Monarchs of europe nine kings may 1910.jpg.w560h408

European Monarch Family Timeline

  • Apr 21, 1509

    Henry VIII of England

    Henry VIII of England
    4-21-1509 till 1-28-1547
    death
    1. Six Marriages
    2. English Reformation
    3. Seperation of the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Curch
    4.Dissolution of the Monasteries
    Henry VII of England was his pops
    C because he started out as a good king but by the time he died england was in debt
  • Feb 14, 1516

    Charles I of Spain

    Charles I of Spain
    3-14-1516 till 1-16-1556
    Retired from throne
    1. Italian Wars V France
    2. Fought protostants
    3. Colonized americans
    4. 5 ships to megellan
    Hapsburg Valois-Burgandy
    F tried to reform but caused wars and faught the government
  • Dec 12, 1533

    Ivan the (Terrible) IV of Russia

    Ivan the (Terrible) IV of Russia
    12/12/1533-1/26/1547
    Death
    1.Became first ruler to be crowned Tsar
    2.Formed the Muscovy Company
    3.Launched Livonian War
    4.Conquest of Siberia
    Son of Vasily III
    F Titled himslef “Czar”, his own madness created chaos is Russia
  • Jan 17, 1547

    Edward VI of England

    Edward VI of England
    1/28/1547-7/6/1553
    Death
    1.Third Succession Act
    2.Signed the Treaty of Greenwich
    3.Named 16 executors
    4.Won at the Battle of Pinkie Cleugh
    Son of Henry VIII
    C He was a regular ruler, regin was short, had some social unrest with his subjects
  • Jan 28, 1550

    Frederick the Great

    Frederick the Great
    Frederick The Great
    HRE-1220-1250 Germany-1212-1220 Sicily-1198-1250
    Death
    1.head of the House of Hohenstaufen
    2.Seized Silesia
    3.War of Austrian Sucession
    4.
    Son of Henry VI
  • Jul 19, 1553

    Mary the I of England

    Mary the I of England
    7-19-1553 till 11-17-1558
    Death
    1. Heresy Acts reaffirmed
    2. "Bloody Mary"
    3. Made england catholic again
    4.
    Daughter of Henry VII and Cathrine of Aragon
    C short reign where she converted england again
  • Jan 16, 1556

    Philip the II of Spain

    Philip the II of Spain
    1/16/1556 till 9/13/1598
    His death was caused by cancer
    1.Colonize Philippines
    2.Dutch Republic
    3.Spanish Armada/Invade Englad
    4.Defend Catholic Church
    Elizabeth I
    B colonized phillipeanse and was at the height of spanish power
  • Nov 17, 1558

    Elizabeth the I of England

    Elizabeth the I of England
    11-17-1558 till 3-24-1603
    Death
    1. Treaty of Edinburgh
    2. Spanish Armada
    3. Returned england to anglican
    4. called parliment into session 10 times in 45 years
    Daughter of Henry VIII
    A she had a good relationship with parilment unlike most rulers, let people speak minds without punishment
  • Apr 5, 1562

    Ivan the III of Russia

    Ivan the III of Russia
    A he travled with his troops and was a strong military supporter, while also expanding russia
  • Dec 13, 1572

    Henry IV of France

    Henry IV of France
    12.13.1572 till 3-20-1610
    Stabbed by crazy catholic
    1. Started military compaign
    2. Spent time defending himself from assassins
    3. Military destroyed Cheshire
    4. Made adress to England as Monarch
    Father was King of Navvere
    A most popular king, enacted edict of nantes
  • Philip III of Spain

    Philip III of Spain
    9/16/1598 till 3/31/1621
    His death caused him to give up the throne.
    1.Thirty Years War
    2.Treaty of London ended war with Dutch
    3.Expulsion of the Moriscos from Spain
    4.
    Hapsburg family, Married the sister of Ferdinand II
    C repuatation was negitive and he was known as a "miserable monarch"
  • James the I of England

    James the I of England
    3/24/1603 till 3/27/1625
    Death
    1.Signed Treaty of Berwick
    2.Started the North Berwick witch trials
    3.Witchcraft Act 1563
    4.Passe the Popish Recusants Act
    Son of Mary, Queen of Scots
    F "outsider"-from scotland so people didnt like him, and his view of absolute monarchy caused problems with parliment
  • Charles the I of England

    Charles the I of England
    3/24/1603 till 3/27/1625
    Death
    1.Signed Treaty of Berwick
    2.Started the North Berwick witch trials
    3.Witchcraft Act 1563
    4.Passe the Popish Recusants Act
    Son of Mary, Queen of Scots
    C defys parliment, asks for money from parliment and doesnt get it. he taxed citizens without parliments approval
  • Louis XIII of France

    Louis XIII of France
    5-14-1610 till 5-14-1643
    Died
    Death
    1. Mom confirmed edict of nates.
    2. Ruled by council after hatred towards luynes
    3. Treaty of Montpellier
    4. Wanted to keep Valtellinaas as strong point
    Son of Henry IV
    A established acidemic franchise and ended revolt of federal lords
  • Michale the I of Russia

    Michale the I of Russia
    2/21/1613-7/12/1645
    Death
    1.His Reign marked the end of the Time of Troubles
    2.
    3.
    4.
    His great uncle was a central advisor to Ivan the Terrible
    B Ruled for a few years untill Michale was able to rule
  • Ferdinand the II of The Holy Roman Empire

    Ferdinand the II of The Holy Roman Empire
    6/5/1617-2/15/1637
    Death
    1.Obtained support of the Spanish Hapsburgs with the Onate treaty
    2.His unpopularity caused the Bohemian Revolt
    3.The Second Defenestration of Prague is considered the first step of the Thirty Years War
    4.Issued the Edict of Restitution
    Father was Charles II, Archduke of Austria and mother was Maria Anna of Bavaria
    D attempted to control religion, sparked revolt in the people, revolt grew to involve many other countries
  • Philip IV of Spain

    Philip IV of Spain
    1-31-1621 till 9-17-1665
    Death
    1. Thirty Years War
    2. Allience with Holy Roman Empire
    3. War in Flanders
    4.Armada/Navy
    Son of King Philip the III
    C expanded empire but failed to achive militaristic and domestic reform
  • Lousi XIV of France

    Lousi XIV of France
    5-14-1643 till 9-1-1715
    Death
    1. One of the longest rulers in european history
    2. Theory of divine rights of kings
    3. Franco-Dutch War-War of the League of Augsburg- War of the Spanish Succession
    4. He sought to eliminate the remnants of feudalism
    Apart of Burbon Family
    B war of devolition, one of the longest reigns
  • Oliver Cormwell of England

    Oliver Cormwell of England
    D he was doing good but too much good. his polices lead to wars
  • Chalres the II of England

    Chalres the II of England
    5-29-1660 till 3-6-1685
    Death
    1.Re-established Church of England with the Clarendon Code
    2.Second Anglo-dutch War
    3.Entered into secret alliance with Louis XIV, Secret Treaty of Dover
    4.Exclusion Crisis
    Son of King Charles I
    B supported religious toleration of catholics, didnt really do much
  • Charles the II of Spain

    Charles the II of Spain
    9/16/1598 till 3/31/1621
    His death caused him to give up the throne.
    1.Thirty Years War
    2.Treaty of London ended war with Dutch
    3.Expulsion of the Moriscos from Spain
    4.
    Hapsburg family, Married the sister of Ferdinand II
    C attempeted to give religious freedom, not the best ruler out there
  • Cathrine the II of Russia

    Cathrine the II of Russia
    A Continued Peter’s modernization of Russia, strengthened monarchy, reformed education system
  • Peter the I of Russia

    Peter the I of Russia
    B+ Goal was to modernize Russia, didn’t completly succeed, but did a lot to help Russia
  • James II of England

    James II of England
    2/6/1685 till 12/23/1689
    Deposed
    1.New Parliament=”Loyal Parliament”
    2.Faced rebellions in southern England, rebellion lead by his nephew
    3.Repeal of Penal Laws
    4.Issued the Declaration of Indulgence
    Second son of Charles I
    C didnt really do much either, invited Mary and William to become king and queen
  • William the III of Engalnd

    William the III of Engalnd
    2/13/1689-3/8/1702
    Death
    1.Passed the Act of Toleration
    2.Ruled with Mary II for a while
    3.Victory at the Battle of the Boyne
    4.Allegations of homosexual relations
    Grandson of King Charles I
    B ruled alongside Mary II ruled england well
  • Mary the II of England

    Mary the II of England
    12/23/1689-12/28/1694
    Death
    1.The Bill of Rights was Passed
    2. glorius revolution
    3. Constitutional monarchy
    4. Joint ruler with William
    Oldest daughter of James II
    B she ruled the people well but shared the reign with husband William
  • Philip the V of Spain

    Philip the V of Spain
    11/16/1700 till 1/14/1724
    Death
    1.The War of Spanish Succession
    2.Queen Anne’s War
    3.Nueva Planta
    4.Introduction on the semi-Salic law
    Grandson of Louis XIV
    A kept country together during his long reign.
  • Frederick I of Prussia

    Frederick I of Prussia
    Frederick I
    KIng of Prussia- 1701-1713
    Death
    1.Appointed himself king of Prussia by calling himself “King of Prussia”
    2.Got Prussia elevated to a kingdom
    3.
    4.
    House of Hohenzollern, father was Frederick William
  • Chalres VI of the Holy Roman Empire

    Chalres VI of the Holy Roman Empire
    10/12/1711-10/20/1740
    Death
    1.His death sparked the War of Austrian Succession
    2.Treaty of Vienna
    3.Turkish War with Russia(lost)
    4.
    Father was Leopold I, Holy Roman Emporer
    B died without male heir but created pragmatic saction which allowed his daughter to rule
  • Frederick William I

    Frederick William I
    Frederick William I
    1713-1740
    Death
    1.Great Northern War
    2.War of the Spanish Succession
    3.
    4.
    Father was Frederick I
  • Louis XV of France

    Louis XV of France
    5-14-1643 till 5-10-1774
    Death
    1. power at age of five
    2. Incorporation of Lorraine and Corsica to the Kingdom.
    3. Damaged the power of France
    4. Weakened the treasury. May have contributed to the French Revolution
    Burbon Family
  • Maria Theresa of the Holy Roman Empire

    Maria Theresa of the Holy Roman Empire
    10/20/1740-11/29/1780
    Death
    1.Modernised the empire
    2.Founded the Vienna General Hospital
    3.Codex Theresianus reform(defined civil rights, outlawed witvh burning)
    4.Reformed education and made is so all children of bothe genders from ages six to twelve had to attend school
    Last of the House of Hapsburgs, only female ruler in the Hapsburg domain, father was Charles VI, Holy Roman Emporer
    B involved in a war, but did a lot for the people, asked for peave and learning and defended civil rig
  • Louis XVI of France

    Louis XVI of France
    5-10-1774 till 9-21-1792
    Executed by guillotine
    1. Reform france in accordance with enlightenment ideas
    2. abolish serfdom, remove taille, and increase tolerance towards non catholics
    3. symbol of perceived tyranny
    4. Found fuilty of high treason
    Burbon Family