henry IV of France.
5/14/1610 - Left the throne because of an illness.
1. Saxon Wars.
2. Civil Wars.
3. Voyage to Italy.
4. Internecine Wars.
Grade - A. He was a loved king, everyone thought he was so nice and he was well respected. He mostly faught holy wars or religious wars.
Philip III of Spain.
3/31/1621 - Left the throne because of decause of death.
1. Fall of Lerma.
2. Expolsion of Moriscos.
3. Economic decline & Failed reform.
4. End to the 30 Years War.
Grade - D. The only good thing he did was ending the 30 years war. Other then that he failed to reform, there was massive economic decline and the explotion of moriscos.
James I of England.
3/27/1625 - Left the throne because of death.
1. King of Scotland.
2. Married wife, Anna.
3. Became king of England.
Grade - B. We feel that he didn't really do much. He was a great king because he was the ruler of two kingdoms, but didnt really do much of anything noteworthy.
Louis XIII of France.
5/14/1643 - Left the throne because of Intestinal TB.
1. Expansion over seas.
2. Married wife, Anne.
3. Had 4 stillborn children.
4. Absolute Monarchy.
Grade - B. He took throne when he was 9 and exiled his mother and her follower, but he did end the revolt of the great feudel lords.
Michael I of Russia.
7/12/1645 - Left the throne because of a leg injury / death.
1. Exiled to Beloozero.
2. Consented to accept the throne.
3. Leg injury.
4. Married twice.
Grade - B. he was the first Romanov to take the throne, and marked the end of the time of troubles.
Ferdinand II of Central Europe.
2/15/1637 - Left the throne because of death.
1. King of Bohemia & Hungary.
2. Suspected of treason.
3. White Mountain War.
4. Did not do much to help the war.
Grade - D. In the White Mountain War, instead of helping to win the war, he didn't do anything that impacted into the war. He was suspected of treason after he took throne.
Philip IV of Spain.
9/17/1665 - Left the throne because of death.
1. War with English.
2. Expulsion of Jews.
3. Tour de Nesle Affair.
*4. Crusades with Mongols.
Grade - D. Throwing out all the Jews is just not ok, and going to war with England and the Mongols was propably not a good idea.
Charles I of England.
1/30/1649 - Left the throne because of execution.
1. Became king after father died.
2. Tried to dissolve parliament.
3. Ship money tax.
4. Surrendered at Newark.
Grade - F. He took throne after his father died, but then turned everything around. Tried to destroy parliment, raised the ship tax and was forced to surrender at newark and leave the throne. He was executed because that was how much his people hated him.
Frederick WIlliam (TGE) of Central Europe.
4/29/1688 - Left the throne because of German Conquor.
1. Great Elector.
2. 30 Years War.
3. Seen as a joke.
Grade - F. Its not so much that he was a bad king, its that everyone saw him as a joke, and was conquered by the Germans
and the 30 years war.
Louis XIV of France.
9/1/1715 - Left the throne because of death.
1. Reign & Reforms.
2. Patronage of the Arts.
3. New European relations.
4. Revoked Edict of Nantes.
Grade - A. Was known as Louis the Great. He continued his predecessors' work of a better tomorrow.
Oliver Cromwell of England.
9/3/1658 - Left the throne because of Malaria.
1. Became member of Parliament.
2. Military Commander.
3. First & Second Civil War.
4. Debate over Cromwell's effect on Ireland.
Grade - A. An acting member of Parliment, a commander in the army, and was in both the civil wars. He was know as a great.
Charles II of England.
2/6/1685 - Left the throne because of bodily decay.
1. Against the Dauphin.
2. Paris Revolution & Jacquerie.
3. Loss of Normandy.
4. Spanish Wars.
Grade - C. He started to do good things, but then started to turn on Parliment and go behind their backs. He soon dissolved Parliment and ruled alone for a while until his death.
Charles II of Spain.
11/1/1700 - Left the throne for unspecified reasons.
1. Married wife, Maria.
2. Spanish Succession.
4. Spanish Inquisition.
Grade - C His death led to the Spanish Inquisition. He was the last Hapsburg to rule Spain, and he was not a very effective ruler.
Peter I of Russia.
2/8/1725 - Left the throne because of a UTI.
1. Had children.
2. Great Northern War.
3. Peace made with Sweden.
4. Proclaimed Emperor of all Russia.
Grade - A. Westernized Russia to europes new ideas. Wanted to make peace and not war.
James II of England.
12/23/1689 - Left the throne because of a brain hemmorage.
1. Civil War.
2. Exile in France.
3. Conversion to Roman Catholocism.
4. First & Second marriage.
Grade - A. Divine right and his belief in religious freedom.
Frederick I of Central Europe.
2/25/1713 - Left the trone because of death.
1. Became king of Germany.
2. Imperial Domain under his control.
3. Got married ( for a better alliance).
4. Legends of his power.
Grade - B. First king of Prussia, he did alot to enrich Prussias infrastructure
Mary II of England.
12/28/1694 - Left the throne because of death.
2. James's Reign.
3. Glorious Revolution.
Grade - A. Joint rule over many crowns of Europe, known as William and Mary
William III of England.
3/8/1702 - Left the throne because of Pneumonia.
1. Became Stadtholder.
3. Invasion of England.
4. Proclaimed King.
Grade - A. Had great power, many crowns. Ruled side by side with wife, Mary, until she died.
Philip V of Spain.
1/14/1724 - Left the throne because of a stroke.
1. Bourbon Dynasty.
2. Spanish Succession.
3. King of Spain.
4. Melancholia consumed him.
Grade - C Did not really do anything that good, or bad. had longest reign on Spanish throne.
Charles VI of Central Europe.
10/20/1740 - Left the trone because of death.
1. King of Bohemia, Hungary & more.
2. Married wife, Elizabeth.
3. Favored his daughters.
4. Tried to get daughters to be rulers.
Grade - A. If he had so many titles, and so many crowns, he had to be doing something right. He tried to split the crowns amongst his daughters.
Frederick William I of Central Europe.
5/31/1740 - Left the throne because of death.
1. Became duke of Prussia.
2. The Great Elector.
3. Rasing commercial class.
4. Many marriages.
Grade - C. Centralized Prussia and replaced the mandatory millitary service with a tax, could now pay to get out of millitary service.
Louis XV of France.
5/1/0/1774 - Left the throne because of an illness.
1. King of France.
2. Married wife, Marie.
3. Country's wealth & Strength went down.
4. Had 3 Mistresses.
Grade - F. Damaged the treasury and overall power of france. discredited the monarchy.
Frederick II of Central Europe.
8/17/1786 - Left the throne because of death.
1. Became king of Germany.
2. Became king of Burgundy,.
3. Became duke of Sawabia.
4. Emires prince electors.
Grade - A. Millitary mastermind. Correspondent of Voltaire.
Maria Theresa of Central Europe.
11/29/1780 - Left the throne because of death.
1. Becomes the Holy Roman Empress.
2. War of Austria Succession.
3. People tried to take her kingdom.
4. Husband died.
Grade - C. The only women ruler of the Hapsburgs. Had sixteen kids.
Catherine II of Russia.
11/6/1796 - Left the throne because of a stroke.
1. Russo - Turkish Wars.
2. Partitions of Poland.
3. Religious affairs.
4. Serfdom under rule.
Grade - A. Greatly increased Russias territory. Longest ruling leader of Russia, became one of the great empires of Europe after 7 years war.
Louis XVI of France.
9/21/1792 - Left the throne becuase of an illness.
1. King of France.
2. Married Marie Antoinette.
3. Disliked as a king.
4. Imprisoned in the Temple.
Grade - D. Tried to import enlightenment ideas forcfully and france reacted badly, killed the king. No one liked him as a king.